Difference Between Poll and Survey

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Poll and Survey

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 When doing research, data may be gathered in several different methods. Research is an important component in both the business world and the academic world. A vast array of data formats may be processed by the many different kinds of computer systems that are available. There are many various approaches to collecting data, and the approach that is used will depend on the kind of data being collected (quantitative or qualitative), the size of the sample, and other factors.

In the field of market research, the methods of data collection that are used most often include polls and surveys. They are easy to use and comprehend in every way.

Poll vs Survey

In contrast to a survey, which often consists of several questions, each of which may be either objective or subjective, an opinion poll typically only has a single question with a single response that is selected from a set of options.

Polls and surveys might be used if the information has to be gathered and gathered quickly. Researchers often make use of them to get comments and perspectives from participants. A poll, on the other hand, is far less extensive, straightforward, and rapid than a survey. but answering questions in a survey could take a little bit more time and is more open-ended.

Polls and surveys are two methods that may be used in a variety of contexts to collect information. It is normal practice for academics to make use of them to collect feedback and evaluate public opinion. In comparison to surveys, opinion polls are much more concise, uncomplicated, and time-effective. Both surveys and polls come with their own set of benefits as well as drawbacks.

Surveys are far more in-depth than polls are. Although open-ended questions are often asked, this does not mean that they are always asked. They may ask as little as one inquiry, but it is more probable that they will ask a lot of questions. The reason for this is that surveys are often designed to glean information on the general public's viewpoint on a broad variety of issues or to get detailed feedback from customers. When it comes to the kind of questions that they pose, they may be open-ended and/or multiple-choice, or they may be structured according to a scale that ranges from not satisfied to very satisfied, from not happy to very happy, and so on.

Polling and surveying may be done over the telephone, the internet, on paper, or even in person. These are all viable choices. Every kind has both positives and negatives associated with it. Anyone may participate in a poll on any website in complete secrecy with only a few clicks of their mouse. On the website, you will not be required to provide any personally identifiable information under normal circumstances. This is the case since the objective of a poll is to get widespread consensus from the whole population.

Before or after the survey is finished, respondents are often required to submit some personally identifying information, such as their name and age, as well as a phone number and/or an email address, depending on the nature of the survey. This is because surveys are often used to collect information on a product, website, etc. as well as to request feedback from customers. With the use of this information, the researchers will be able to get in contact with the individual who served as the topic of their investigation if any more inquiries emerge.

Despite this, the results of polls may only provide a rudimentary view since respondents are only given a limited number of multiple-choice options to choose from. In this particular instance, surveys do better than polls. The replies to the survey showed a higher degree of depth, which allowed the findings of the poll to present a more thorough picture of how the public feels about the issue. It is possible to evaluate the results of a survey using a variety of methods, such as rating scales, rankings, open-ended questions, and so on. To thoroughly explore all of a survey project's outcomes, you may need to write 100-page papers on them. In contrast to the results of a poll's analysis, which may only consist of a few sentences or pages at most.

Difference Between Poll and Survey in Tabular Form

Parameter of Comparison Poll Survey
Questions A single question, generally, a multiple-choice question is included. In surveys, you'll often find a mix of both open-ended and closed-ended questions.
Time normally doesn't take long since it's only one question. According to the number of questions in a survey, the time it takes for respondents to complete it may vary. As a rule, they're far more ornate.
Information Personal information is seldom requested from respondents. To have a better understanding of the gathered data, surveys often ask for personal information about the people who participate.
Purpose To obtain a general sense of what individuals take away from an event or experience. For example, client happiness, feedback, and other factors should be thoroughly investigated.
Type of decision Voting is a one-dimensional decision-making process. Surveys need a wide range of responses.

What is a Poll?

A poll is a question posed to a predetermined number of individuals to gather information about their preferences. Multiple-choice or open-ended questions may be asked in a poll. It's a way to track and analyze people's decisions. The way polls are conducted has changed dramatically throughout the years. When poles were first started, individuals were given questions and their answers were recorded by raising their hands. Later, telephone polls and SMS polls grew more and more prevalent.

However, most surveys are now conducted online. Respondents just need to click a button to submit their replies. Online polls provide the poll creators with the freedom to create the poll exactly as they want it.

Polls are often used by businesses to get a better sense of what their consumers are thinking and feeling. Surely a corporation that is aware of the preferences and dislikes of its clients may outperform the competition.

Because it just asks one question, a poll can only provide a limited amount of information, hence it is important to utilize polls sparingly. Polls often involve a large number of participants. It provides a general picture of the preferences of the people being studied. Because polling data is restricted, the processing and analysis that can be done with polling data are similarly constrained. '

Election polls are one of the most prevalent types of polls. The results of these polls are used to determine which political party or candidate is most popular or who is most likely to win in the next election.

