The words may, might, and must denote certainty words or modal verbs. This indicates the power, attitude, or influence towards the listener when saying these modal verbs. It denotes how certain you are about something to do, purchase, or give. It can express the speaker's attitude in a conversation. The speaker must use these verbs based on his prior experience or based on a general rule that is usually followed by all of the population. The latter includes the official setup that has proper standards and obligations to follow in order.
In day-to-day live conservation, there is frequently overlap between the words. The overlap may not be considered an error and is dependent on the sentence conditions. However, the wrong usage of sentences may be of more concern. However, its proper usage can create a better understanding and impact on the listener about the strength of the speaker's attitude and intentions. If the reporter says, "it must rain tonight," instead of "it might rain tonight," you are most likely to get drenched on the latter.
Might vs. Must
‘Might’ denote a possible influence on the other person, but the decision remains a choice. A person only tends to offer advice on a better option, suggest, or request the use of might.
‘Must’ indicate a warning that may have real consequences.
There are many synonyms for "might," like "could," "shall", may," etc. The words that could overlap the use of ‘must’ can be "should," "have to," "mandatory," "compulsory," etc.
The negative forms for each word are "might not" and "must not." However, the latter is very rarely used in daily conversations.
Differences Between ‘Might’ and ‘Must’ in Tabular Form
|Suggestion, and more friendly
|Obligation, Instructional, or mandatory.
|To give someone the best options or better advice, suggestion, request, or permission to decide on something.
|Usually, used in an official workup where every system follows a set of rules and regulations to which you have to abide to. It demands an emphasized action in response. It may indicate a warning or something that can forbid your actions, or create consequences later.
|Denotes possibility, hope, and more.
|The approach is an emphasizing, or mandating approach.
|A fifty percent chance.
|Ninety five percent surety.
|Synonyms or overlapping usage
|Could, shall, may, etc.
|Should, have to, compulsory, mandatory, etc.
|Impact on the Listener
|The impact is relatively high as the tone is that of suggestiveness. The listener may decide how or when it should be done. It has a very relaxing effect on the listener. The majority of the time, informal or unofficial use is observed.
|It is certainly reduced as "must" usually indicates something that must be done immediately, within a timeline, or following a general standard of instructions that cannot be changed or altered. It can emphasize or forbid the listener to take an action.
|She might shine in the art show. She might have slept already. The boy might have been severely hurt after the fall.
You must be at your classes by eight in the morning. You must all have the requirements while attending the sessions. She must have taken the car keys to her office.
What is 'Might'?
‘Might’ is a modal verb denoting certainty, usually used as the past tense of the word 'may'. Although there may be some overlap in the usage of these words, it is unlikely to cause significant confusion. However, proper use can transmit the strength of intention or instruction to the listener in the best possible way. It denotes a possibility or a set of expectations. Usually conveys a positive message, or indicating a suggestion, condition, or request, possibly. It could also be used to give, or take permission for action from someone.
Overlapping synonyms used may be a problem.
This word may be used to express various interests.
Using ‘Might’ in interrogative use.
- Might I have the papers that were signed yesterday?
- Might I ask who the chief guests are for today’s occasion?
- Might I ask your age, lady?
Implicating a Request
- Might I answer the question?
- Might I use your pen, please?
- Might I take you out on a date?
Affirmative sentence with half certainty.
- I might go out after dinner.
- Tina might have gotten stuck in the traffic.
- She might be hungry
- He might be feeling cold.
- Your keys might be in the key holder.
- I might have left my phone at work.
Providing a suggestion or piece of advice
- This profession might improve her interaction with her colleagues.
- Keep this pen. It might be of your use.
- You might take the umbrella; it is on the corner shelf.
Consequences of criticism in an action
- You might have finished learning before.
- All of you might have organized your classrooms before the principal arrived for check-in.
Common errors in the use of "might" in sentences
We should not use "might" to denote ability; instead, we should use "can" or "could."
I might play outside because I feel better now.
The above sentence is wrong and should be used as given instead.
Can I play outside because I feel much better now?
I might drive and take the patient to the emergency room.
Instead, it should be said as a given.
I could drive the patient to the emergency room.
I might swim if I fall into the water.
I can swim if I fall into the water.
What is 'Must'?
The word ‘Must’ has a more authoritative approach to tasks that must be completed or completed within a specific time frame provides the least amount of freedom and decision-making in how to do it, as well as a time limit. This word occupies first position in the verb phrase.
It indicates a more mandatory purpose and is usually associated with referring to a set of rules that must be followed by everyone doing the same.
It is usually used for present or future references made in a conversation. It can encourage you to do something, or forbid you from doing something. It can give a positive affirmation that should be true and may concern you later. Hence, it usually demands a response or action in response to its usage in a conversation.
This word may be used
- To share recommendations or advice.
- To encompass the truth to the listener.
