Difference Between Autonomous and Independent

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Autonomous and Independent

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An individual or organization exercising self-governance, self-government, or self-rule can carry out all necessary regulatory functions without the assistance of an outside authority. It may refer to one's behaviour or any type of institution, including families, social groupings, affinity groups, governmental agencies, business organizations, houses of worship, and political bodies of varying degrees. The philosophical and socio-political notions of autonomy, independence, self-control, self-discipline, and sovereignty are all intimately tied to self-governance. National sovereignty, an essential notion in international law, is the term used to describe self-governance in the context of nation-states. An autonomous area is a self-governing territory in the framework of administrative division. Self-governance is also related to political circumstances where a people or group breaks free from colonial authority, absolute monarchy, absolute government, or any other form of government they feel does not fairly represent them. Therefore, it is a cornerstone of many republics, nationalist regimes, and democracies. The word "swaraj," coined by Mohandas Gandhi, is a subset of this self-rule philosophy. A major proponent of self-rule over immoral governments was Henry David Thoreau.

The theory of self-determination is a well-established concept in psychology. It asserts that our three basic wants as humans are autonomy, relatedness, and competence. We aspire to become experts in what we do. We yearn to fit in. And we want to be in charge of our own life and live authentically. Independence and autonomy are not the same things. They differ greatly from one another. According to the principle of self-determination, autonomy indicates that you possess free will and can defend the morality of your choices. In other words, you are not being coerced into doing something you find objectionable. Independence is the state of not requiring or accepting assistance, support or care from others. You can manage on your own. Find the distinction? Independence is not even necessary for autonomy. It is possible to be both independent yet reliant on others for assistance and support. You can exercise your free will, behave by your views, and still provide and receive assistance. The globe is more interconnected and dependent on one another. Due in large part to technology, our products require greater coordination and quicker, more efficient teamwork. Pure freedom in the twenty-first century is simply not conceivable. Fortresses of "no's" cannot last. The terms autonomous and independent are used to characterize both people and nations. These two adjectives derive from the words’ independence and autonomy, respectively. Additionally, we occasionally combine these two descriptors because of their close relationship.

Autonomy and independence can be seen as synonyms on some levels, even though there are some differences between the two notions. The terms "autonomy" and "independence" both allude to freedom. Both stress the ability to make decisions for oneself. But there is a difference, as was already mentioned. This distinction between autonomy and independence can be understood as follows. Being autonomous entails having self-government. Independence, which is the condition of not depending on anyone, is the reverse of reliance. Independence, which means rejecting rules and laws, is not the same as autonomy. This is the primary difference between autonomy and independence.

Autonomous vs. Independent

An entity that can function alone is frequently referred to as autonomous or independent. However, the terms autonomous and independent should not be used interchangeably. It is crucial to understand how to differentiate between these two words, which are both derived from the same Latin word.

The way these words convey freedom is the primary distinction between autonomous and independent. Although they sound extremely similar, the definition of autonomous is "Self-governing," and the definition of independent is "Standing alone, not controlled by others."

Difference Between Autonomous and Independent in Tabular Form

Parameters of Comparison Autonomous Independent
Meaning  Anything autonomous is self-governing. Being independent entails having complete freedom. It entails being free of external constraints.
Nature Entities that are autonomous show actual freedom. The term has a freeing quality. Contrarily, being independent means not relying on any other source.
Government A government that makes its own decisions is said to be autonomous. An independent government is not governed by a higher authority.
Cars It is feasible to have a self-parking or self-driving vehicle. The movement of any other car has no impact on an independent car, though.
Parts of Speech Often, the word

"autonomous" is used.

Independent is a word that can be utilized in phrases as both an adjective and a noun.

What is Autonomous?

Autonomy is the capacity to exercise free will, according to developmental psychology, moral, political, and bioethical philosophy. Organizations or institutions that are autonomous are independent or self-governing. From the viewpoint of human resources, autonomy may be described as a person being given a (relatively high) amount of discretion at work. In these circumstances, autonomy has a history of increasing overall job satisfaction. Self-actualized individuals are regarded as operating independently of social expectations. Respect for a patient's autonomy is one of the many core ethical principles in medicine, according to the medical community.

Autonomous translates as autonomous or self-governing. In other words, they are independent and unaffected by outside forces. They also can decide for themselves. And lastly, autonomous things don't require outside supervision, control, or monitoring. Being autonomous means being in a self-governing state. Autonomy's adjectival form is autonomous. The concept of autonomy emphasizes that each person is free to think and behave as they like. A brief example will help you to understand this. Teachers promote child autonomy in the classroom. This describes a situation in which the young person is encouraged to think independently, create objectives, and accomplish them.

