Remember the old days when commercial services, such as the exchange of goods and services for money, took place solely in a conventional way, i.e., the client had to travel to the market, look at the range of products, pick the needed items, and pay the prescribed amount. People can now buy things, make a bill payment, and transfer funds with a single click, thanks to the introduction of e-Commerce. The economy, in general, is a fundamental foundation of every nation and the globe at large. In simple terms, it is the exchange of commodities, services, products, and on a broad scale between enterprises or nations. The initial study of the bartering system was described in the Harappan civilizations and comparable historical periods, implying that this method of commodities trading has existed since the dawn of civilization.
Conventional commerce, a more traditional company approach, comprises commercial encounters or information exchange, buying or selling products/services from person to person without the use of the internet. People currently dislike this since it takes time and necessitates a physical approach to doing business. E-commerce, on the other hand, refers to commercial transactions or information exchange, purchasing or selling product/services electronically through the internet, and is a newer business model that comes under e-business. People currently value this since it saves time and removes the necessity for a physical venue to do business. In addition, everything is possible with a laptop, smartphone, and access to the internet.
Despite the evolutionary time, we now have the simple barter system, foreign exchange committees, stock markets, cryptocurrencies, and so on. All of these factors are important in both conventional and e-commerce. Several individuals favor traditional trade over e-Commerce because they believe the latter is unsafe; nevertheless, this is a misconception. Because both modalities have advantages and disadvantages, we have reduced the distinction between conventional commerce and e-Commerce.
Traditional Commerce vs. E-Commerce
E-commerce is the process of trading products and services in a digital format in which payment for goods and services is made electronically. E-Commerce is a type of online shopping market in which clients can buy products and services from the comfort of their own homes, including a few discounts, and the things will be delivered to their door. Traditional commerce is the process of directly trading products and services for money. Traditional commerce entails negotiating with all parties face to face and in-person to exchange products and services at predetermined pricing. The primary distinction between conventional commerce and e-commerce is that the former refers to the exchange or a commercial transaction of products, data, and other services, usually done face-to-face. The latter is completed totally through the internet since the same marketing of commodities, etc., is achieved through the internet.
Difference Between Traditional Commerce and E-commerce in Tabular Form
|Parameter Of Comparison||Traditional Commerce||E-Commerce|
|Transactional procedure||The buyer and seller conduct a direct transaction.||A transaction that takes place between the buyer and the seller in an indirect manner.|
|Functionality||Only when the business is open, and consequently only at specific periods of the day.||The websites are operational 24 hours a day, seven days a week.|
|Meaning||Traditional commerce refers to business transactions or the transfer of ideas and the buying and selling of goods and services from person to person without the use of the internet.||E-commerce refers to business interactions or the sharing of information and the purchase or sale of goods or services over the internet.|
|Procedure||It is challenging to create and sustain standard procedures in conventional trade.||It is simple to create and sustain standard procedures in e-commerce.|
|Connection||There is a direct connection between the vendor and the customer in traditional commerce.||E-commerce is the indirect connection between supplier and customer via electronic media and the internet.|
|Transaction||Manually Transactions||Automatic Transactions|
|Inspection||Before purchasing, goods can be physically inspected.||Physical inspection of goods before purchasing is not possible.|
|Interaction with customers||Face-to-face||Screen-to-face|
|Organizational scope||Restricted to a specific region.||Global coverage.|
|Interchange of information||
There is no standardized framework for information exchange.
|It provides a standardized framework for information exchange.|
|Forms of payment||Include cash, check, credit card, and others||Credit card, fund transfer, and so forth.|
What Is Traditional Commerce?
Traditional commerce dates back to the introduction of the barter system millions of years ago. Where money was not accessible at the time, the barter system defined the exchange of products for other goods rather than cash. This is where Traditional Commerce originated and continues to this day in the form of trading money rather than products. However, traditional trade has declined in popularity with the arrival of E-commerce in the early twentieth century. As previously described, conventional commerce refers to the activity of selling goods or services in person and via face-to-face transactions. This system has existed from the start of civilization; the first form of conventional trade was the barter system, in which people exchanged things because there was no currency such as money, etc. This has since grown, and we now find stores, shopping malls, and other establishments where people offer items to prospective consumers.
These enterprises are geographically limited and thus do not cater to a global clientele. The main advantage of conventional trade is that the buyer can see the goods or service's quality, fit, creativity, or whatever the case may be. The customer also feels a sense of brotherhood because they are directly supporting their local company and contributing to the town's growth. There are traditional companies in distant corners of the world where internet connectivity is limited or non-existent.
In more technical terms, commerce covers all actions facilitating the exchange of products and services from the maker to the end consumer. When manufactured commodities do not reach the client immediately; instead, they must transit through numerous activities classified as commerce. Its primary duty is to satisfy customer desires by making items available at the appropriate time and location.
What Is E-commerce?
