Difference Between Limited Liability Company (LLC) and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: September 07, 2022

       

Difference Between Limited Liability Company (LLC) and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) Difference Between Limited Liability Company (LLC) and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

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Introduction

The LLC and LLP are the two most common and adaptable types of corporate organization. Most people believe these two entities, which have the characteristics of a general partnership and a company, are the same. In an LLP, the partnership agreement governs the internal governance structure, but in an LLC, the relevant legislation governs the same. The administration of the LLP is carried out by the partners themselves, while the Board of Directors is in charge of the business operations of the LLC.

Furthermore, because any or both of the two exist in many different nations, the jurisdiction we are discussing is significant in separating the two entities. It would be important if you comprehended the entire ramifications of each before establishing your startup as a limited liability corporation (LLC) or limited liability partnership (LLP). Limited liability partnerships (LLP) and limited liability companies (LLCs) combine elements of partnerships and corporations. The two business forms differ regarding management needs, liability defenses, liability insurance requirements, and tax advantages. The standards frequently vary vastly amongst states. The organizational structure you decide on for your business might have significant long-term effects.

The two most popular and flexible company forms are LLCs and LLPs. However, since these two combine the traits of a partnership business and a corporation, most people mistake them for being the same organization. Therefore, before starting your firm, you should be well aware of the distinctions between an LLC and an LLP Company, as well as their responsibilities and advantages.

Limited Liability Company LLC Vs. Limited Liability Partnership LLP

The primary distinction between Limited Liability Company LLC and Limited Liability Partnership LLP is the need for a minimum of one member to establish an LLC. On the other hand, to establish an LLP, two members are required. The initials "LLC" must appear at the end of the name of the limited liability business. The initials "LLP" must be added to the end of the limited liability partnership's name. Limited Liability Company (LLC) vs. Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) An LLC is an abbreviation for a form of corporation that protects its owners from being held personally liable for the debts or obligations of the business.

A hybrid firm, a limited liability company (LLC), combines the benefits of a corporation with those of a partnership or a sole proprietorship. An LLC may have as owners corporations, people, foreign entities, or other LLCs.A sort of alternative business structure known as an LLP provides its participants with limited liability and low compliance costs. Additionally, it enables the partners to design their internal organization the same way they would in a typical partnership. It is a company that has legal authority over all of its assets. An LLP is owned by its members, who are accountable for specific duties such as upholding the partnership contract.

Difference Between  Limited Liability Company  And Limited Liability Partnership in Tabular Form

Table: Limited Liability Company LLC Vs. Limited Liability Partnership LLP
Parameters Of Comparison
Limited Liability Company LLC
Limited Liability Partnership LLP
Definition
An LLC is a tightly held business entity that combines the characteristics of a corporation and a partnership
.
In an LLP, a partner's responsibility is strictly capped to the amount of the investment.
Ownership
Members
Partners
Liability
The members' liability is capped at the outstanding balance on the shares they own.
The partners' collective liability is capped to the number of their respective contributions.
Charter statement
Association Memorandum and Articles
Agreement for a Limited Liability Partnership
Minimum members
One or more
Two or more
Suffix
The word "LLC" is inserted after the name of the entity.
The suffix "LLP" is appended to the entity's name.
Accountancy books
Maintaining on an accrual basis
Can select whether to keep their accounting on a cash or accrual basis.
Existence
Have a finite lifespan.
Perpetual succession.

What Is Limited Liability Company LLC?

A legal entity is a limited liability company (LLC) that combines a corporation's limited liability protection with a partnership's tax advantages and is popular among small enterprises. The members of an LLC might be one or more who can be businesses, people, foreign entities, or other LLCs. Remember that not every business may function as an LLC, so verify your state laws.

For example, the banking and insurance sectors are generally forbidden from creating an LLC, and several jurisdictions, such as California and Nevada, prevent licensed professionals - accountants, architects, attorneys, and physicians - from joining an LLC. However, in most jurisdictions, save California, licensed professionals who seek the same benefits as an LLC can organize a professional limited liability corporation (PLLC).

