Difference Between Fedora and Ubuntu

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: August 06, 2022

       

Difference Between Fedora and Ubuntu Difference Between Fedora and Ubuntu

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Introduction

The software that handles hardware, services, applications, and other resources is referred to as an operating system. Additionally, it makes an effort to manage the tasks of the computer system, including the allocation of output, input, and memory. The operating system serves as a go-between between the computer's software and its underlying hardware. It is used in practically all computers, mobile devices, laptops, video games, and other electronic devices like supercomputers. The Windows operating system is very well-known all over the globe and now has a market share of 76 percent. Other operating systems include macOS, Linux, Fedora, and Ubuntu, among others.

Ubuntu is an operating system that is based on Linux. It was designed to run on personal PCs, mobile devices, and servers connected to a network. Canonical Ltd., situated in the United Kingdom, is the company responsible for developing the system. The Ubuntu software was developed using the same open-source software development principles that underlie every other open-source software development.

Fedora is a Linux distribution that was developed by the Fedora Project, which is backed by the community and is sponsored by Red Hat. Fedora is an operating system that aims to be at the forefront of the technologies that it incorporates and distributes software under a variety of open-source and free licenses. Fedora serves as the upstream source for the cost-effective Linux distribution known as Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Fedora vs. Ubuntu

The main difference between Fedora and Ubuntu is that the latter was introduced in 2004 while the former was introduced in 2003. Fedora's Nvidia graphics driver installation is a little challenging and challenging. Ubuntu, meanwhile, may be set up with only one click. Package managers like DNF, RPM, etc. are used by Fedora. GNOME Software, APT, and other package managers are used by Ubuntu.

There are presently three different versions of Fedora 21: Workstation, geared toward personal computers, Server, geared toward servers, and Atomic, geared toward cloud computing. Fedora has been estimated to have 1.2 million users as of February 2016, including Linus Torvalds, the man behind the Linux kernel.

Fedora is known for emphasizing innovation, incorporating cutting-edge technology from the start, and collaborating closely with upstream Linux organizations. Making modifications upstream rather than just for Fedora ensures that they are accessible to all Linux distributions. GNOME and the GNOME Shell are Fedora's standard desktop backgrounds and user interfaces, respectively. Other desktop environments may be installed, including KDE Plasma, Xfce, LXDE, MATE, and Cinnamon. KDE Plasma was no longer supported in upcoming releases to Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Fedora, according to a Red Hat announcement from October 2018.

Fedora is a community-based operating system that was created by the Fedora Project. It is identical to Unix but only belongs to the family of Linux businesses. RedHat, a company owned by IBM, funded Fedora. Software that is open source and free gives future technologies an advantage. Since Fedora 30's release, there are five different versions of the operating system.

Ubuntu is a member of the Linux family and is also free and open-source software. It was created by the Debian corporation, a project with a strong sense of community. It was made available in three versions: Core, Desktop, and Server (IoT for different devices and robots). GNOME is Ubuntu's default desktop environment. With the aid of LTS, the New Version of Ubuntu is issued every six months (long-term support). Three official versions of Ubuntu are available: Ubuntu Desktop for personal computers, Ubuntu Server for servers, including the cloud, and Ubuntu Core for robotics and IoT devices. Long-term support (LTS) versions of Ubuntu come every two years, whereas the most recent releases happen every six months.

Canonical and the community created Ubuntu with a meritocratic governance style in mind. For all Ubuntu releases, Canonical provides free, guaranteed security updates and support starting on the day of release and continuing until the release reaches its predetermined end-of-life (EOL) date. Through the selling of upscale Ubuntu-related services, Canonical generates revenue. The most widely used operating system for clouds is Ubuntu, which is also the operating system that OpenStack recommends. The key characteristics of Ubuntu include, that Ubuntu's desktop edition supports all of the standard Windows programs, including Firefox, Chrome, VLC, and others. Additionally, it supports the LibreOffice office program. Additionally, Thunderbird, a built-in email program in Ubuntu, gives users access to email services like Exchange, Gmail, Hotmail, etc.

Difference Between Fedora and Ubuntu in Tabular Form

Table: Fedora vs. Ubuntu
Parameters of Comparison
Fedora
Ubuntu
Definition
 Fedora has a reputation for focusing on innovation, integrating the latest technologies beginning on and working intimately with upstream Linux communities. 
 Ubuntu is offered in three official releases: Ubuntu Desktop for personal computers, Ubuntu Server for servers including the cloud, and Ubuntu Core for the Internet of things devices plus robots. 
Package manager
RPM, DNF, Flatpak, OSTree etc.
 APT, DEB, Click packages, dpkg, Snap etc
Developed by
RedHat, IBM etc.
Canonical ltd.
Forum
Has 1 forum.
Has 2 forums.
Installer
Anaconda
Ubiquity

What is Fedora?

It is well known that the Fedora operating system emphasizes emerging technology, innovation, and other related topics. It maintains tight ties with the Linux family of operating systems. In contrast to Ubuntu, its lifespan is quite limited. In general, a version of Fedora will continue to function for one year and one month. However, it is possible to upgrade it from one version to another without having to reinstall it. GNOME shell and GNOME are the two components that makeup Fedora's desktop environment and user interface, respectively. Other desktop environments, such as KDE Plasma, LXQt, LXDE, Xfce, MATE, Cinnamon, and i3, are also available for installation under Fedora.

