Difference Between GRPS and 3G

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between GRPS and 3G

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Since the introduction of the mobile phone, there has been a persistent need for the ability to transport data across the network in addition to voice communications. Users were able to communicate with one another through text messages thanks to the development of systems that made this possible. Since then, data communications started with technologies such as GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) and WAP (Wireless Access Protocol), which have shown us what mobile internet may be like in the future.

The most recent technology is GPRS and 3G, which both offer a fast transmission speed and adhere to the 2G standard. On the other hand, 3G adheres to the 4G standard. In addition, much like GPRS, 3G allows for communication in both directions, and it also includes a variety of additional benefits, such as instant messaging, location-based alerts, and other features. However, even though both GRPS and 3G are quite well-liked and are somewhat comparable to one another, they are very distinct from one another.

GPRS is a kind of third-generation wireless data service that enables mobile phones to do a variety of other functions in addition to making and receiving phone calls. It is the primary technology that enables MMS capabilities, such as those that enable users to transmit photos, sound samples, and even movies to other mobile phones that are capable of receiving MMS. It has even enabled users to access a watered-down version of the internet using wireless application protocol (WAP) at rates ranging from 56 to 114 kbps. Because you are paid per kilobyte while using GPRS, the sluggish connection speed is not the primary issue; rather, the fact that you are charged at all is the primary issue. Because of this, you will need to download content in moderation unless you want a very large bill.

GPRS vs 3G

The most significant distinction between GPRS and 3G is that the GPRS network handles voice calls over the Internet, meaning that it does not have the capacity for high throughput. On the other hand, 3G networks include HSDPA, which stands for high-speed downlink packet access and has the capacity for high throughput.

Elision is short for General Packet Radio Service, which is what GPRS stands for. It is a sort of service that sends data across 2G networks at rates of up to 115 kbit/s by using a method known as packet switching. For example, GPRS is also utilized by satellite phones and other apparatus that connect to the mobile phone network. Such devices often have the capability of connecting to the Internet through any mobile telephonic network.

The word "3G" refers to the third generation of cellular data transfer rather than a collection of devices and protocols developed for wireless communication. 3G technology is the more contemporary kind of cellular data transmission that is utilized by the name "3G" which stands for the third generation. The third-generation (3G) wireless internet technology is the most recent advancement and enables speeds of up to 6 Mb/s or greater.

GPRS and CDMA are comparable in the sense that in addition to their fundamental calling and messaging capabilities, both provide extra options to their users. Users can access the internet, and networks can transmit and receive IP packets thanks to these two things. However, they are distinct from one another in their ways. GPRS was an extension to the older 2G standards that enabled users to access features such as push-to-talk services, MMS messaging, and internet access through WAP. In contrast, 3G enables users to participate in video conferences, transmit movies in HD or high quality, and use cloud computing, among other services. The rate at which the data is sent is yet another significant point of differentiation. In comparison, the greatest data transmission rate that could be achieved with GPRS was 114 kilobits per second. With 3G, however, the maximum data transfer rate might be as high as 1 megabit per second. It is anticipated that during the next several years, 2G will become irrelevant due to the rise of 3G as the dominant standard. It is not compatible with the 2G infrastructure, and some nations have not yet migrated to the new infrastructure. Even though it is growing in popularity right now, it is not compatible with the 2G infrastructure.

Difference Between GPRS and 3G in Tabular Form

Parameters of Comparison GPRS 3G
Full-Form General Packet Radio Service Third Generation
Data Restriction There are a few restrictions with GPRS.


The Third Generation does not have any restrictions.


Input Fetchability GPRS is distinguished by its rapid rate of fetching input. The input fetching velocity in 3G is a little bit lower than usual.
Data Velocity Achieving rates of 56 and 21 KBps respectively. Achieving download rates of 58 and 15 KBps respectively.
Cost The cost is reasonable. It comes at a very high cost.

What is GPRS?

GPRS refers to a quality level for mobile network tools that enable users to connect to the internet wirelessly over a cellular web. These tools are referred to as "GPRS-enabled." In addition, GPRS is employed extensively and extensively by the cellular web all over the globe, and it is significantly operated in smartphones, which may become obsolete as a result of the development of 4G LTE. In addition, a general packet radio service, sometimes known as GPRS, is a kind of network support that enables users to access the Internet on their mobile phones. An account holder can connect to ad hoc Wi-Fi hot spots and make use of the web tools that are made available to them by their telecom operator when they make use of GPRS.

The General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is an ad hoc wireless input service that enables packet-switched communication between devices that are connected to suitable wireless networks. Additionally, GPRS offers various degrees of support depending on the model of the user's smartphone. In addition, it is permissible to propose degrees of network data speed allows that allow for simple sharing of brief messages up to the transferral of enormous files. The fact that legacy devices may be connected to the internet and other networks is what gives GRPS its superiority over other networking protocols. The main disadvantage of having a connection via GRPS, on the other hand, is the relatively little quantity of data that can be exchanged at any one moment.

Consumers are often informed that they are receiving "2.5G" or "2G" service when they are receiving GPRS. In the context of the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM), it is the forerunner to the Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE) standard and the successor to the first generation of the GSM data technology (GSM). GPRS makes use of the GSM infrastructure that is already in place, and it may be implemented with a variety of technologies such as SMS, Bluetooth, or Wi-Fi, or it can be done with a mixed network that makes use of both cell towers and wireless LANs.

To expand the capabilities of the GSM network, the General Packet Radio Service, or GPRS, was developed. The GSM standard, sometimes known as 2G, is intended to eventually replace analog cellular networks (1G). GPRS is a packet-oriented mobile data protocol that was released to the public for commercial use in the year 2000. This protocol enables the network to transfer IP packets to other networks. This service can function on both 2G and 3G networks simultaneously. In contrast to the prior billing method, which was done on a per-minute basis, GPRS consumption is often invoiced according to the amount of data that is sent. Push-to-talk services (also known as walkie-talkies), internet access, and multimedia messaging service (MMS) are just some of the new capabilities that have been available as a result of the introduction of general packet radio service (GPRS).