Process Of LLC

The business vehicle has the feature of limited liability, which means that the members of the LLC are not individually accountable for the company's conduct or obligations. Creditors cannot utilize the members' personal property to recoup their debts in this manner. Furthermore, flow-through taxes eliminates the cascading impact, as gains are taxed only once, in the hands of the members. The owners disclose the firm income and losses on their tax returns.

A single member is required to form a limited liability corporation, and the maximum number of members is unlimited. Single-member LLCs and multi-member LLCs are the two forms of LLCs. Its lifespan is limited because the company is closed down when a member leaves the organization. The remaining partners can then decide whether to continue with a new LLC or separate ways. The owners of an LLC can collectively decide on the profit distribution ratio.

Limited Liability Company Formation

  • Select a legal company name that is available in your state.
  • File Articles of Organization (as they are often known) and pay the filing fees required by the state.
  • Although not required, an Operating Agreement outlining the rights and duties of the LLC's members is recommended.
  • For a few weeks, advertise your desire to incorporate an LLC in a local newspaper. Unfortunately, this criterion is only applicable in a few states.
  • After completing all of the requirements, a formal LLC is created. First, all appropriate licenses and permissions must be obtained to conduct the firm.

Benefits of a Limited Liability Company

  • There are no double taxes with pass-through income taxation. The LLC owners file their tax returns; they do not need to file the LLC's tax returns, avoiding double taxation unless taxed as a C Corp.
  • In comparison to other companies, LLCs have fewer rules.
  • Depending on the state legislation, the members of the LLC have partial or complete protection from the LLC's conduct and liabilities.
  • In comparison, there is less paperwork and record-keeping.
  • Members may prepare for income and taxation since there is flexibility in how they are taxed.
  • A single natural person can form an LLC if the state does not prohibit it.

The Drawbacks of a Limited Liability Company

  • LLCs may or may not need to follow certain legal procedures and have a set operating procedure. Few people would be interested in investing in the same. As investors consider the goodwill and their maximum and secure profits now and in the future, the LLC may confront several financial challenges.
  • The LLC may close down and either join another business structure or start a new one. As a result, there is a significant financial outlay and a violation of confidentiality and security issues.
  • The lack of transparency in the organizational system may be advantageous to some. Unclarity, on the other hand, is always undesirable in some way.
  • Because several titles (manager, member, managing member, partner, chief executive, etc.) are used in LLC for different people, misunderstandings may arise. The confusion may stem from who has which power and who may enter into commitments or act on behalf of the LLC.
  • If the creator of the LLC wants to be publicly traded, the LLC is not the right choice.
  • Members of an LLC may be required to pay self-employment tax in various states.

What Is Limited Liability Partnership LLP?

A limited liability partnership (LLP) is a type of legal entity. Professional firms such as attorneys and accountants typically employ limited liability partnerships, but they can also be an excellent fit for other types of enterprises. A limited liability partnership (LLP) is a legal entity distinct from its members, who are entirely liable for the capital they invest and personal commitments. The partnership has been registered with Companies House and may only be used by profitable businesses. An LLP requires at least a minimum of two members and has no maximum number of partners. The specified partners' roles and obligations are regulated by law and governed by a contract or agreement between partners. An individual, firm, or another LLP can create and agree to a partnership.

Professionals who use LLPs cherish their reputation highly. Most LLPs are founded and managed by a group of specialists with considerable knowledge and clients. By combining resources, the partners lower company expenditures while increasing the LLP's potential to expand. Office space, staff, and other resources can be shared. Most significantly, decreasing costs enables the partners to gain more from their joint efforts than they would individually.

Process Of LLP

To form a limited liability partnership, two or more people must join forces to conduct a legitimate business, profit from it, sign their names to the registration paperwork, and submit it to the state's competent body. The LLP agreement is the primary contract that defines the rights, obligations, and duties of the partners as individuals and the LLP.

