Difference Between Oracle 9i and Oracle 10g

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Oracle 9i and Oracle 10g

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The computer is currently the most crucial aspect of people's life. Additionally, it functions and keeps its data in the form of a database. Therefore, the need for various and cutting-edge characteristics for data storage increased with the passage of time. A new relational database system that could store a growing amount of data was created to address this problem.

Oracle 9i vs. Oracle 10g

The Oracle Database software, most commonly referred to as Oracle, was created in 1977 by Software Development Laboratories (SDL). An alphanumeric system identification identifies it as an Object-Relational Database Management System (ORDMBS) (SID).

The operating system processes PMON or process monitor, SMON or system monitor, coupled with memory and data storage, are all included in the Oracle Database program. Oracle 9i, which stands for the word "Internet" and denotes that it is Internet-ready, was released in 2001. The following new features are present:

  • Direct support for XML databases.
  • 3 Java JDK.
  • Oracle Data Guard upgrades.
  • New functionality for data replication and sharing.
  • Tables' keys are compressed during data loading.
  • Strengthening the security.
  • Locally control system table spaces.
  • DBA automation.

The letter "g" stands for "grid" in Oracle 10g, which was released in 2003 to support regular expressions and underline its readiness for grid computing. These are a few of its attributes:

  • change database, start backup syntax, and drop the database.
  • Data Guard Broker and RAC will support database 10g Redo Log Transport.
  • Support for regular expressions and SQL apply features.
  • HTML database support
  • Object storage in a recycle bin and a new purge command.
  • SYSAUX table space and the command to rename table space.
  • Storage Management Automation (ASM).
  • Repository for Automatic Workload (AWR).
  • Monitor for Automatic Database Diagnostics (ADDM).

There are significant differences between these two versions, including the following:

  • Oracle 10g has been shown to be easier to handle than Oracle 9i.
  • When compared to Oracle 9i, the new ADDM and SQL Tuning Advisor of Oracle 10g are a very noticeable improvement.
  • Oracle 10g reduces DBA workload and speeds up management task performance.
  • Executable for Oracle, 10g is more significant.
  • While it is permitted in Oracle 10g, rollback after a drop is not allowed in Oracle 9i.
  • Compared to Oracle 9i, Oracle 10g has additional functionality and provides more effective replication support.
  • Oracle 10g requires more powerful hardware than Oracle 9i.

Each edition has many great features. The critical distinction between the two is that Oracle 10g, which is a higher version than Oracle 9i, offers a number of new features that improve those of Oracle 9i while maybe abandoning certain older ones.

The critical distinction between Oracle 9i and Oracle 10g is that Oracle 9i was built in 2001, and as a result, it offers slightly fewer features and additional benefits than Oracle 10g, which was developed and published in 2003 and offers significantly more features and other benefits.

The older version of the Oracle software, Oracle 9i, was created by System Development Laboratories (SDL). The database, application server, and developer suite were the three main pieces of software that made up the entire system when it was released by the laboratory in 2001. The term's prefix, which stands for "internet ready," is an acronym.

Oracle 10g, developed by the same company, SDL, is the most recent and improved iteration of the Oracle software. The corporation, or let's say the laboratory, published the program in 2003. The software version has been credited with a number of advanced features, making it the creators' favored choice.

Difference Between Oracle 9i and Oracle 10g in Tabular Form

Parameters of Comparison Oracle 9i Oracle 10g
Released in 2001 2003
Prefix Internet-ready Grid computing ready
Version Lower Higher
Features Less More
Management Difficult Easy
System requirements Less More
Other features Absent Backup, flashback, recovery, and many other

What is Oracle 9i?

One of the Oracle databases created and developed by the Software Development Laboratories is Oracle 9i (SDL). The alphanumeric method is used to classify the numerous distinct software versions. In 2001, the program was created and constructed. The prefix used at the end of the software name, which stands for the phrase "internet ready," has a specific meaning. Database, application server, and developer suite are the three fundamental parts of the program that make up the entire product.

The earliest version of it is referred to as Oracle 9i. As a result, system management for the program is challenging and not as necessary despite the fact that the software has no extra functionality.

The software's various features are listed below and include:

  • enhanced security
  • The new feature compresses specific keys when data is loaded.
  • Automated DBA
  • Java JDK 1.3
  • The system's local tables are handled locally.
  • database support for XML

When Will Oracle 9i No Longer Receive Security Updates?

About a year ago, Oracle introduced the idea of life support. In essence, Oracle will now maintain its products for five years following the date of wide release. As a result, the customer now has some control over the timing of an upgrade, thanks to this new policy, which is applicable to most Oracle products, if not all of them.

Technically, Oracle 9.2 support will terminate in July 2007. But until July 2010, you can purchase Oracle 9.2 Extended Support for an additional three years. To be eligible for Extended Support, I believe you must be using Oracle9i Release 2's terminal release, which is

What is Oracle 10g?

The same business that created Oracle 9i and Oracle 10g, SDL, also released Oracle 10g; both companies were founded in 1977. There are numerous versions and sub-versions of Oracle's core software. And among the newest and most updated software versions is Oracle 10g.

