Difference Between UPSC and PCS

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between UPSC and PCS

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Numerous students prepare themselves for appearing in the competitive exams consistently for the recruitment to regulatory services or government jobs. Among numerous recruitment tests, the main ones are of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and various State Public Service Commissions (PSC).

Many of you might wonder whether there are any differences between the UPSC test and other state PSC tests or are all the candidates chosen through UPSC as it were?

The UPSC Exam and State PSC tests are altogether different from one another. See here some differences between both:

UPSC and PCS vary with regard to their scope. The UPSC is the exam responsible for monitoring IAS recruitment while the PSC is employing possibility for public service jobs inside a state. The UPSC controls the IAS test and enrolls possibilities for government occupations at the national level, while the SPSC oversees state-level tests and services.


The differences between UPSC and PCS is that UPSC is responsible for monitoring IAS applicants. Then again, PCS is being controlled by the Public Service Commission (PSC), laid out by each state.

UPSC represents Union Public Service Commission, and its main civil service tests incorporate the IAS test. Consistently, many individuals, especially graduates, take these tests. The job is additionally high in demand after the perks it provides, the best of which is "getting a privileged position." Then there's the cash, the work depiction, and different benefits, which make sense of why people are so intrigued.

The PCS conducts different examinations for entry-level positions and promotions to higher positions inside the civil service. The evaluations are viewed as quite possibly the most esteemed in India. State legislatures may likewise lead separate assessments for their services, like secretarial service, managerial service, and police service.

Differences Between UPSC and PCS in Tabular Form

Parameters of Comparison UPSC PCS
Stands for UPSC is an acronym for Union Public Service Commission. PCS is an acronym for Public Service Commission.
Jurisdiction   UPSC's chosen candidate selection, protests, and different techniques are dependent upon the jurisdiction of the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT). Computers is administered by the State Administrative Tribunal (SAT), which might be laid out at the state's solicitation.
Appointed The individuals from the UPSC are designated by the President of the country. The Governor of the individual State delegates the individuals from the State PSC.


Examinations sector Exams for assignments are sent to Union Services, including every single Indian service. The state's PSC guides assessments and examinations for the state's services. For instance, the BPSC (Bihar Public Service Commission) solely directs tests for positions in the Bihar area.
Organization In the whole country, the UPSC is the one to focus on. Each state has its own arrangement of rules in the Public Service Commission.
Supervision UPSC is responsible for overseeing the IAS candidates. The PCS assessment is directed by the State Public Service Commission (SPSC), which is set up by each state.
Syllabus The test prospectus and capabilities are something similar all through India. The educational plan and qualifying rules might vary starting with one state then onto the next.

What is UPSC?

The Union Public Service Commission leads the Civil Services Examination (CSE) in India, separated into three sections:

  • A primer test with two objective type tests (general studies and aptitude test)
  • Two major examination papers with seven subjective sort papers
  • A meeting interview round

 With a passing rate of less than 1%, the test is one of the most difficult in India.

The assessment schedule covers a wide scope of points. The subjects covered incorporate General Studies, Aptitude and mental capacity tests, discretionary subjects, and meetings.

The civil service is held twice a year, with the preliminary test comprising two objective type tests and the primary test. There is likewise a meeting round for a character test. The last determination depends on composed test checks and interview marks.

It is a huge obligation to lead the Civil Services Exam. The UPSC has the accompanying liabilities:

  • Leading competitive tests and meetings for recruitment to Union services and occupations.
  • Giving disciplinary guidance to the Union Government.
  • Advising the Union Government about enrolling strategies for different services and positions.
  • In conjunction with the applicable offices, drafting recruitment rules for different Union services and jobs.

What is PCS?

The essential objective of a PCS official is to keep up with and authorize order and lawfulness. The Provincial Civil Service (PCS) is a civil service branch that works at the state level. It was previously known as the Subordinate Civil Service.

The state legislatures are responsible for regulating the common services. The PCS test, otherwise called the PCS-J, is supervised by the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC), an autonomous body laid out by the Uttar Pradesh government to select the qualified contenders for different situations in the state's different divisions, as well as exhort the state government on all matters connected with common services.

The Public Service Commission (PSC) is an association that goes about as an autonomous organization to give assessment services to government occupations in India. There are PSCs in each state, yet just a few states have PCS officials because not all states have their common services. For instance, Delhi doesn't have a PCS since it has a union territory (UT) status. The territories of Puducherry and Chandigarh have their civil services and consequently have a PCS system.

Powers and Responsibility of an IAS official versus Powers and Responsibility of a State PCS official

The two IAS and PCS officials have a great deal of liability and powers that why they are so respected. From the start, we should talk about the obligations of an IAS official.