The Key Characteristics of a Limited Liability Partnership

  1. An LLP is a body corporate: An LLP is a body corporate constituted and incorporated (LLP Act), according to Section 3 of the Act. Accordingly, it is a separate legal entity from its partners.
  2. Perpetual Succession: Unlike a general partnership, a limited liability partnership can continue to exist even when one or more partners retire, go insane, become bankrupt, or die. It can also engage in contracts and own property in its name.
  3. Separate Legal Entity:  Much as a corporation or a firm. Furthermore, it is entirely answerable for its assets. In addition, the partner's liability is limited in their contribution to the LLP. As a result, the LLP's creditors are not the creditors of individual partners.
  4. Artificial Legal Person: LLP is an artificial legal person for all legal purposes. It is created via a legal process and has all of the rights of an individual. It is intangible, invisible, and everlasting, but it is not fake since it exists.
  5. Common Seal: The LLP can have a common seal if the partners agree [Section 14(c)]. However, it is not required. The seal must be kept in the hands of a competent official. Furthermore, the common seal can only be attached in the presence of at least two authorized LLP partners.

Advantages of an LLP

The following are the benefits of forming an LLP :

  • No minimum capital need- There is no minimum capital requirement with an LLP.
  • The number of business owners is unrestricted. An LLP has at least a minimum of two partners and has no maximum partner requirement.
  • Lower registration costs- LLP registration is less expensive than creating a private or public limited business.
  • No mandatory audit- All firms, whether private or public, regardless of share capital, must have their accounts audited. However, there is no such necessity and usefulness in the case of LLP.
  • Taxation of LLPs- LLPs are regarded the same as partnership firms for income tax purposes. Thus, the LLP is required to pay income tax, but the partners' shares in the LLP are not.

Disadvantages of LLP

  • Noncompliance Penalty- Even if an LLP has no activity, it must file an income tax return and an MCA annual return each year.
  • Inability to Make Equity Investments- Unlike a corporation, an LLP does not have the idea of equity or shareholding.
  • As a result, most LLPs would have to rely on the promoter and debt capital.
  • Higher Income Tax Rate- A firm with a turnover of up to Rs.250 crores pays 25% income tax. (Further decreased in 2019 for new manufacturing enterprises.) On the other hand, LLPs are taxed at a 30% rate regardless of turnover.

Main Difference Between Limited Liability Company LLC And Limited Liability Partnership LLP in Points

  • A limited liability company (LLC) is a privately owned firm with corporation and partnership characteristics. In contrast, an LLP is a type of partnership in which each partner's liability is limited to the amount of money they invest.
  • The members of an LLC own the company, whereas the partners own the LLP.
  • The income tax, dividend distribution tax, and alternative minimum tax are all taxes that an LLC must pay. Still, the LLP is just accountable for taxes and the alternative minimum tax.
  • A limited liability corporation's books are handled on an accrual basis; LLPs, however, are permitted to maintain their accounts on either a cash or accrual basis.
  • A minimum of one member is necessary to form an LLC. On the other hand, an LLP requires a minimum of two members to be formed.
  • A limited liability corporation must have the letter "LLC" at the end of its name. Similarly, the limited liability partnership must include "LLP" at the end of its name.
  • A limited liability company's records are maintained on an accrual basis. Unlike an LLP, which can opt to keep their books on a cash or accrual basis.
  • An LLC's existence is limited because the business will dissolve if any member dies or leaves the organization. In contrast, an LLP has an endless succession.

Conclusion

To form an LLC, at least one member is necessary. On the other hand, an LLP requires a minimum of two members to be formed. A limited liability corporation must have the letter "LLC" at the end of its name. Similarly, the limited liability partnership must include "LLP" at the end of its name. A limited liability company keeps its financial records on an accrual basis. Unlike an LLP, which can opt to keep their books on a cash or accrual basis. An LLC's existence is limited because the business will dissolve if any member dies or leaves the organization.

In contrast, an LLP has an endless succession. While there are some parallels between LLCs and LLPs, there are also some significant distinctions. To begin with, every state permits the creation of an LLC. Only around 40 states, including Texas, permit the creation of an LLP. The vast majority of LLPs are professional corporations. LLCs cover all types of enterprises. However, one of the most significant and crucial distinctions between an LLP and an LLC is how the businesses are administered.

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"Difference Between Limited Liability Company (LLC) and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)." Diffzy.com, 2022. Sun. 27 Nov. 2022. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-limited-liability-company-llc-and-985>.



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