Difference Between WDS Relay And WDS Remote

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between WDS Relay And WDS Remote

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Whether or not a wireless local area network's access points are linked by a backbone wired network, a wireless distribution system (WDS) is a technique for linking them. A distribution system is an infrastructure that links access points, per the IEEE 802.11 specification (AP). The identical service set identification is configured on each access point in a distributed WLAN. A wireless repeater that serves in place of a backbone wired network helps a wireless distribution system connect one or more wired or wireless clients. Several access points are used to wirelessly expand the network. The linking of two or more buildings using a WLAN is a frequent application of a WDS. The simplest form of WDS entails two or more systems with access points set up to communicate with one another via messages or acknowledgements, together with an antenna capable of exchanging messages using the "line-of-sight communication" protocol.

WDS can also be thought of as a repeater mode because it aims to bridge and accept wireless clients simultaneously (unlike traditional bridging). The throughput for all wirelessly connected users is, however, 50% lower when the repeater technique is used. This is because Wi-Fi is a half-duplex channel by design, requiring the Store and Forward form of communication from any Wi-Fi device operating as a repeater. WDS may not function effectively with a range of devices because the IEEE 802.11-1999 standard does not describe how to build any such implementations or how stations interact to prepare for transmitting frames of this format (even occasionally from the same vendor). Only the 4-address frame format, as defined by, allows for it.

Configuration of Wireless Distribution Systems

When using cable is neither advantageous nor practical, wireless distribution systems (WDS) are frequently used across a wide range of industries to extend the reach of a network. WDS makes it simple to join two or more wireless access points to increase a wireless network's coverage area without requiring the standard wire backbone Ethernet connection that is traditionally needed to do so. In the end, WDS can offer wireless bridging and wireless repeating, two different types of wireless communication between access points.

It is significant to remember that not all WDS-capable devices will communicate with one another. We advise using items from the same manufacturer to improve your chances of putting together a successful wireless distribution system. To bridge WLAN across two buildings, a wireless distribution system is typically used. To demonstrate how to configure a wireless distribution system, we will use this scenario. You would probably buy a second wireless router and set it up in a different location if you had a single wireless router with a small range in one building and wanted to extend it to another building. You would then use a wireless distribution method to connect the second router to the one in your building without the use of cables. To do this, adhere to the guidelines listed below. Our example will show you how to set up WDS on the additional router needed to extend the reach of your network, assuming that your primary router has already been configured and is in operation.

A wireless distribution system, or WDS, enables network connectivity without the use of wires. Wireless connections are made between the devices. The WDS hardware can be used as a WDS Remote or WDS Relay. The WDS remote is a wireless access point and the WDS relay functions as a hub in the middle of two locations. You can create a wireless network of linked access points by employing a wireless distribution system, or WDS. The gadgets communicate wirelessly with one another. WDS-compatible devices can perform the roles of a WDS Relay or a WDS Remote. The two differ primarily in their different functions. A WDS Remote enables wireless clients to connect like an access point. During communication, the WDS Remote and base station exchange data back and forth.

WDS Remotes can be placed farther away from the main base station because the WDS Relay's principal function is that of a range extender. This gives you more freedom to choose where to position your WDS Remote for the best coverage. To further increase the range, daisy-connect numerous repeaters together. The main thing to keep in mind is that the bandwidth is often divided by two for each device you add between the client and base station. If all you need is access to email and the internet, this is adequate. However, having many devices might be counterproductive for applications that require a lot of bandwidth, such as file uploads. There are restrictions on how many devices you can connect using WDS. Up to four WDS Relays can be connected to a single base station. Then, you can link one WDS Relay or Relay chain to as many as four WDS remotes. You now have 16 WDS Remotes that are linked to 4 WDS Relays, which are then linked to a single base station. For the majority of uses, this ought to offer more than ample coverage. When covering expansive open regions or places where the WDS Relay can establish a line of sight between the base station and the WDS Remote, WDS is the best option. It is preferable to utilize wires to connect the access points in enclosed areas with thick walls because Wi-Fi signal interference from obstructions can be significant.

WDS Relay vs. WDS Remote

The WDS relay is an intermediary hub between two access points that catalyse to move of the location of the WDS remote farther away. This is the primary distinction between the WDS relay and the WDS remote. It links the remote access and the stations together. Functions as a wireless point in WDS remote, assisting the client in connecting and sending data back and forth from the base station.

Difference Between WDS Relay and WDS Remote in Tabular Form

Parameters of Comparison    WDS Relay     WDS Remote
Work It repeats. An access point, that is.
Chain The remote access is increased. Relay can be used to extend it.
Station To the base station, it is four. A 4 to WDS relay, that is.
Message Its foundation is distant. It communicates back and forth.
Connection Wireless and other relays are connected by it. The MAC address facilitates the connection.

What is WDS Relay?