What is 3G?

The term "3G" refers to a technology that improves the speed and reliability of the internet. Not only laptops, cellphones, and desktop computers may be connected to it; it can connect to a broad variety of other devices as well. Additionally, 3G supports a wide variety of standards for the speed at which wireless data may be sent. This may range anywhere from 50 kilobytes per second downlink in 1xRTT downlink to 600 megabits per second uplink.

3G is also known as UMTS, which stands for "universal mobile telecommunications system," HSDPA, which stands for "high-speed downlink packet access," and WCDMA, which stands for "wideband code division multiple access." It also goes by a few other names, including CDMA2000 Advanced Mobile Phone System and UMTS 3G, among others. In addition to this, it transmits many pieces of information at the same time while it is on its way to the destination, which increases the quantity of data that can be sent in a short length of time.

The third-generation (3G) mobile network (3G) is a technology that enables mobile internet connections. It has been built from the bottom up to ensure that a link to the internet may be established whenever and wherever it is required. For users to transfer data between their phones and computers, they will need a data card that is compatible with both the phone and each other. This data is screened over a cellular connection, which is a connection with a fast speed. Negotiations take place over this connection.

The advent of 3G technology has also resulted in an expansion of the capabilities of mobile phones to an even greater extent. Video calling was one of the new features brought by 3G, coupled with high-speed data access that could reach up to 384 kbps. These download rates are already inside the minimum speed range for DSL connections and provide more than enough bandwidth for simple web navigation. Mobile phones that are compatible with 3G networks have also reached a level of technological advancement that enables them to carry web browsers that can process and display whole web pages. The experience is nonetheless made valuable by the workaround of zooming in, even though the display is somewhat limited in size. The fact that telecommunications companies now charge by the minute and some of them even provide data plans with limitless access is an additional advantage of 3G service. Because of this, mobile internet became functionally equivalent to DSL.

It is not hard to understand that 3G technologies are the wave of the future, and it is only a matter of time until the 2G network is phased out in favor of the 3G network, which is far faster. The 3G technology has proved to be substantial enough to merit the slow development of the infrastructure that is required to support it, even though it is incompatible with the GSM networks that are already in use. When compared to GPRS, the speed that we experience with 3G is far higher, and as a result, it has enabled many features, like video calling and even streaming of live television. Aside from all of that, the development of even more recent technologies such as HSDPA, which offers more than 7.2 Mbps of bandwidth, has made it certain that 3G will be there for the foreseeable future.

The term "third generation," abbreviated as "3G," refers to the technological advancement that occurred during the third generation of mobile telephony. In certain circles, it is also referred to as the Tri-Band 3G. This is a collection of standards that complies with the criteria of the International Mobile Telecommunications-2000 (IMT-2000) and is used for mobile devices as well as mobile telecommunication services. 3G may be utilized for video calls, mobile TV, mobile Internet access, and fixed wireless Internet access, in addition to wireless voice telephony and mobile Internet access. It is an improvement over 2G and makes it possible for consumers to do more with their internet technology, such as transmitting movies and participating in video conferences, among other advantages. Firms that use the CDMA standard provide 3G service under the designation CDMA2000, whereas companies that use GSM use the moniker W-CDMA.

Main Differences Between GPRS and 3G in Tabular Form

  • The abbreviation for General Packet Radio Service is referred to as the GPRS elision, while the abbreviation for Third Generation is 3G.
  • Comparatively, the input curtailment of GPRS is only controlled on a modest scale, but the input curtailment of 3G is not restricted at all.
  • When it comes to the input, GPRS has a high affectability, whilst 3G has a somewhat lower fetchability.
  • The data velocity needed to attain the speed of GRPS is 56 KBps and 21 KBps, however, the data velocity needed to reach the speed of 3G is 58 KBps and 15 KBps.
  • Comparatively, the GRPS has a limited budget whereas the 3G has a substantial one.
  • To facilitate the sending and receiving of data packets, the GPRS service was developed as an extension of the GSM network. Compared to GPRS, the 3G network is both quicker and more reliable.
  • A new antenna had to be brought out for GPRS, but once they were in place, 3G-enabled devices experienced lightning-fast speeds and "always-on" connection without any of the problems that plagued GPRS.
  • A 2G advancement is GPRS but 3G is not.


GPRS and 3G are only two examples of the many different kinds of mobile tools that are now available; each of these tools has a unique set of strengths and weaknesses. The word "3G" refers to a set of standards for wireless communication that were developed based on the IMT-2000 specifications. This standard is an advancement on both the GSM and GPRS protocols, respectively. Although an increase, 3G networks may send data at rates of up to 144 mbit/s. While this is faster than many broadband internet connections, it is still not equal.

Through the distribution of energy across two distinct channels for uplink and downlink, GPRS makes it possible to improve the sound quality of phone conversations. The General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) was developed so that mobile phone service providers may provide value-added services to their customers, such as mobile banking and Internet access. This made it possible for GSM network operators to transition to a new type of business. Both 3G and GRPS have several deficiencies in their design.

However, old GPRS tends to be more efficient and cost-effective than its modern counterpart. A data connection between the mobile phone and the network may be established with the help of GPRS by using packet data (PDCP) protocols. An SGSN is a very effective point of connection between a user's phone and a packet-switched network. This point of connection is termed the point of attachment.


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"Difference Between GRPS and 3G." Diffzy.com, 2024. Fri. 23 Feb. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-grps-and-3g-734>.

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