Autonomous refers to the capacity to act alone. Being autonomous means being self-reliant or self-governing. You need the freedom to make your own decisions without being in control if you want total autonomy. The word "autonomous" has Latin roots and means "self-rule." In contrast to being tied to or connected to other things, the phrase "autonomous" typically refers to independent entities. The phrase is from classical antiquity, and Thomas Browne used it for the first time in his book Pseudodoxia Epidemica in 1621. The tendency for many things to be autonomous is problematic in and of itself. Although having autonomy may seem like a positive quality, it may also be a problematic quality. Before deciding to be independent, you have more responsibilities. Autonomous refers to a machine that works (or moves) without the aid of a control connection. It is capable of doing this by using either its power or propulsion along a track or other surface. To stress its independence, an autonomous vehicle may alternatively be referred to as an automated vehicle. Some governmental institutions function independently. They are not required to comply with directives from the federal government.

In a nutshell, the ability to act independently of others is referred to as being autonomous. The adjective form of the word autonomy is autonomous. Both the capacity of a nation or region to govern itself and the ability of an individual to live by his or her principles or interests are instances of autonomy. Actually, "autonomy" is a Greek word that means "self-governance" or "self-legislation." When referring to a person's autonomy, it is generally believed to mean their capacity to live their lives independently of outside influences and for their reasons. This can be summed up as learning to live life on one's terms and developing one's own identity. Furthermore, having a sense of self-respect and self-worth is necessary for autonomy. A solid awareness of one's abilities and attitudes is also necessary.

What is Independent?

The word "independent" comes from the Latin word inde, which means "not dependent." Independence is described as "being the situation of a person or thing that depends on no one else and is not subject to the control of another person or thing" and "having or expressing confidence in oneself" when used as an adjective. The adjective "independent" refers to how apart and unrelated the two terms are from one another. The state of independence is the capacity to take action of one's own free will. You may also be referred to be independent if you are not under the control or direction of another individual, entity, or body.

Depending on the circumstance, the word "independent" can be interpreted in several different ways. To begin with, it is a synonym meaning "free," devoid of limitations or limits. In essence, this interpretation is the one that is used the most. It also implies a lack of attachment to things, people, or relationships. They are not related. They are independent. It also implies that nothing needs outside support to function. It can be used to describe someone who is independent and doesn't depend on anyone. This kind of perspective on who they are and how they want to be seen by those around them is prevalent nowadays. A variable that does not change depending on the value of an independent variable is referred to as an independent variable, for instance. The phrase "dependent variable" applies here as well. In a similar vein, an independent contractor is a person contracted to work for another party who is not that party's employer.

Independent refers to being free from outside influence and not being under the control of another person, group of people, or organization. The adverb "independent" is used to describe both people and nations or countries. Independence often refers to making one's own decisions and not relying on another person for support when applied to an individual. Independence, especially in the context of colonialism and nation-states, is the capacity of a country to govern itself. Being independent means not relying on another person. Independent is the adverb of independence. Independence emphasizes this urge to be free and independent of others more than any other component. In contrast to autonomy, the emphasis here is largely on the freedom to live however one chooses, paying little respect to regulations. Independence also emphasizes having the resources to maintain oneself. A person who votes freely and without regard to affiliations is referred to as independent when using the word as a noun.

Difference Between Autonomous and Independent in Points

  • Independent and autonomous both refer to how something is managed, not to what it is capable of doing on its own. Without a driver, an autonomous vehicle is capable of operating. It can also locate a parking space by itself. None of those things is feasible for an independent automobile.
  • Autonomous robots in robotics are those that have been designed to decide for themselves. Independent robots may perform activities on their own while still being controlled by humans.
  • Autonomous and Independent differ in that the former is an adjective while the latter is both an adjective and a noun.
  • Political autonomy and independence, which refer to freedom from external restraints, are two separate things. This theory holds that an individual might be autonomous but not independent.
  • The degree of application also sets the two apart from one another. Independence is applied to individuals, whereas autonomy is applied to whole countries.


In contrast to independent, which denotes freedom from outside control and independence from another person's authority, the adjective form of the noun autonomy, autonomous, refers to a person's or a region's capacity to act independently or to govern itself. When referring to people, autonomy is the capacity to live life on one's terms; independence, however, can also refer to the capacity to make decisions without outside assistance. Additionally, whereas independence implies independence, autonomy implies self-rule. The adjective form of the noun autonomy, autonomous, describes a person's or a place's capacity to take independent action or exercise self-government. Contrarily, the term independent denotes freedom from outside influence and independence from another person's authority. The primary distinction between autonomous and independent is that the former relates to self-governance while the latter denotes independence from others. In contrast to Independent, which functions as both an adjective and a noun, autonomous is an adjective. Autonomy in terms of politics is different from independence in terms of freedom from outside constraints. According to this idea, a person can be autonomous but not independent.

Since both autonomous and independent essentially mean to be free from outside influence, they are commonly used interchangeably. They differ slightly from one another, though. To know the difference between autonomous and independent, one must first understand what each of these terms means. The adjective "autonomous" denotes the ability to work or function without outside assistance. Independent is an adverb that refers to the ability to operate or perform independently of others. Numerous sentences might use either word.



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"Difference Between Autonomous and Independent." Diffzy.com, 2024. Fri. 12 Jul. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-autonomous-and-independent-920>.

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