Difference Between NRE and NRO Account

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: September 24, 2022

       

Difference Between NRE and NRO Account Difference Between NRE and NRO Account

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Introduction

Globalization has become the new normal in the modern world. Every day, people travel to different nations in search of better possibilities. Indians are widely recognized for their ability to work and live in many countries. Over 1.3 crore NRIs and PIOs were anticipated to be residing in other nations in 2021. Legally, Indians earning in a foreign government cannot use a regular savings account. Special accounts such as NRO and NRE have been made available for such transactions.NRE and NRO accounts function in the same way. The decision between NRE and NRO accounts is determined by whether the investment is repatriable or not. Therefore, NRIs must specify the manner of investment while investing in India.

Suppose the payment method is entirely repatriable. You must open an NRE account; these deposits are entirely repatriable. You must select an NRO account if the payment method is non-repatriable. If the investment is not tax-exempt when redeemed, the tax is deducted at the time of redemption. Before investing, choose an NRE account if you want to send the funds out of India following the rescue. While supporting India, NRIs must preserve transparency. The facility of redeeming capital invested in India is available only to NRIs, who must provide their overseas address when filling out the NRI banking form.

Raj is a Non-Resident Indian (NRI) in the United Kingdom. He's doing well with the business he started there. However, he is responsible for his dependent sibling in India. Therefore, he frequently transfers funds to his Non-Resident External (NRE) account. His Non-Resident Ordinary (NRO) account is also credited on time. Sameer, Raj's coworker, was intrigued by Raj's feelings for his brother. In addition, Sameer was curious about the reports that Raj was managing while he was away.

NRE Vs. NRO Account

Repatriation is restricted to NRO accounts. An NRO account prohibits you from remitting more than USD 1 million, including taxes, during an assessment year. The interest amount can be repatriated freely. However, the principal amount can only be repatriated within certain restrictions. It is also necessary to provide an undertaking and a certificate from a Chartered Accountant. However, repatriation of both the principal and interest sum is free for NRE account holders. In India, an NRE account is tax-free (there is no income tax, wealth tax, or gift tax). The interest generated in NRO accounts and credit balances, on the other hand, is subject to the applicable income tax bracket. They are also subject to relevant gift and estate taxes.

You can take advantage of the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement's lower tax benefit (DTAA). A combined NRE account is only possible if both partners are NRIs. On the other hand, as specified in Section 6 of the Companies Act 1956, you can register an NRO account with another NRI or a resident Indian (a close relative). The NRE and NRO accounts fulfill distinct functions. An NRE account enables simple repatriation and transferability. The NRO account is meant to keep cash earned from Indian revenue sources; therefore, if you have one, open an NRO account. However, if you want to transfer international money into Indian rupees, the NRE account is the best option. NRE account deposits generate tax-free interest and are not subject to repatriation limits.

Difference Between  NRE And NRO Account in Tabular Form

Table: NRE Vs. NRO Account
Parameter Of Comparison
NRE Account
NRO Account
Abbreviation
Non-Resident External Account
Non Resident Ordinary Account
Significance
It is an NRI account used to transfer profits abroad to India.
It is an NRI account used to handle revenue received in India.
Taxability
Earned interest is tax-free.
Earned interest is taxed.
Repatriability
Can be Repatriability
Can repatriation of the interest amount and the principal amount within the established restrictions
Joint Accounts
Two NRIs can open a joint account together.
An NRI can open a bank account with an Indian citizen or another NRI.
Withdrawals and Deposits
It is possible to deposit foreign money and withdraw in an Indian rupee.
Can deposit in both international and Indian capital, and remove in both.
Exchange Rate
Concerns
prone to danger
Not prone to danger

What Is An NRE Account?

A Non-Resident External (NRE) Account is a bank account in rupees that an NRI can open in India to deposit foreign currency earnings. Examples are savings accounts, current accounts, recurring deposits, and fixed deposit accounts. Individually or jointly, these accounts can be created. If you wish to create a joint account, you may only do so with another NRI. These accounts are very liquid, and NRIs can swiftly and completely repatriate funds to their home country.

