Difference Between Factory and Industry

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Factory and Industry

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These are popular business terms that are frequently misunderstood. The terms factory and industry are both used to refer to manufacturing facilities. Factories and industries are responsible for creating an object or a product that will eventually reach wholesalers, retailers, and customers. They are utilized in huge quantities in proportion to their size.

The production of economic commodities and services is referred to as "industry," whereas a "factory" is a location where goods are created or manufactured. Although both are involved in the economic process, the industry has a broader reach than a factory.

Even though factories and industries are entwined in the growth of a country's or state's economy, there is a substantial distinction between the two. A manufacturing plant is referred to as a factory. Within an economy, the industry refers to the production of a substance or a service. The key distinction between a factory and an industry is this. Though we commonly refer to industries when discussing the economy as a whole, the manufacturing process takes place within factories. As a result, a factory is quite crucial. If we want to learn more about the variations between factories and industries, we need to understand certain other features.

Factory vs. Industry

Several components, including labor, capital, resources, and other economic agents, are required for the creation, exchange, distribution, and consumption of goods and services in our economy.

 It is also reliant on several economic sectors or industries. Until the industrial revolution, which prepared the way for broad kinds of agriculture and the growth of the mining, construction, and manufacturing industries, the economy was mostly focused on subsistence farming. The economy of today is more complex, and it is based on technology, making it more advanced and modern. Services and finance continue to play important roles in its growth and development, but the industry remains the most important.

The creation of economic products, whether material or service, is referred to as "industry." A factory is a location designated for the production of various commercial items. A factory, also known as a manufacturer or a manufacturing plant, is a place where workers manually or with the help of equipment process items. Large mills and workshops were used to make items in ancient economies such as China, Rome, and the Middle East. The Venice Arsenal, a factory in the Republic of Venice built in 1104, was recognized for being the first manufacturing unit to mass construct ships.

Today, various manufacturing plants or factories manufacture a wide range of items, from the tiniest computer chips to the largest ships and airplanes. A normal factory employs people and laborers, as well as capital to get it up and operating, and the plant itself, which produces commodities. Factory and industry play a critical role in an economy's development and expansion. One cannot exist without the other, and an economy will suffer as a result of their absence.

Both involve people, money, and raw materials, but the industry also includes services such as those provided by hospitals, stores, transportation, and other service sectors, whereas a factory only produces goods such as food processing, vehicle production, and building materials for our homes, among other things. The fundamental distinction between a factory and an industry is that a factory refers to a physical location or site that produces or makes things or interacts with business procedures, whereas an industry refers to a collection of businesses that are entrusted with manufacturing and/or providing services.

The phrase "factory" refers to a location where people make products, usually with the help of machinery. These are locations or sites where any business procedures are carried out. Factories are classified as industries and are hence a more limited idea than their counterparts. A more straightforward definition of the phrase is that factory refers to a single term. The term "industry" refers to the job or process of producing goods in factories. They include any businesses that produce the same product or use the same material. As a result, the term "industry" was coined to be recognized and understood as a concept. The concept encompasses much more than factories. As a result, the phrase "industry" refers to the entire industry.

Difference Between Factory and Industry in Tabular Form

Parameters of comparison Factory Industry
Explanation A factory is a site or area where goods are manufactured using machines. The term "industry" refers to the manufacturing process in factories.
Usage The primary goal of factories is to make it easier to produce consumer goods. Industries aid in the classification of various enterprises as well as the calculation of gross domestic product (GNP).
Concept Factories are classified as industries. The term "industry" refers to a concept or a notion.
Variants Electronics, steel, pharmaceuticals, gasoline, and so on. Primary, secondary, and tertiary education. The term "quaternary" is sometimes used to describe a period.
Scope A factory's scope is limited. In comparison, the industry has a broader scope.

What is a Factory?

A factory is a single structure or a group of buildings where items are produced or made. These items are made with the use of machinery and human labor. The goods created as a result have a monetary worth. As a result, a permanent location is sought for the manufacture of value-added items. The factory is the name given to the location or site where the items are manufactured. A factory is also known as a manufacturing plant or a producer. Laborers are expected to make things using raw materials or assemble products using a variety of machinery inside factories.

Factories also play an important role in fostering good relations between owners and employees or laborers. This is required for the factory's proper operation for the production process to continue without interruption. With the Industrial Revolution, factories gained traction as the world began to want more commodities in larger quantities. This necessitated an increase in the number of factories.

Factories contribute to the manufacture of goods, consumables, and products for final or intermediate use, which in turn adds to the country's GNP and growth and development. Factory production is the only way to go. This gives rise to a wide range of factory types. Diverse factories are made up of different sectors, such as pharmaceuticals, fertilizers, and electricals.