Obligations/Duties and Powers of an IAS official

  • IAS officials have significant obligations in government affairs. They work in the execution of strategies subsequent to talking with the government minister.
  • After the choice of the public authority, IAS officials have the obligation of executing/administering the regulations and approaches at the ground level.
  • It is also a duty of an IAS official to answer the parliament about abnormalities in their space of work.
  • At the section level, IAS officials get individual units at the sub-divisional level. Here, their obligations are to deal with the lawfulness issue.
  • Experienced IAS officials get the posts of District Magistrate. Here, they have the responsibility of dealing with the general states.
  • A few experienced IAS officials are additionally made Principal Secretaries and Chief Secretaries. Head Secretaries work with the public authority services. Then again, Chief Secretaries work with the Chief Ministers of various states.
  • IAS officials are responsible and obliged for overall expenditure management.

Obligations and Powers of a State PCS official

  • PCS officials get jobs as appointed by the state. They are selected by the state government and look after the improvement work at the block level.
  • After starting preparation at the Administration training institute, young PCS officials get the post of Deputy Magistrate, Block Development Officers (BDO), or Deputy Collector (DC).
  • A few PCS officials also proceed to become Central Rank Officers.
  • A PCS official can get the highest rank of Departmental Secretary.
  • The obligation of the PCS official remembers to ensure administrative stability in the state.
  • Confirming and directing different formative works in the state and adding to the state development.
  • Planning with various divisions of the state government and running after the shared objective for example advancement and development of the state.

The Process of Selection

The course of selection is totally different in both the services. Although a competitor will serve his/her nation, at last, getting appointed isn't something very similar.

Determination in UPSC

Officials in UPSC is named and enlisted by the central level authorities. An assessment as the examination is directed, which is called frequently UPSC (Union Public Service Commission).

India's focal government has laid out a CAT (Central Administrative Tribunal), which is massively liable for practising all the powers and authorities of public workers inside the country.

Selection in PCS

Officials and applicants in the state government authoritative office are named and enlisted by the state-level specialists. An assessment is frequently led, which is known as the SPSC (State Public Service Commission).

For this, India's state government has laid out the SAT (State Administrative Tribunal), which is very much responsible for practising all the powers, specialists, and service-related matters of all public workers in the state. Each state has its own SAT.


The fundamental difference contrast between the PCS versus UPSC is who appoints? Similar authorities don't make the appointment of State and Union officials.

There are laid out through the systems and protocols for the appointment of government officials at the state and central levels. As they additionally give their services to the different government offices, their choice is also made as required.

Appointment of UPSC

UPSC - Indian central government officials' work to develop a specific state or an area or city was given to them. In any case, the workplace of the president in India directly selects and appoints them.

Appointment of PCS

PCS - The State government officials are under full control of state authority and work following the state government's approaches and directions. The Governor of the state names state officials.

Example and Syllabus for the Selection Examination

PCS versus UPSC are also different in terms of exam pattern and schedule. Let’s see how they differ:

Test Pattern and Syllabus of UPSC

  • All the candidates go through three levels to clear the tests. These are as follows: Prelims, Mains Exam, and last stage is a meeting.
  • The inquiries posed in the tests are generally calculated in view of current realities and insights.
  • In UPSC, there is a compulsory subject called CSAT, which is a passing paper in nature. This paper is added to actually take a look at the thinking capacity of the competitors.
  • This assessment additionally has one paper on the passing idea of any provincial language. Competitors can pick their favoured language.

Exam Pattern and Syllabus of PCS

There are also three levels that every one of the applicants goes through to clear the PCS test. These are as per the following - Prelims, Mains Exam, and the last one is the meeting.

In PCS, most of the questions are based on facts rather than a conceptual nature.

There is no obligatory fitness test led in PCS. It also relies upon the nature and the level of an exam.

Some of the state exams place regional language papers while some states do not find it necessary.

Salary and Pay Scale

Obviously, the salary and pay the size of IAS and PCS will vary because their degree of - services, the jobs, specialists, and the answerability also changes and differs.

Differences Between UPSC and PCS in Points

  • The President of the nation points to UPSC individuals, while the Governor of each state selects State PSC individuals.
  • The Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) has authority over UPSC applicant choice, complaints, and different systems, while the State Administrative Tribunal (SAT) has authority over PCS.
  • The UPSC test prospectus is uniform across India, the PCS curriculum and qualification conditions might contrast from one state to another.
  • Exams for assignments are submitted to the Union Services, which envelops every Indian service, though the state's PSC guides assessments for assignments to the state's services.
  • The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) manages the IAS test, though the State Public Service Commission (SPSC), made by each state, regulates the PCS assessment.
  • The Union Public Service Commission is the UPSC, while the State Public Service Commission is known as the PCS.


UPSC initiates IAS officials, while SPSC employs for many positions. The UPSC conducts the Civil Services Assessment one time per year. Then again, SPSCs lead to different common service tests over time.

The UPSC has a public level assessment covering the majority of India's geological areas. Nonetheless, SPSC tests are directed at a territorial or state level. It's feasible to sit for both UPSC and SPSC evaluations. Examinees can also show up for the two evaluations and any state-level or national-level test to improve their chances of success and expand their career options.



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"Difference Between UPSC and PCS." Diffzy.com, 2023. Mon. 05 Jun. 2023. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-upsc-and-pcs-100>.

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