Two years had passed from the 2003 release of Oracle 9i before the software was made available. The word "g" is utilized in the software's name as an acronym for the phrase "grid computing ready." The management of the aforementioned software is considerably more straightforward, and the system's requirements are higher.

Increasing performance for all critical workloads while lowering the cost of management are the two main objectives of this version of the Oracle Database. Manageability and performance have considerably improved across the board. Users can benefit from inexpensive hardware and storage thanks to new capabilities that assist the provisioning and virtualization of computing resources in a Grid environment. Important new high-availability features are now offered, such as improved Flashback capabilities that lessen the amount of downtime brought on by errors made by people. In order to minimize the downtime associated with database and application upgrades, rolling upgrades are now supported. This release's security updates prioritize better managing a large number of users across an integrated end-to-end environment.

The capabilities of SQL analytical, OLAP, and data mining will be improved, which will be beneficial for business intelligence solutions. More extensive databases may now be loaded and refreshed more quickly and with better support. Additionally, this edition supports crucial criteria in the field of bioinformatics.

With the inclusion of text categorization features, new formats for multimedia data, and enhanced search and retrieval capabilities, support for non-relational data stored in databases has also been improved in this release. Additionally, spatial query performance has been enhanced, and additional spatial data models and data types are now supported. Additionally, XML capabilities have been enhanced to concentrate on the efficient handling of big XML data sets that are natively stored in the database.

The database comes with a framework that enables desktop and middle-tier applications to retrieve and extract data from the database using conventional Web Services mechanisms. Other improvements to application development include support for a high-performance and highly integrated XML capability across the entire technology stack.

Server Manageability

The management cost of implementing and maintaining an Oracle-based system has been significantly reduced, which is one of the crucial value propositions for this release of the Oracle Database. In addition, new methods and approaches are being included throughout the entire database platform in a number of significant breakthroughs in this area. Three different techniques are used:

An Oracle database's configuration and deployment no longer require nearly as much sophistication as they once did. Everyday operating routines have been automated whenever possible. As a result, numerous tasks needed to adjust and manage various aspects of the Oracle Database have been considerably streamlined.

Server Configuration

The Oracle Database's overall footprint has been significantly reduced in this version. New, simple upgrade features have been made available for users upgrading from earlier versions, considerably reducing the number of steps needed to upgrade an Oracle Database. With the initial release, the optimal database setting has been significantly simpler. There are only a few fundamental initialization parameters that administrators need to be aware of in order to set up and fine-tune their environment. Many additional database configuration chores have been automated or eliminated as well. From OracleMetaLink, any upcoming patch sets that will be needed over the database's lifespan can be automatically recognized, downloaded, and applied.

Below is a list of the some various features included in the most recent Oracle 10g software release:

  • Resonance
  • In charge of the storage
  • Moveable system files
  • Migration of Transparent Sessions
  • rapid failover of a connection
  • Manageable Integrated Cluster-ware
  • enables high-speed InfiniBand network support

What is the 10g Express Edition of Oracle Database?

Oracle Database 10g Express Edition is the free download for the world's most potent relational database (Oracle Database XE).

Oracle Database XE is simple to manage and install. With Oracle Database XE, you can work the database, create tables, views, and other schema objects, import, export, and examine table data, run queries and SQL scripts, and generate reports using the Database Home Page, a user-friendly browser-based interface.

A declarative, graphical programming environment for building database-centric Web applications is included in Oracle Database XE. You can create Oracle Database XE apps using well-known Oracle and third-party languages and technologies in addition to HTML DB 2.1.

The Main Difference Between Oracle 9i and Oracle 10g in Points

  • The year 2001 saw the release and development of the software Oracle 9i, while the year 2003 saw the release and development of the program Oracle 10g.
  • The prefix I used at the end of the software name stands for "internet ready," whereas the prefix "10g" used at the end of the Oracle software name stands for "grid computer ready."
  • Comparatively speaking, the Oracle 10g software is the better version with the essential changes and improvements, while the Oracle 9i software is thought of as the lower version of the database.
  • The features stated in Oracle 9i are pretty limited. However, the features described in Oracle 10g are high-end and cutting-edge in comparison.
  • When compared to Oracle 10g, which is comparably easier to handle or manage, controlling Oracle 9i is a little more challenging.
  • Fewer hardware requirements apply to Oracle 9i software, but more significant hardware requirements apply to Oracle 10g software.
  • In contrast, the extra functions supplied by the Oracle 10g software include backup, flashback, recovery, and many more. The added functionality is mainly lacking in the case of Oracle 9i.


To summarize the aforementioned subject, it may be said that over time, all machines and technologies require upgrades to their software and functionalities. The enhancements at hand make the customer's work more straightforward and more accessible. In order to introduce new features and applications that are essential and in high demand, developers and technicians toil day and night.

The SDL firm released ORDMBS (object-related Database Management System), which is nothing more than the Oracle software, in the late 1970s. The primary goal of the program development was to solve the issue of computer data storage. Oracle 9i and Oracle 10g are two of the numerous versions of the core software that the firm introduced in response to customer demand, each with unique features and advantages. The more recent and modern form is 10g, while 9i is the earlier one.


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"Difference Between Oracle 9i and Oracle 10g." Diffzy.com, 2024. Sat. 20 Apr. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-oracle-9i-and-oracle-10g-748>.

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