Difference Between Do and Does

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: September 07, 2022


Difference Between Do and Does Difference Between Do and Does

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Doing something is "carrying out, bringing about, performing, or executing." It describes actions taken in reaction to one's desires or those of another person. Because it is a transitive verb, a direct subject and an object are required. Here's an illustration: "You do the work." You are the subject in this sentence, and the direct object, "job," specifies what has to be done. The word "does" is used when a third person singular pronoun is present in the question. As in the following instances: "Does he go to the beach too? Why must it be so difficult? Instead of "do," the term "does" is used here. The present tense of the verb "do" in the third person singular is "does." It is used when speaking in the third person about someone or something. "She executes the work more successfully than he does," as an illustration.

We employ the verbs do, does, and did when discussing actions. Do and does are the verb's simple present tenses, whereas did is its simple past tenses. These are mainly employed to create negative and inquisitive statements. Do is used with I, us, you, and them as personal pronouns. The personal pronouns he, she, and it are nonetheless used with does. To better grasp the two, let's look at an example: Do as he says/She doesn't have any employment, but I do. Do is used at the beginning of the first example since it is an imperative statement, and does is also used in the third person. The emphasis is placed on "do" in the first person in the following example, and "does" is once more used in the third person to emphasize the second portion of the phrase.

In phrases that relate to a single person or thing, the verb "does" is used, as opposed to the verb "do," which refers to several people or things. For instance: "It looks good on you. They do seem well together. The word "do" is derived from the Middle English word "don," which in turn derives from the Old English word "turn," which means "to do." They come from the Latin verbs "dere," which means "to put," and "facere," which means "to make."It was originally used in the English language before the 12th century.

Do vs. Does

Do and Does vary primarily in that do is used as an auxiliary verb in simple present sentences with first and third person singular as well as second and plural nouns, whereas does is exclusively used with third person singular nouns. Do can be used with first-person singular, first-person plural, second- and third-person singular, and third-person plural nouns in a sentence. Only third-person singular nouns are used with does. Does is it just another way to say "do," which still means the same thing when the suffix "-es" is added? Do is seldom used as the main verb in a phrase in the simple present tense. Its primary purpose is to demonstrate what or who carries out a duty or a regular operation. In some affirmative statements, the word "do" can be employed as an auxiliary verb to create a contradiction.

Do can also be used as a stand-in or auxiliary verb to indicate the main verb's voice, aspect, stress, or modality. As an illustration, say, "I do wish to go there." "Do" stresses the subject's desire to travel somewhere in this line. To minimize repetition, the word "do" is also employed as an assisting verb. Examples include: "They can run and play like children because of the workouts. Do it outdoors if you have to yell your lungs out. The primary usage of the verb do as an auxiliary verb is used to generate inquiries and negative phrases. The primary meaning of the verb "do" is "to complete an action." "A reference to the accomplishment of another," according to the dictionary definition of "does," Given that "does" is "do" in the third person singular present tense, both words essentially imply the same thing. The way each word is utilized makes a difference.

Difference Between Do And Does in Tabular Form

Table: Do vs. Does
Parameters Of Comparison
Do is an action verb frequently applied to create negative and ambiguous statements.
The verb "does" is in the third person singular present.
Imperative Phrases
Makes urgent sentences possible.
To make crucial phrases, it is not utilized.
Utilization of pronouns
I, you, they, these, those, and so on.
It, this, that, it's a she, etc.
The use of nouns
Multiple nouns
Single-word nouns
Do you attend a class every day?
Do you not possess manners?
Does she like me?
Ravi doesn't have a pen.

What Is Do?

Do is a well-known transitive verb in English that is frequently used to convey meanings like "performing," carrying out," "executing," "to perform," "to carry out," "to execute," etc. When referring to anything, the transitive verb "do" is used to denote whether the action was taken at the request of another person or on the person's initiative. When used in a phrase, the transitive verb "do" needs both a direct subject and an object. For example, can you perform this job? It is an example where "you" is the subject and "job" is the direct object that clarifies what must be done.

Additionally, it is utilized to create present and past tenses with emphasis, as in the sentence "Please do be careful." Additionally, it is employed in legal terminology, as in the following sentence: "I do at this moment proclaim that what I stated is true." Finally, the verb "do" can also be employed to generate inquiries in the present simple tense in phrases that pose a query. "Do I go to the beach too?" is an example.

Do is also a helpful verb to prevent repetition in specific instances. The task allows them to run around and play like children. As seen in the following example, the word "do" stresses in the present and past tenses: "Please do be on time." Do is frequently used in declarations and papers about the law, as seen by the following example: "I do at this moment proclaim that my statement is true." Do is frequently employed in the present simple tense to make queries using personal pronouns. "Do I also get the cake?"

When to Use DO

We must utilize DO whenever the pronouns I, you, we, or they refer to the subject.

