Difference Between NYSE and Dow Jones

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between NYSE and Dow Jones

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Before getting started, it's necessary to understand the foundations. This is also true for first-time stock market investors. Simply put, the stock market is a location where buyers and sellers can trade stocks. Before the internet, people used to meet in the trading ring to buy and sell stocks. Computer terminals in brokers' offices are now used to conduct all trades. In addition, the phrases "stock market" and "share market" are synonymous. The stock market is fundamentally risky. Like any other market, the stock market comprises buyers and sellers, as well as goods (company shares) that are traded for a price. Changes in firm fundamentals, changes in the macroeconomy – both domestic and international – and changes in market sentiment all contribute to this dynamism, which is difficult to explain and has no rational basis at times. The products, on the other hand, are sought not for their own sake, but to increase money to increase future consumption. It has attracted hordes of people from various walks of life, with varying levels of knowledge and education, all with the same goal: to make a lot of money quickly.

A stock market's atmosphere is carefully maintained and monitored. By bringing together hundreds of thousands of market participants who wish to buy and sell shares, the stock market fosters fair pricing and transaction transparency. Unlike past stock exchanges that produced and traded genuine paper share certificates, today's computerized stock exchanges are entirely electronic. An initial public offering (IPO) allows companies to issue and sell stock to the general public for the first time (IPO). This strategy aids businesses in collecting the funds they require from investors. Stocks, often called equities, are fractional ownership shares in a corporation, and the stock market is where investors can purchase and sell them. Because it allows enterprises to quickly obtain cash from the general public, a well-functioning stock market is critical to economic success. The stock market refers to over-the-counter or on-exchange public markets for issuing, purchasing, and selling stocks.

If you want to examine the stock market's performance, it can be difficult to keep track of every stock. As a result, the performance of the entire market is represented by a small group of stocks. An index is a type of sample. The price of the stocks chosen in the sample is used to compute the index's value. The ups and downs of a selected group of stocks or other assets are tracked by a stock market index. Market index performance can be used to quickly measure the stock market's health, to help financial institutions create index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and to help you evaluate the success of your assets. A market index is a measure of how well a set of stocks, bonds, or other investments have performed. These investments can target a specific industry, such as technology firms, or the stock market as a whole, such as the Sample 500, Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), or NASDAQ. To comprehend the market's attitude and sentiment, stock indices are necessary. An investor can detect the market's trend and use it to determine which stock will prove to be a winning investment by looking at the indices. In addition to assisting you in determining which stock to invest in, indices function as a barometer for peer comparison. If a stock has produced larger returns than the index, it is said to have outperformed it. If on the other side, it has delivered lower returns, it is said to have underperformed.

Stock indices can also help you spot trends in a specific industry and make informed investment decisions. They can also assist you with passive investing, which is when you invest in a portfolio of stocks that closely mirrors the index. You can save money on research and the equities selection process by investing passively.

NYSE vs. DOW Jones

The NYSE, or the New York Stock Exchange, lists a wide range of stocks and offers both floor and electronic trading, making it the world's largest stock exchange. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a stock market index that measures the top 30 stocks of the world's largest companies. The Dow Jones Industrial Exchange is referred to as "the Dow." The fundamental distinction between the NYSE and the Dow Jones is that the former is an exchange where thousands of companies trade, whereas the latter is an index where people come to purchase and sell equities. Dow Jones is a stock market index that tracks the top 30 blue-chip companies in the United States. It provides a market performance indicator.

Difference Between NYSE and DOW Jones in Tabular Form

Parameters of Comparison NYSE Dow Jones
Type It is a transaction It's a list of things.
Firms It's a marketplace with thousands of businesses. It brings together the top 30 largest corporations.
Main Work In this computerized marketplace, investors can buy and sell assets. A key index that measures the performance of the stock market.
Existence Founded in 1792, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) was formed between 1896 and 1901. Three journalists founded the company in 1882.
Abbreviation The New York Stock Exchange is abbreviated as NYSE. Dow Jones is the abbreviation for Dow Jones Industrial Average.

What is NYSE?

In 1792, at 68 Wall Street, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) was founded, and 24 brokers and merchants negotiated the Buttonwood Agreement, which set the regulations for dealing in securities. New York Stock & Exchange Board was the organization's first name. In 1863, it was known as the New York Stock Exchange. At the time, the NYSE was solely open to male traders. A female merchant, Muriel Siebert, was only allowed to enter the market in 1967. In 1792, at 68 Wall Street, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) was founded, and 24 brokers and merchants negotiated the Buttonwood Agreement, which set the regulations for dealing in securities. In 1971, the NYSE became a non-profit organization, and in 2006, it became a publicly-traded company. Around this time, traders and the general public began trading stocks using an electronic system. In 2007, the New York Stock Exchange and Euronext merged, while the American Stock Exchange was purchased by NYSE in 2008. The Intercontinental Exchange later bought the NYSE for $8.2 billion. For all trades, the New York Stock Exchange uses a continuous auction process. Buyers and sellers compete for the best price on assets as brokers trade stocks. Despite its reputation for having a busy trading floor, the majority of stock transactions are now done electronically, with computers matching buyers and sellers.

For all trades, the New York Stock Exchange uses a continuous auction method. Buyers and sellers compete for the best price on assets as brokers trade shares. Despite its reputation for having a busy trading floor, the majority of stock transactions are now done electronically, with computers connecting buyers and sellers. The NYSE remains a hybrid market, even though most transactions now take place on electronic platforms. Stockbrokers can utilize this to send orders to the trading floor or an electronic platform and floor brokers will fill them. To signify the start and finish of trading, the NYSE first used a gavel, but in 1870 it switched to a Chinese gong. The gong was replaced by a brass bell when it was moved to its current location. The opening bell tolls at 9:30 a.m. Eastern Time, and the closing bell tolls at 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time.