E-commerce may save almost all of the time and money spent traveling and selecting things that may be reserved through e-commerce. Payments can be made using any digital channel, including credit cards, debit cards, wallets, and net banking. E-Commerce allows us to buy items around the clock without leaving our homes. In addition, E-commerce offers increased convenience in purchasing products and services.
E-Commerce is present in all four of the key market segments listed below. They are as follows:
- Business-to-business (B2B) refers to the direct selling of goods and services between companies.
- Business-to-consumer (B2C) sales involve transactions between firms and their customers.
- Consumer to consumer, individuals sell to one another, typically through a third-party site such as eBay.
- Individuals can sell to corporations through consumer-to-business transactions, such as an artist selling or licensing their artwork for use by a corporation.
Ecommerce's Benefits and Drawbacks
Consumers benefit from e-commerce in the following ways:
- First, E-commerce is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
- Increased product selection: Many shops provide a broader range of items online than in-store. Furthermore, many online-only companies may give the customers particular goods not accessible anywhere else.
However, there are several disadvantages to using eCommerce sites. The drawbacks are as follows:
- Customer service is limited: If you buy a computer online, you cannot simply ask an employee to show the characteristics of a particular model in person. And while some websites allow you to talk live with a staff member, this is not a common practice.
- Lack of immediate gratification: When you purchase something online, you must wait for it to be delivered to your home or workplace. However, e-tailers such as Amazon make the waiting game less agonizing by providing same-day delivery as a premium option for select purchases.
- Inability to touch things: Because online photographs do not always tell the complete story of an item, e-commerce transactions can be disappointing when the products acquired do not meet consumer expectations. For example, a piece of apparel may be constructed of a sturdier fabric than its web appearance suggests.
Main Difference Between Traditional Commerce and E-Commerce in Points
The following points are noteworthy so far as the difference between traditional commerce and e-commerce is concerned:
- Traditional commerce is a branch of business that focuses on exchanging goods and services and covers any activities that stimulate trade in some form. E-Commerce refers to the electronic exchange of business transactions or information through the internet.
- Transactions in conventional commerce are processed manually, but transactions in e-commerce are performed automatically. For example, only during working hours may products and services be exchanged for money in traditional trade. In contrast, in e-commerce, things may be bought and sold.
- One of the most significant disadvantages of e-commerce is that buyers cannot personally check the items before purchasing; however, if they do not like the goods after the delivery, they can return them within the time frame specified. In contrast, physical scrutiny of items is available in conventional trade.
- In conventional commerce, product delivery is almost always instant; however, in e-commerce, product delivery takes time.
- In conventional commerce, the seller must manage both the warehouse and the storefront to attract customers. Still, in e-commerce, they need to maintain the warehouse, and the website, once up and running, is relatively simple to maintain, provided they have technical competence.
- E-commerce offers many discounts and reduced prices; however, traditional commerce offers no or few discounts and alternatives other than approaching multiple sellers, which takes time.
- E-commerce offers good customer service in several ways, such as a chat option or a direct conversation with a customer care professional, but traditional commerce does not.
- E-commerce allows customers to return things if they are not interested or like them within 7 – 15 days, depending on the vendor. Still, traditional commerce does not allow such returns unless the object is damaged.
- E-commerce offers an extensive range of items regardless of brand or product category. Still, traditional commerce has a limited amount of products with a specific seller due to space constraints.
- Payment for transactions can be made in cash, check, or credit card. Payment in e-commerce transactions, on the other hand, can be made via online payment methods such as credit cards, money transfers, and so on.
- With conventional commerce, products are delivered immediately; however, in e-commerce, goods have been given to the customer's location after some time, generally within a week.
- Information sharing in E-Commerce takes several forms, such as digital advertisements or emails. In contrast, knowledge transfer in Traditional Commerce takes the shape of hoardings, pamphlet distribution, or any tangible communication medium.
- Because there is no set platform for information sharing in conventional trade, businesses must rely entirely on intermediaries for information. Unlike e-Commerce, where there is a universal platform for information transmission, e-communication channels reduce reliance on people for information.
Ecommerce is only one aspect of establishing an online business. While the latter refers to the complete process of conducting business online, eCommerce merely refers to selling products and services via the internet. Ecommerce giants such as Amazon, Alibaba, and eBay have revolutionized the retail industry, compelling big, conventional merchants to modify their business practices. So, if you're thinking of creating an eCommerce site, make sure you do your homework beforehand. And, to guarantee that you have room to expand, begin with a modest, restricted focus. These are the primary distinctions between e-commerce and conventional commerce, and it is vital to remember that one cannot exist without the other. To put it another way, there is a need for both, and one cannot be a substitute for the other, and even if they are, they may be pricey or not environmentally sustainable in the long run.
As a result of the preceding debate, it is evident that both strategies have advantages and downsides. E-Commerce is similar to traditional commerce in that when you log in to the website, you enter the e-world for shopping, where you select a category and requirements and obtain the required results. However, E-commerce is not appropriate for perishable commodities or high-value things, and conventional commerce is unsuitable for acquiring software or music.