A factory is a location where an economy's production process takes place. It is what propels the economy forward. Consider a garment factory, for example. The preparation of clothing takes place in a garment factory. This could be anything from weaving fabrics to making ready-to-wear clothing. Factories gather resources for the manufacture of goods, such as workers, capital, and machinery. Warehouses are another feature that distinguishes factories. Warehouses are used to store large equipment that is required for the production of goods.


  • Because of the intense procedures utilized in factory farming, the products become inexpensive.
  • People are employed in large numbers by factory farms.
  • Factory farms also help to alleviate food wastage.
  • The products are made and sold at a reasonable cost.


  • Factories generate a lot of garbage, which can pollute the environment.
  • Due to industry, the rivers, air, and environs are heavily polluted.
  • Chemicals are manufactured in large quantities in plants.
  • Strenuous employment can result in serious injuries, long shifts, and other problems for workers.

What is the Industry?

An industry is a term that refers to a group of businesses that are responsible for creating goods and delivering services. Simply put, they list all of the companies that produce the same product. A concept of a notion is a total of industries. As a result, they play a crucial role in the formulation of various economic theories. They belong to the discipline of economics that deals with the production of products, services, and raw resources. Industries have a broader spectrum and reach due to their collective designation and the idea of a notion or concept. In their orbit, there are factories as well. The potential of the industry to increase people's living standards is seen as its fundamental goal.

They also add to the country's economic situation. As a result, they play a critical role in growing GNP. Industries supply goods and services, and they are also where these items are manufactured. Industries aid in raising productivity and lowering manufacturing costs. Primary, secondary, and tertiary are the three major types that can be classed or separated. These deal with various items and the factories that produce them. The industry is often referred to as quaternary.

In the context of the economy, the term "industry" might refer to one of two things. To begin with, an industry is a collection of businesses that generate the same product or service. Consider the apparel industry, for example. The entire industry revolves around the production of clothing. Second, the industry is organized into various sectors. It is separated into four sectors: basic, intermediate, postsecondary, and quad.

The primary sector is concerned with extracting resources from the Earth. This encompasses a variety of activities such as mining, farming, and logging. We have enterprises in the secondary sector that are active in refining the products provided by primary industries such as farming. Meat processing, for example, is one example of how the primary product of meat gets refined. We can only see services in the tertiary sector. These services include doctors, lawyers, managers, and other professions where the product is intangible since it is a service. We have science and technology research in the quaternary sector, where people are active in making the economy more efficient by discovering new ways to develop things.

The terms "economics" and "factory" are often used interchangeably. People go from one area of the industry to the next depending on the economy of a given region or country. Industries take advantage of the economy's expansion to expand. As a result, if a country is to develop in size, it must have a proper blend of both factories and industries. Steel manufacturers, for instance, would stimulate a region's or state's economy. This, in turn, would pave the path for the steel industry's growth and improvement in the specific industrial sector. As a result, the region or state moves from one sector to the next.


  • He has increased his production. Technology assists in completing more work in less time.
  • Industries have seen an increase in inefficiency.
  • The workers will be able to exchange their knowledge of various technology.
  • Products and production costs are reduced in industries.
  • Workers are given opportunities for innovation.


  • Workers may be subjected to unfavorable working conditions on occasion.
  • Low wages, child slavery, and other issues can be seen in industries.
  • Enterprises, like manufacturers, pollute the environment.
  • Industries also generate a significant amount of garbage.

Main Differences Between Factory and Industry in Points

  • A factory is a site or a location where goods are manufactured with the help of machines. A cluster of related factories or producers is referred to as an industry.
  • Industries can be used to categorize all factories. On the other hand, the term "industry" refers to a concept or idea.
  • Factories are thought to have a limited scope. Industries, on the other hand, have a broader scope.
  • Job shops, electronics, metal, chemicals, petroleum, and other industries are examples of factories. Types of industries include primary, secondary, postsecondary, and quaternary education.
  • Factories are locations that are physically present. Industries are ethereal or abstract concepts.


Factory and industry are two phrases that are commonly used to describe the production, manufacture, and sale of goods and services. While a factory is a physical location or site where items are manufactured using machines and people, an industry is a collection of enterprises that make similar products. The goods created in a factory are sold within specific industries, and the resulting output contributes to the nation's growth and boosts its GNP. Factories are classified as industries, and as a result, they are restricted in scope. Because industries are a broader idea, they have a broader scope.



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"Difference Between Factory and Industry." Diffzy.com, 2023. Tue. 06 Jun. 2023. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-factory-and-industry-420>.

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