The stock exchange's opening and closing bells are also utilized to announce a financial event or memorialize a significant event in New York City, and they are an important part of the stock exchange's brand. It's an honor to be asked to ring the NYSE bell. Several corporate executives, as well as a few celebrities, have been asked to ring the bell. The privilege was also extended to the police and fire departments of New York City, which responded to the call of duty during the September 11th attacks. The New York Stock Exchange is the largest and most active stock exchange in the world. Its equities are traded by investors from all over the world.

With an average daily volume of 2.4 billion shares, the NYSE is backed by a cutting-edge, dynamic technology infrastructure that is unparalleled in the financial markets. Designated Market Makers (DMMs), who are mandated by law to ensure fair, orderly, and liquid markets in their allocated securities on the NYSE Trading Floor, the only in-person trading venue for a global stocks exchange, provide human oversight and responsibility. By decreasing volatility, this hybrid method provides the optimal trading environment for equities.

What is Dow Jones?

The DJIA was established in 1896 with only 12 American companies, the majority of which were manufacturers. The index has changed to reflect the economy throughout time, and it now includes companies from several industries, including technology, health care, and retail. The index changes when one or more index components go bankrupt, making them less visible in their industry, or when the economy goes through a significant transition that must be reflected in the index's composition. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is widely seen as a leading indicator of the US stock market's and economy's progress. Simple and flexible trading is reflected in the Dow Jones futures and the S& P 500. As a result of market and economic developments, opportunities have arisen. Charles Dow, Edward Jones, and Charles Bergstresser, not the three individuals, created Dow Jones & Company in 1882. In the early years, Charles Dow and Edward Jones ran the company individually, earning a reputation for integrity. Following Dow's death in 1902, the company was purchased by Clarence Barron and Jessie Waldron, and control was passed to the Bancroft family. The Bancrofts sold Dow Jones & Company to News Corp. in 2007. Dow Jones & Company was still a major financial news source in 2020. Market Watch, Barron's, and The Wall Street Journal were among its publications. There was no impact from News Crop.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is sometimes mistaken for Dow Jones (DJIA). The DJIA, popularly known as "the Dow," is one of the world's most popular stock indexes, with companies such as Apple, Boeing, Microsoft, and Coca-Cola among its participants. The DJIA began with only 12 companies, the majority of which were in the manufacturing industry. It eventually grew to 30 businesses. Among the earliest enterprises founded were railroads, cotton, gas, sugar, tobacco, and oil. The DJIA is an important indicator of overall economic health since the success of industrial enterprises is commonly equated with that of the wider economy. Even though the health of the economy is now tied to many other sectors, the DJIA remains a significant indicator of the state of the US economy.

Even though the DJIA, or Dow Jones Industrial Average, or the Dow, is one of the most widely followed and oldest equity indexes in the world. When compared to more comprehensive business indices like the Russell 3000 or S&P 500 Index, many individuals believe it is an incomplete representation of the entire US stock market. Many mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that hold the same equities as the index in the same proportions and imitate the index's performance before fees and expenditures can be purchased through any electronic trading platform or brokerage. State Street Corporation offers an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that replicates the performance of the index.

Difference Between NYSE and DOW Jones In Points

  • The NYSE is an exchange that allows investors and traders to buy and sell securities without having to physically visit a trading floor, whereas the Dow Jones is an index that gives traders and investors an idea of how the market is performing.
  • The NYSE is a stock market index in the United States that includes thousands of companies, whereas the Dow is a stock market index in the United States that contains 30 major enterprises that are industry leaders and substantial contributors to the industry and stock market.
  • The NYSE is primarily made up of technology companies that are still in the early stages of growth. Whereas Dow distributes the profits of the companies, they may be taken away if stock prices decrease.
  • The NYSE is calculated using the average market capitalization of many of the index's companies as well as the value of the company's outstanding shares. Whereas Dow Jones is a price-weighted average index, which implies that when calculating the average price, no stock splits or modifications are taken into account.
  • The rise and fall of the NYSE stock market are mostly controlled by the performance of the technology sector, whereas the Dow's performance is determined by the performance of the 30 largest companies as a group rather than individual stocks.


The performance of many stock market indices is regularly tracked and reflected in the overall performance of the stock market. Stock indexes are a collection of equities designed to reflect the market's overall performance. Options and futures contracts, which are also traded on regulated exchanges, are used to trade stock market indices. Even though market indexes are referred to as NYSE vs. Dow Jones because the NYSE is also an electronic exchange, an investor can only buy and sell stocks on the NYSE. Furthermore, because they only reflect a small number of enterprises based on the criteria given in this article, these indices are not traceable (price-weighted and Market capitalization-based). Trading choices include exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and index funds. The Dow is an index, while the NYSE is a stock market where investors gather to buy and sell stocks. Because it averages the top 30 blue-chip stocks in the economy, the Dow gives an idea of how the market is doing. The NYSE exchange is where hundreds of corporations' deals take place.


  1. "Dow Jones Companies Sorted by Weight". Slick charts. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  2. "Dow Falls 190; Drop Is Worst Since '87 Crash"Los Angeles Times. October 14, 1989. Archived from the original on July 29, 2020. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  3. Merriam-WebsterArchivedfrom the original on January 20, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2012(subscription required)
  4. ^ "The NYSE Makes Stock Exchanges Around The World Look Tiny"Business InsiderArchived from the original on January 26, 2017. Retrieved March 26, 2017.


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"Difference Between NYSE and Dow Jones." Diffzy.com, 2024. Fri. 01 Mar. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-nyse-and-dow-jones-493>.

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