Difference Between Cost Of Capital and Capital Structure

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: July 19, 2022

       

Difference Between Cost Of Capital and Capital Structure Difference Between Cost Of Capital and Capital Structure

Why read @ Diffzy

Our articles are well-researched

We make unbiased comparisons

Our content is free to access

We are a one-stop platform for finding differences and comparisons

We compare similar terms in both tabular forms as well as in points


Introduction

The financial world is vast and includes many different areas such as trade, security, financial analysis, commodities, and indications. They are all required to manage the country's economy. The cost of capital and capital structure are two of the most important accounting terms. A company's capital cost refers to the expense of acquiring new capital funds. On the other hand, the capital structure estimates the returns demanded by investors who are part of the firm's exact specifications. The cost of money of a corporation relates to raising fresh capital funds, whereas the cost of equity measures the returns sought by investors who are part of the firm's ownership structure.

The cost of equity is the percentage return requested by a company's owners. In contrast, the cost of capital combines the rate of return expected by lenders and the rate of return desired by the owners. The cost of capital is the amount of money that a company must pay to raise additional funds. The cost of equity refers to the expected financial returns from investors in the firm. The capital asset pricing model (CAPM) and the dividend capitalization model are two methods for calculating the cost of equity.

Cost Of Capital vs. Capital Structure

The primary distinction between capital structure and costs is that capital expenses are critical in defining corporate capital structure. Evaluating the company's optimal financial structure can be difficult because the associated advantages and negatives are connected with both debt and equity funding. The cost of capital influences the organizational structure by analyzing possible investments and monitoring financial returns. A firm's revenue is lower, its investor risk is higher, and the economic structure is unbalanced if the cost of capital is high. The capital cost components, which include loan cost, equity cost, cost of retained profits, and share capital charges, apply to all sources of finance.

The Capital Structure refers to the debt and equity that a corporation uses to fund its operations and properties. A corporation's economic structure is typically stated as a debt-to-equity ratio. Debt and equity money are used to fund the company's operations, capital expenditures, purchasing, and other investments. Companies often select whether to finance projects with loans or equity, and management will balance the two to get the best capital structure.

Difference Between Cost Of Capital vs. Capital Structure in Tabular Form

Table: Cost Of Capital vs. Capital Structure
Parameter Of Comparison
 Cost Of Capital
Capital Structure
Explanation
The cost of capital is a firm's evaluation of the minimum return required to justify embarking on a corporate finance project, such as constructing a modern plant.
 
 
The capital structure pertains to the exact mix of debt and equity used to finance its assets and activities. From a business standpoint, equity is a more expensive, long-term source of financing with more significant economic flexibility.
Used For
Cost of capital calculated elements
 
Assessment of alternative investments and financial implications
Components
Loan repayments, venture capital costs, operational retention costs, and preferred share capital charges are all expenses.
Funding includes loan charges, equity costs, retained profitability costs, and share investment costs.
 
Terminology
The term "Cost of Capital" does not exist.
WACC, or the total cost of capital, is another name for the Capital Structure
Significance
Owners' capital should be maximized.
 
 
A business's financial structure is represented as a short-term debt ratio to long-term debt.
Analysis
Investors and analysts use the phrase cost of capital, but it is always an appraisal of whether a planned choice can be rationalized by its price.
Capital structure is also influenced by firm size and maturity, which impact the financing alternatives accessible to a company.
Technique Used
Aside from stock and debt issuance, merger and acquisition (M&A) activities can have a substantial impact on capital structure.
The weighted average cost of all the capital sources is used to determine the total cost of capital. The weighted average cost of capital is what this is (WACC).
 
Viewpoint
From an investor's viewpoint, the cost of capital is a measurement of the returns that may be anticipated from the purchase of stock shares or any other investment.
 
To enhance value for shareholders, the administration may adopt capital structure decisions that are detrimental to other stakeholders such as debtholders, suppliers, consumers, or workers.

What Is the Cost Of Capital?

The capital cost is the expense of sustaining cash obtained from various sources and utilized in industry. The cost of capital is the capital structure that a company would bring to provide long-term financing to clients. A corporation receives money to attract finance sources to make the funding accessible to the company. The objective of maximizing shareholders' equity is achieved with the help of the cost of capital. Financial analysts use the phrase cost of capital interchangeably, but it always refers to whether the expense of a proposed choice can be supported. Investors may also use the phrase to assess an investment's future return in proportion to its cost and hazards. To fund business development, many organizations employ a combination of loans and equity. The weighted average price of all capital sources is used to calculate the total cost of capital for such businesses. The weighted average cost of capital is what this is (WACC).

Recognizing The Basis Of Cost Of Capital

The idea of the cost of capital is critical information needed to establish the hurdle rate of a project. A corporation beginning on a significant project must know how much money the project must make to cover its costs and continue to produce revenue for the company. From an investor's standpoint, the cost of capital is an estimate of the return that may be anticipated from the purchase of stock shares or any other investment. This is a rough estimate that may contain both best- and worst-case situations. An investor may examine the volatility (beta) of a company's financial results to assess if the purchase of a stock is justified by its future return.

Weighted Average Capital Cost (WACC)

The weighted average cost of capital formula, which considers the cost of both debt and equity capital, is commonly used to assess a firm's cost of capital. To get at a blended rate, each category of the firm's capital is weighted equally. The method considers every type of debt and equity on the company's balance sheet, including standard and preferred stock, bonds, and other types of debt.