USE Cases:

  • I have no idea where to go.
  • Do you possess any concert tickets?
  • Do you mind if I start smoking?
  • How much do you spend this Saturday on a haircut?
  • We do not have the resources to update our computer software.
  • Winners do things to make them successful that losers do not want to do.
  • I enjoy it. Therefore I do it.
  • Don't exalt the day before dusk.
  • What do you have?

To construct interrogative phrases:

  • Do you know who you are?
  • Do you get the message?

To construct negative phrases

  • She don't likely to attend the party, in my opinion.
  • They don't have any good pl to call the meeting.

To stress something in a positive statement, i.e., to add details concerning the primary verb:

  • You do seem sad today.
  • They do intend to launch their own company.

In approving or negative imperative statements, i.e., commands:

  • Don't let yourself go through the door.
  • Do your work.

Additionally, tag questions may be created using it.

  • I got to meet Shahrukh Khan at the performance, right?

To avoid using a verb or verb phrase more than once:

  • Would you like my assistance? Suzzane likes apples, as do you, so please do.

What Is Does?

The verb "do" conjugation is known as "does." The word "does" is used to signify to act, undertake, or carry out any task, whether at another person's or one's desire. In simple present phrases, the transitive verb is used with third-person singular nouns to create a variety of sentences. Does is just a verb form of the word "do," which also implies performing, acting, or engaging in any action or activity, either at one's own will or following the will of another. It is used in the third person to create a variety of phrases. Does also refers to carrying out a task. Only third-person singular nouns are used with the verb in the present tense. Look at the following two sentences.

  • He does that every day.
  • She does the action on his behalf.

The word does exclusively used in the third person singular in both phrases. However, since the third person may be used in three different ways—as in, "he, she, or it"—all three have the same verbal ending, "does." This is a crucial point to note regarding how the word “does” is used.

When To Use DOES

DOES must be used when the subject is denoted by the pronouns he, she, or it.

Examples of DOES

  • It doesn't appear to be the proper route.
  • Does the work you do meet your expectations?
  • This shop doesn't accept credit.
  • When does the shop shut its doors?
  • She always does things the difficult way.
  • When does this train arrive in New York?
  • He does not understand the way.
  • The train does not stop in this city.
  • How long does your commute take?

Does can be used in interrogative statements to help them sound formal and significant.


  • Does he attend classes?
  • Does the device operate effectively?

Does can be employed in constructing negative sentences to emphasize the negative aspect of the statement a little more.


  • Marie doesn't want to spend her holiday in Manali.
  • She doesn't give much thought to her diet.

Does can be used to give the primary verb of a statement a little additional weight.


  • She does put in a lot of effort in her studies.
  • She does visit the temple daily.

Does is included in tag questions to emphasize the verb more.


  • Does she have good dancing moves?
  • Does he not paint beautifully?

Main Difference Between Do And Does in Points

  • The verb "do" is transitive, meaning it has a subject and an object. Its meaning as an action verb is to carry out any work or activity by acting or performing. On either side, does is just a third person singular present tense conjugation of the verb "do."
  • While we use "do" with singular nouns like my teacher, my mom, the child, the judge, the dog, the cat, etc., we use "does" with plural nouns like teachers, parents, children, judges, dogs, cats, etc.
  • It is used with first-person singular "I," plural "we," second-person "you," and third-person plural "they" personal pronouns. In contrast, does can also be used with a third-person he/she/it. Furthermore, whereas does is used with this and that, do is also used with the demonstrative pronouns these and those.
  • To make crucial phrases, such as positive or negative directives, we employ the verb "do," but we never use the verb "dos."
  • "Does" is exclusively used with third person singular nouns, whereas "do" is used with first, second, and third person singular and plural nouns and third person plural nouns.
  • Do can be used in conjunction with the demonstrative pronouns these and those, but does can only be used with these and that.
  • Imperative sentences are formed using the verb "do"; however, they cannot be formed with the verb "does."


Both do and does present tense versions of the verb "to do," however do and does differ in how they are used. However, one must first comprehend the fundamental idea to appreciate the valuable distinction between do and does. The distinctions require serious attention between do and does to eliminate ambiguity while employing do and does. It is crucial to be aware that both nouns can function as verbs. The first person and the second person are used with the verb do. On the other hand, the verb does exclusively employed in the third person singular. The primary distinction between the two terms is this.

In the present tense, the verb "do" is typically used as a transitive or auxiliary verb. Most singular and plural nouns can be expressed using "do," but only third person singular nouns can be expressed using "does." We can utilize them appropriately and more confidently if we know the distinctions. When referring to our pastimes, likes, dislikes, daily routine, habits, etc., we use the verbs "do" and "does" in our statements. Do is typically used when referring to several people, ourselves, or things in the second person, but does may also be used to refer to a single person or denote a third person.


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"Difference Between Do and Does." Diffzy.com, 2023. Mon. 27 Mar. 2023. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-do-and-does-986>.

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