Survey methods such as the poll capture public opinion or votes to get broad trends, flows, or patterns of popular sentiment via a series of questions and the generalization of the findings. A random sample of the population is then picked for study, and particular questions are asked of those who were selected.

The poll results to aid in forming conclusions about the popularity of someone or something, as well as the likes and dislikes, favourites and non-favourites, and the newest trends in fashion, technology, and other areas. Polls serve as a real-time indicator of audience opinion shifts. The polling agency or corporation may pose a variety of questions, either multiple-choice questions or ones that only allow participants to choose one response from a set of pre-defined possibilities.

What is Survey?

The survey technique of data collecting is designed to allow for the generalization of the findings to a larger group of people. Business and academic research alike rely heavily on the survey data produced. An advanced kind of data collecting, it gave a lot more information than a simple form of data collection. When conducting a survey, it is common for there to be more than one question.

Depending on the technique used, surveys fall into one of four types. They may be given in person, over the phone, by the patient, or online. This strategy has been hailed as the best way to acquire comprehensive data. Because running an online survey is so much less expensive, pen and paper surveys are becoming obsolete.

When conducting a survey, the most important guideline is to design it correctly. Survey questions must be worded in a certain way. Efforts must be made to eliminate waste. It is also necessary to disseminate a survey properly to collect just the appropriate replies.

Customers' opinions regarding events and goods are often solicited via the use of surveys. It is tough to persuade clients to fill out lengthy questionnaires. The survey must be kept to a manageable length. Some businesses reward customers for doing surveys.

A survey is a research instrument that involves asking a series of more in-depth questions to members of the public. To draw inferences about a bigger population, it is used to collect information and insights from a specified group of individuals, on a certain issue. Survey questionnaires often include multiple-choice questions, as well as rating or ranking questions, as part of the survey process.

For this reason, a predetermined method is followed to ensure that all participants get the identical question and answer, as well as the same length of time in which to submit their answers.

There are four or five possible answers to each question, and the participants are tasked with selecting the one they believe is the most appropriate for the group to whom they are distributing the questionnaire. A printed version of the survey questions is delivered to the respondents, or they may be accessed by email, SMS, or social media.

There are a series of questions that must be answered and submitted in an online or internet survey. When a user answers a question in a Web form, the information is automatically entered into a database.

Main Differences Between Poll and Survey in Points

  • A poll is a question that is asked to gather information about people's preferences, but a survey is a more in-depth approach to collecting data that includes numerous questions.
  • Filling out a poll takes far less time than completing a survey, of course.
  • Polls keep track of replies, although the respondent's identity is seldom revealed. Surveys, on the other hand, often ask for personal information from the respondents.
  • In contrast to a poll, a survey aims to get an understanding of the preferences of the whole population.
  • The results of a poll are based on fast and easy selections, but those of a survey need a more thorough investigation.
  • A survey, on the other hand, might ask for sensitive and private information.
  • An issue that is often the focus of a survey is a particular political problem. A survey, on the other hand, collects data on a wide range of themes or subtopics.
  • Polls are mostly used to get an understanding of current social trends and to generalize their findings. A survey, on the other hand, is used to gather information about a target population and to help make choices.


Data collection is an essential part of the research process. The implementation of changes that are lucrative for organizations, especially enterprises, is facilitated by organic data. There are several approaches to data collection, and the appropriate method will depend on the scope of the sample and the nature of the information to be gathered. Because of this, the use of digital methods has resulted in a significant reduction in the cost of data collection.

When conducting a poll or survey, data are often gathered from a very small sample of individuals before being extrapolated to a larger group of people. Polls are differentiated from surveys by the fact that polls will only ask a single question, while surveys will ask several different questions.

Polls and surveys are two common tactics that are available to be used, and they may be used to get an in-depth and comprehensive knowledge of the preferences, trends, likes, and dislikes of the target audience. As a consequence of this, they may be of great assistance in the formulation of governmental policies to address social issues, the formation of appropriate relationships between companies and the general public, and other similar endeavours.

The ability to conduct polls and surveys online has resulted not only in an increase in the number of people who can take part but also in a reduction in the amount of time and effort required to acquire and analyze the data.


  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2747357
  2. https://academic.oup.com/alcalc/article-abstract/39/6/532/211277


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"Difference Between Poll and Survey." Diffzy.com, 2023. Wed. 07 Jun. 2023. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-poll-and-survey-440>.

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