Two access points are connected by the WDS relay. It can link four WDS relays to one base point. The WDS relay is essential for expanding the remote access area for the best coverage. It serves as a range extender and a repetition between two devices. In its behaviour, the WDS relay functions as a bridge between two access points. The WDS relay increases the best possible use of the coverage by extending the distant access point's range from the main base station.

The range is further increased by daisy-chaining numerous repeaters. A daisy chain is a method of linking many devices and thus mimics a flower's stem and petals. However, connecting several devices slows down file transfers and downloads. The number of devices that can connect to WDS is limited. A single base station can accommodate up to four WDS relays. A wireless network known as a WDS relay network links the source and destination using nodes. The network relays the data through several hardware units known as nodes as it transfers data between the server and the remote computer. A WDS relay network is comparable to a collection of individuals who are close enough to one another to pass a package. The network is represented by the people, and many messages can go through them. For efficient communication, the WDS relay could have a variable topology, such as a line, circle, or ring. The WDS relay network accelerates data transfer by determining the most efficient route. It might not be possible to transfer emails from one computer to another without them being physically connected to a WDS relay network.

WDS Relay's primary function is to act as a range extender so that WDS Remote can be placed farther from the base station. Users will therefore have more options when configuring WDS Remote devices to have more ideal coverage. In addition, you can install several daisy-chained multiple repeaters to increase the range. However, since the bandwidth will be shared evenly between the client and base station in this scenario, you also need to be aware of each device's bandwidth restriction. If all you need is email and internet access, this is plenty. However, if too many devices are connected, conducting operations like file transfer and heavy applications that consume bandwidth will be difficult.

What is WDS Remote?

The client may easily connect to the WDS remote, which is a wireless access point. It is in charge of information transmission and base station communication. To obtain ideal coverage, the WDS remote is placed farther from the base station and offers users the chance to adjust the WDS parameters. A WDS Remote connects with the base station to pass information and functions as an access point. The relay can be connected to four WDS remote controls. The MAC address is used for connections by the client. Each base station needs to be modified to use the same encoding methods or procedures. To forward to other systems, the base station must be set up.

If a duet occurs, foundation depots will activate WDS. Wide Area Network (WAN) connects to the support foundation, which is connected to the distant support base. The far-off support depot is connected to the entertainment panel, and the entertainment panel transmits the data to the far-off base station via the network. The panel and the far-off support base receive the answer after moving up from the expert foundation basis. The remote location, which is farther from the base station, offers the opportunity to increase coverage. It's important to pay attention to the bandwidth choices made by your base station. Daisy-chain repeaters can be fitted to increase the reach. However, because file uploads and downloads consume more bandwidth, they may not operate as planned, so it's crucial to pay attention to the bandwidth. A relay chain can have four WDS remote attached to it, and the base station can have four WDS relay.

The interaction and data transfer with the base station are handled by WDS Remote. Clients can easily connect to it, similar to how a wireless access point works. On the other hand, WDS Relay only serves as a hub for connecting two access points. Remote WDS is the best choice if you want to "cover" larger, open areas or locations where WDS Relay can provide a line of sight to the base station and Remote WDS. In enclosed spaces with thick walls, it is advisable to connect to access points by wires due to impediments that could interfere with wireless networks. To obtain more optimal coverage, users will have more options when configuring WDS Remote devices. In addition, you can install several daisy-chained multiple repeaters to increase the range. However, since the bandwidth will be shared evenly between the client and base station in this scenario, you also need to be aware of each device's bandwidth restriction. If all you want to do is access the internet and send emails, this is plenty. However, it will be challenging to carry out activities like file transfers and demanding programs that use a lot of bandwidth when there are too many connected devices.

Difference between WDS Relay and WDS Remote In Points

  • Between two devices, a WDS relay serves as a repeater. WDS remote reflects serves as a point of entry.
  • The connector is extended with a WDS relay (Daisy Chain). The WDS relay expands the capabilities of the WDS Remote.
  • Four stations can be set to the base using the WDS relay. The WDS relay receives four WDS remotes.
  • The base station and WDS remote are connected by the WDS relay. The message is transmitted back and forth using the WDS remote.
  • Wireless clients or other relay stations are connected through the WDS relay. The connections between clients in WDS remote are made using MAC (Media Access Control) addresses.


The wireless distribution method is the ideal choice for large open areas. The relay provides a line of sight between the base station and the remote. In confined spaces where access point impediments may interfere with Wi-Fi signals, the wired connection is preferable. Relay or remote are used by WDS to establish wireless connections. The WDS relay functions as a bridge between two access points. The base station and WDS remote communicate information back and forth.

The total number of devices that can be added to the WDS has a defined cap. The bandwidth's capacity is limited by the addition of more devices. The best ratio is to connect four WDS relay to the base and four WDS remote to the relay. It is ideal to have sixteen WDS remotes on average, four WDS relays, and one base station.


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"Difference Between WDS Relay And WDS Remote." Diffzy.com, 2024. Sat. 20 Apr. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-wds-relay-and-wds-remote-886>.

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