Fedora is an operating system that is designed to be safe and useful for a variety of tasks. The Fedora Project is responsible for overseeing the development of the operating system on a release cycle that occurs every six months. Red Hat is the organization that sponsors Fedora.

The Fedora Project claims that Fedora "will always be free for anybody to use, modify, and distribute." After Ubuntu, it is believed that Fedora is the Linux distribution that is used the second most often. Fedora is the foundation for more than a hundred other distributions, the most notable of which being Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and the XO operating system used by the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) initiative.

Fedora utilizes Linux, which by default includes a significant number of security rules, access control, and compiler technologies such as PIE (position independent executable) and hardening wrapper. It comes with a ton of pre-installed applications, including Mozilla Firefox, LibreOffice, and many more. Fedora 30 was released in 2003, which is 17 years ago. It came in five distinct versions, including IoT, Workstation, Server, SliverBlue, and Core OS, each of which catered to a certain requirement. In addition to being supported by Debian, it also provides a variety of individualized versions known as Fedora Labs.

Fedora provides support for the x86-64 and ARM-hfp computer architectures respectively. Fedora is an operating system that was first developed by the Fedora Linux project. Red Hat, Inc. is the owner of the trademark for the community software distribution known as Fedora. Fedora places a strong emphasis on its core principles, which include freedom, first, features, and friends. Yarrow was the name given to the first release of Fedora, which was known as Fedora 1. Since then, a total of 34 different versions of Fedora have been made available. Rawhide is used for testing different versions of Fedora, much in the same way that the Beta version is used for testing applications. It is a development branch for the Fedora operating system.

What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is a distribution of Linux that was created by Debian and includes server software. It updates to a newer version once every six months, and the upgraded version is free to use for the first nine months. In 2004, Ubuntu released its very first version to the public. The most recent version emphasizes the correction of bugs with a significant effect, as well as security remedies, as well as conservative, substantially helpful, low-risk bug corrections. Canonical Ltd. is responsible for managing Ubuntu's finances, even though Debian was responsible for Ubuntu's architecture. Since 2005, it has been a foundation's responsibility to cover the costs of and offer support for the development of Ubuntu.

Ubuntu has a vast variety of software that has been preinstalled, such as Sudoko, Chess, LibreOffice, Firefox, Thunderbird, and Transmission, amongst others. Through Ubuntu, users get access to a large variety of additional applications, as well as all of the APT-based package management tools that are now available. The default file manager and desktop of Ubuntu are GNOME Files and GNOME. Previously, this application was known as Nautilus.

Ubuntu's goal is to safeguard its users, including those with limited permissions, by preventing them from damaging their data in any way. In addition to that, it includes packages that strengthen the program by using GCC capabilities such as PIE and buffer overflow prevention. The level of security is significantly improved as a result of these additional features. Additionally, it offers encryption of the whole drive, which may be used for either the Private or the home folders.

Desktop Ubuntu is the distribution that is most often used for personal computers, laptops, and other electronic devices. It has all of the characteristics of the Unix operating system, in addition to having a graphical user interface (GUI) that can be personalized, and it is very popular in academic and research organizations.

Main Differences Between Fedora and Ubuntu in Points

 

  • Red Hat and RHEL are the ones in charge of managing Fedora's distribution system. Debian is in charge of managing Ubuntu's underlying distribution system.
  • A wide variety of package managers, including RPM, DNF, Flatpak, OSTree, and others, are included in Fedora. A variety of package managers are included in Ubuntu, including APT, DEB, Click packages, pkg, Snap, and others.
  • Red Hat, IBM, and IBM's subsidiary companies are responsible for the development and maintenance of Fedora. Canonical Ltd. assists Ubuntu, which is created by the Debian project.
  • There is just one discussion forum for Fedora, and that is ask.fedoraproject.org. There are two places where people may debate Ubuntu online: askubuntu.com and ubuntuforums.org.
  • Fedora utilizes an Anaconda installation. While Ubuntu makes use of an installer called Ubiquity.
  • In contrast to Ubuntu, which uses the Unity desktop environment, Fedora provides the GNOME desktop. Although they are similar in some ways, the user experiences provided by each are rather distinct from one another.
  • The significant difference between Debian and Ubuntu is that Ubuntu uses software packages derived from one of Debian's branches, whereas Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux originated from a split in the original distribution of Red Hat Linux, which resulted in the creation of Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
  • Spins are available for both Ubuntu and Fedora. For instance, you might obtain Fedora with KDE or Ubuntu with KDE. Both of these combinations are possible. Whereas things are different, the fundamental difference between Fedora and Ubuntu is that Fedora generally supports independent desktop environments, such as KDE, while Ubuntu transfers these projects to others to maintain.

Conclusion

Fedora and Ubuntu are both members of the same family of organizations that develop Linux. Both of these endeavors are for the community. Desktop computers, personal computers, and laptops almost universally use Ubuntu as their operating system of choice. The popularity of Fedora is lower than that of Ubuntu, and it is now in the fourth position. Every six months, both of them release the newest edition of their software. Software support for Ubuntu is provided for 18 months, however, support for Fedora software is only provided for 13 months.

Both are operating systems, and their desktop distribution performance is equally impressive. Both have their characteristics as well as ecosystems. Ubuntu is more compatible with other systems since it may be used in any environment. However, Fedora is the greatest option for administrators and developers since it has a more streamlined environment.

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