How Is Capital Cost Significant?

Most companies want to develop and expand. There might be several options: expand a plant, buy out a competitor, or create a new, larger facility. Before deciding on any of these possibilities, the corporation calculates the cost of capital for each proposed project. This shows how long it will take for the project to pay back its initial investment and how much it will be coming back in the future. Of course, such forecasts are only guesses. First, however, the corporation must use a proper technique to select between its possibilities.

What Is Capital Structure?

The capital structure is the combination of debt and equity used to support its overall operations and development. Furthermore, equity capital is derived from a company's shareholdings and represents its future cash flows and earnings. Debt is represented by bond issuance or bonds, whereas equity is represented by capital, common stock, or retained earnings. Short-term debt is also taken into account in the financial system. Both assets and liabilities are defined on the balance sheet. Corporations' securities are generated with this debt and equity and reported on the balances. The Capital Structure might be a combination of long-term debt, short-term debt, and common stock. A corporation's financial structure is viewed as a proportion of short-term debt and long-term debt.

The capital structure is the consequence of such financing decisions, which may be led by capital structure goals or targets established by management and the board. Capital structure is also influenced by firm size and maturity, which impact the financing alternatives accessible to a company. Aside from stock and debt issuance, merger and acquisition (M&A) activity may have a substantial impact on the capital structure since it can be financed with cash, borrowing, share assumption, and debt assumption, in addition to revenues from divestitures and asset sales. The firm's capital structure is also influenced over time by its activities, which may consume or create cash, as well as management choices regarding dividends and share buybacks.

Picking the Appropriate Capital Structure

Managers typically seek to operate within a range of values since determining the ideal capital structure may be challenging. They must also consider the signals that their funding selections convey to the market. To minimize dilution and give negative signals to the market, a firm with a promising future will seek to obtain financing through debt rather than shares. Announcements about a corporation incurring debt are often favorable news, a practice known as debt signaling. Conversely, suppose a firm raises too much money in a short period. In that case, the costs of debt, preferred stock, and common equity will climb, increasing the marginal cost of capital.

  • Factors for financing: Firm management may consider various variables in capital structure decisions and leverage utilization from a practical standpoint.
  • Competing stakeholder preferences: To maximize shareholder value, the administration may adopt capital structure decisions detrimental to other stakeholders such as debtholders, suppliers, consumers, or staff.

Calculating Cost Of Debt

  1. The bond must first be underwritten. Underwriting is the process of determining the bond's price, interest rate, and maturity date. Blue Ridge would need to employ an investment company to complete the underwriting process.
  2. The bond will then be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). To guarantee investor trust, the SEC examines the financial soundness of corporations issuing bonds. Blue Ridge must collect financial data and complete the SEC filings, which implies they must pay for the expense of disclosing this information.
  3. The third expense is simply the cost of promoting the bond. Finally, if an investor acquires the bond, Blue Ridge is contractually bound to pay the bondholders monthly interest costs and principal repayment at maturity, which might be considerable.

Main Differences Between Cost of Capital and Capital Structure in Points

  • The capital cost is the expected investment capital structure, whereas the desired capital structure is the minimal rate of return.
  • The cost of capital is factored into the capital structure, spending option analyses, and financial success assessments. On the other hand, capital structures reduce investment risk while providing assurances.
  • Interest expenses, equity costs, retained income costs, and a part of the capital cost of a choice is the capital cost aspects. WACC components, on the other hand, are weighted capital cost components.
  • The Capital Structure is also known as the WACC (required capital structure). Cost of capital, whereas, has no synonym.
  • The cost of capital enables owners to maximize equity, whereas capital structure helps to assure stability.
  • The cost of capital is a gauge of the profits that an investor may expect from acquiring stock shares or any other investment. In contrast, to To increase shareholder value, management may make capital structure decisions that harm other stakeholders like debtholders, suppliers, customers, or labor.
  • There is no such thing as "Cost of Capital." On the other hand, WACC, or total cost of capital, is another term for the Capital Structure.
  • The term "cost of capital" is put to use by investors and analysts to assess if a planned decision can be justified by its cost. In contrast, the Capital structure is also impacted by business size and maturity, which affect the financing options available to a corporation.

Conclusion

Previous finances were viewed as not being a man's cup of tea. Savings and potential deposits in government banks are the only viable options for future planning and savings. The average person or working middle-class individual is afraid of investing in stocks, bonds, or the overall stock market. Previously, some complicated procedures were not available to join and function in the stock market due to the involvement of only a few key business actors. It took years for people to grasp the importance of spending and saving. Managers may offer information to investors ("signaling") by selecting a funding method.

Fixed payment obligations, for example, might indicate management's confidence in the company's prospects. Management's capital structure decisions have varying effects on various stakeholder groups. Conflicts of interest may emerge when one or more groups are favored at the cost of others to enhance shareholder wealth or their own. Today, every other person is active in investment. People gain new abilities or hire specialists to spend their money wisely. Capital cost and capital structure are two essential factors of financial management.

References


Category


Cite this article

Use the citation below to add this article to your bibliography:


Styles:

×

MLA Style Citation


"Difference Between Cost Of Capital and Capital Structure." Diffzy.com, 2022. Tue. 06 Dec. 2022. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-cost-of-capital-and-capital-267>.



Edited by
Diffzy


Share this article