Difference Between Assume and Presume

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Assume and Presume

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"Assume" and "Presume" both hold the same meaning. They both refer to "suppose something or have an image of something before it happens". But they too differ in some aspects, some characteristics of these words do not match, and we are here for a detailed discussion on these differences. This article is going to be about the difference between" Assume" and "Presume". 

Assume vs Presume

Assume refers to supposing something or believing in something, whereas, Presume refers to assuming things much before it happens and having evidence. Presume has been derived from two words " pre" which means "before" and "asumere" which means "to take in advance"; whereas "Assume" has been derived from "asumere", which means "to take in advance".

Difference Between Assume And Presume in Tabular Form

Assume Presume
Assume refers to "imagination of something before it happens". Presume refers to "imagination of something before it happens with clue".
Assume has been derived from "asumere". Presume has been derived from "pre" and "asumere".
The past and third form of "assume" is "assumed". The past and third form of "presume" is "presumed".
Example - Child assumes that he can also fly after wearing the cape. Example- She presumes to be tired after working out for an hour.

What is Assume?

Assume is a word that is often used in reference to assuming something or having an image of something. Assume is used when the guesswork is done on little or no evidence. Assume is a verb that has nothing to do with any physical action taking place or any visible activity. It just happens inside the mind and falls in the category of the verb.

Assume is not only being regarded as "taking as truth without checking out the reality"; it also refers to "taking on the form of". It might be convenient for you if you do not assume that there might be a ghost behind you or might be outside at the door after watching a horror movie. Everyone assumes that, and there is nothing wrong with that.

Assume always has the feeling of taking up something. It might be the opinion of having something in mind that we think is true.

For examples -

  •  The child assumes that there are supermans; in reality, he is unaware of the truth.
  • My mother assumes that I can not cook anything by myself.
  • My teacher assumes that Rohit is a very bright student, but in reality, he does not like to study. 
  •  My dad assumes that online banking is never safe for us.
  • Nobita assumes that he will escape the problems by using Doraemon's gadgets.
  • He assumes that he is the best player in the world as he flexes his talent.
  • She assumes that she is so beautiful as if she is going to become Miss World.
  • He assumes that one day the world will come to an end.
  • Rohan assumes that we all will forget him after school.
  • Sunita assumes that she does not have any talent but she dances so well.
  • A small child assumes that whatever is happening on television is happening in reality.
  • My mother assumes that I might get kidnapped if I go out alone.

The past form of "assume" is " assumed" and the third form is also the same. It denotes the assumptions that took place in the past.

For examples - 

  • She assumed that she would fail the examination, but she passed.
  • He assumed that she would never leave him, but she broke up with him last week.
  • My mother assumed that I could not cook anything, but I made her a tasty cake, and now she believes that I can cook well.
  • The teacher assumed that backbenchers who enjoy their life could never get good marks, but Ronit proved him wrong by ranking first in the class.
  • She assumed that she could get selected for the Miss India contest, but she got rejected on the first audition only.
  • He assumed that no one was better than him at singing, but Siddharth proved him wrong.
  • She assumed that she could not dance well but she came first in dancing.

What is Presume? 

Presume means "to imagine things much before it takes place but having evidence". Presume is a kind of verb which is used if you are making a guess based on information or adequate evidence.

The new definition of presume is "to suppose or assume, especially being confident". Presume acts a little oppositely in the legal systems, for example - " Presumed innocent until proven guilty. That context of "presume" can be defined as "to suppose to be true without any proof." It is based on the fact that legal systems grant a defendant the presumption of innocence, thereby placing the burden of proof on the prosecution. (https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/presume)

Presume has to be used appropriately without considering it exactly similar to "assume". It has its own identity, and it possesses its own meaning without borrowing another word's individuality. Presume means " making assumptions about the things that are going to take place in future".

Examples of Presume -

  • She presumes that police will come by six 0 clocks after the robbers robbed the house.
  • He presumes that the teacher will come in five minutes to take the class.
  • Ronit presumes that the event will start in a while.
  • Sunita presumes that she will be up by eight tomorrow morning.
  • Rohan presumes that there will be no class tomorrow as there is Gandhi Jayanti, and it is supposed to be a holiday on that pious occasion.
  • Aadya presumes that the dish her mother is making is going to be very tasty.
  • Atharva presumes to come first in the class as he studies well in exams.
  • Sakshi presumes that she will not make any further mistakes after lying to her parents.
  • Khushi presumes that she will make cold coffee as she is craving for it.
  • Siddharth presumes going on a trip with his friends to Goa.

The past form of "presume" is "presumed" and the third form is also the same.

Examples of Presumed -

  • She was presumed to be an arrogant girl as her way of talking was so rude and not good. 
  • He was presumed to be guilty until proven innocent as the stolen things were found in his house.
  • She was presumed to be a good cook as the dish looked scrumptious.
  • He was presumed to be a bright student as he answered each and every question in the classroom correctly.
  • She was presumed to be a good dancer as dancing is her hobby.
  • Sohan was presumed to be wise as she managed to escape from the kidnappers smartly.

Main Difference Between Assume and Presume in Points

  • Assume refers to "thinking or imagining something before it happens without any clue"; whereas presume refers to "thinking or imagining something before it happens with proper clue and evidence".
  • Assume has been derived from a Greek word, "asumere" which means "to take in advance"; whereas presume has been derived from two Greek words "pre" which means "before" and "asumere" which means "to take up in advance".
  • Assumption can be made on the basis of our personal opinion no matter whether it is far from true; whereas, presumption can merely be done on the basis of proper evidence.
  • The past form of "assume" is "assumed" and the third form also remains the same; whereas, the past form of "presume" is "presumed" and the third form of this also remains the same.
  • Example of "assume" includes "she assumes to be an actor in future"; whereas, an example of "presume" includes "she assumes to be more beautiful after going to the parlour.


"Assume" and "Presume", both the words hold their own significance and characteristics. They do have almost the same meaning, but they also differ when we analyze them in depth. They both should be used adequately in a sentence to make it correct and appropriate for the listeners to understand.

This was the detailed view of "presume" and "assume" and the difference between them. Hope this helped in viewing these two words differently.


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"Difference Between Assume and Presume." Diffzy.com, 2024. Fri. 19 Apr. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-assume-and-presume-1061>.

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