- To advise, or implicate an obligation.
- It can also be used in interrogative forms.
Must I submit the assignment before Monday?
Must I have a leave letter if I take an absence today?
Often replaced by ‘have to’, ‘should’, etc.
-The negative form of the verb can be used to deny some actions.
The negative form of the verb must not be written as must not be replaced by cannot, don't, shouldn’t, etc.
Other uses could be:
It implies an obligation to follow.
- You must cross the road only when the traffic lights turn green.
- The card must be activated by the time I reach the airport.
- You must drive safely.
- You must speak to the elderly with respect.
- You must not leave any trash behind.
To intend a recommendation.
- You must purchase one of these. They are really useful.
- This restaurant is a must-try for the foreigners in town.
- You must study hard to become a good doctor.
- Shoes in a size six must fit you well.
To denote a high chance, or truth possibly,
- There must be someone behind it.
- The hotel stay must be worthwhile enough.
- International Women’s Day must be a holiday. It’s on March 23rd.
- 4. It must be tidy in the hospital room allocated to us.
Common errors in the usage of "must" in these sentences are possible.
1. You should try this outfit. It’s your size.
This is better expressed as, 'You must try this outfit.’
2. The final edited files should be submitted before tonight.
The final edited files must be submitted before tonight.
3. You should cross the road at the zebra crossing only.
You must cross the road by zebra crossing only.
The Main Differences Between Might and Must in Points
The tone used is usually a result of chance or a probability that is nearly half that. It presents more of a relaxing tone to the listener. In this case, the probability of a guess coming true is fifty-fifty, so it may not be that concerning. Whereas, must imply that which is intended on absolute knowledge and is something that may concern the consequences of an action. Denotes a regulation to follow, or demands an obligated action or response from the listener. The tone may be more authoritative and encompassing to the listener.
The usage in sentences provides the listener with possible options or choices, mostly derived from prior experience or a near-guess, with a certainty of nearly fifty percent. It can be false too.
Whereas must denote a near-ninety percent certainty. Typically, used to denote an action that must be completed immediately, and of critical importance. It indicates an action that is mandatory or compulsory to be done, usually an instruction or general regulation to be followed.
The approach to using the word "might" vary depending on the sentence used.
For example, the sentence "You might reach in time,". Here, it indicates an affirmation of hope made. On the other hand, the sentence "You might succeed" suggests an equal chance of failing or winning.
The approach is given in the usage of "must" is an authoritative or mandating approach. It encompasses the force behind an action.
It can insist on the following of instruction, thereby meaning an authoritative approach.
‘Must’ denote a surety of about ninety percent. That is, it usually implies an obligation or is close to the truth.
‘Might’ denote a surety, or certainty of only about 50%., hence, used to implicate a message that the speaker may or may not be sure exactly about. It refers to a likely chance of a result, suggestion, or advice that the speaker provides based on prior experience, news, or an article that the speaker has previously heard about. The speaker may have only vague knowledge about the affirmations he makes while in conversation.
Use of synonyms or overlapping words
Words that have similar meanings to "might" are "may," "possibly," "probably," "shall," "could, etc.
Other synonyms that can be used as an alternative to "must" are "should," "have to," "to do," "mandatory," "compulsory" to do, etc.
Impact on the Listener
"Must" usage in conversation encompasses an immediate response made as a result of the conversation.
On the other hand, "might" provides the listener with choices and advice that the speaker uses in his experience, has only heard of, or is not exactly sure about.
- She might ask me on a date.
- It might rain tonight.
- I might have left my keys in the drawer.
- Might I join you for the camp?
- There might be a holiday next week.
- Alice might not be in the classes today.
- You might reach it early in the morning.
- You must arrive early for the classes.
- You must have completed your work before the deadlines.
- She must be lying.
- The latte they provide here is a must-try.
- Every adult must have eight glasses of water daily.
- She must be busy with all the audits coming soon.
- The police must have caught the culprit.
- Leon must have died from the abuse.
- Mary must be angry with me after that fight.
These auxiliary verbs that are modals of certainty show how sure you are about something. The word "might" may indicate an affirmation nearly true and can be used to intend a negative form, request form, or interrogative form, indicating suggestions, possibilities, or criticism depending on the sentence conditions of usage. On the other hand, they must either force a response or forbid an action. The word ‘Must’ usage is more common during formal conversations. It implicates an obligation, regulation, or instruction that must be followed immediately.
With greater certainty, it is usually more concerning and necessitates an immediate response from the listener. It may be an obligation for the listener to follow the speaker. Whereas, the word ‘Might’ provide the listener with suggestions, advice, or choices that he decides to make, or not. It does not emphasize an action. Despite the word usage, the message must be clear and appropriate. The overlapping of these modal words is common in everyday usage, but experts recommend proper usage to convey the actual intense intention or certainty in something you say.