Furthermore, the interest generated on this account is entirely tax-free. Earnings from outside India must be deposited into NRE accounts. NRIs cannot use these accounts to deposit their domestic payments (Indian income). Net banking also allows users to manage their accounts from anywhere. Furthermore, banks provide international debit cards that allow account holders to transact and withdraw funds internationally.

These accounts make it easier to invest in India. For example, NRIs who desire to invest in mutual funds in India can do so with their NRE account. This account may also be used in India for investments, business, and personal banking. However, exchange rate variations affect these accounts. This is because NRIs deposit money in foreign currencies and withdraw Indian rupees. As a result, the NRI may shrink more or less than the initial investment.

What is the purpose of having an NRE account?

According to the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) requirements, an NRI cannot hold bank savings account in India. Therefore, NRIs who want to conduct business in India must create a Non-Resident External account. This account in India allows NRIs to save money earned outside of India by sending it to India. This account will also enable NRIs to freely repatriate all of their money to their home country, which is not feasible without it. It will also allow an NRI to invest in India. In addition, a qualified family member in India can readily access the account's funds. As a result, it is a realistic choice for NRIs who wish to care for their families in India.

Criteria for obtaining an NRE Account

The following are the requirements for opening an NRE savings account:

  • Should be an Indian non-resident (NRI).
  • Indian citizens are studying, working, or doing business in another nation.
  • Individuals employed by the Indian government or a public sector company and assigned to UN organizations.
  • Indians who work as mariners, sailors, or staff of foreign airlines.
  • Indian national or Indian citizen living abroad.
  • At some point in his life, he held an Indian passport.
  • The Indian Citizen Act of 1955 or the Constitution of India made a parent or grandparent an Indian citizen.
  • Spouse of a PIO or spouse of an Indian citizen.

NRE Account Benefits

  • An NRE account allows the account user to deposit monies earned in another nation back into India. Some of the advantages of having this account are as follows:
  • The money in your NRE savings account is fully refundable. In addition, money can be easily transferred from India to other overseas accounts in additional funds.
  • In India, the interest generated on funds in an NRE account is not taxed. Additionally, the funds are subject to the tax laws of the nation of residency.
  • NRE savings accounts are kept in Indian rupees as well. The account's principal purpose is to credit monies transferred from an offshore account.
  • These accounts may be shared with another NRI.
  • One can withdraw money from this account using an international debit card.
  • These accounts are suitable for both personal and corporate use. It may also be used to invest in India, for example, in mutual funds.

What Is An NRO Account?

Handle the money they made in India. An NRO account can deposit interest, dividends, rentals, and other income generated in India. The account may accept deposits in foreign currencies as well as Indian currency. Withdrawals, however, are only made in Indian rupees. Furthermore, any warranties in this account are not freely convertible into foreign currency. Savings accounts, current accounts, and fixed deposit accounts are all examples of NRO accounts. An NRI can also create a joint NRO account with a resident or non-resident Indian. An NRO account allows you to invest in mutual funds and other investment vehicles easily. Loans on NRO fixed deposits are also available. These loans usually have cheaper interest rates than ordinary loans.

NRO accounts make it easier to send money from India to other countries. Non-resident Indians, on the other hand, can transfer up to $1 million every year. They will also be required to complete repatriation forms. In addition, the depositor must pay repatriation fees. However, there are no currency exchange risks during the transfer.TDS, or tax deducted at source, applies to interest income earned through NRO accounts. The interest income is then attached to the depositors' earnings and taxed at the appropriate income tax slab rate. In addition, the account is liable to gift and wealth taxes.

NRO Account Advantages

These accounts assist you in managing your Indian investments, savings, and income. An NRO account has the following advantages:

  • Deposit rupee earnings: As an NRI, you may have regular income sources within India, such as rent and dividends. These may be safely deposited in an NRO account and used to manage your rupee spending.
  • Get loans: NRO fixed deposits can be used as collateral for loans. These loans often have minimum interest rates than unsecured loans.
  • Hold accounts jointly: You can register an NRO account with a local family member, for example, who can smoothly manage your Invest with confidence: Using an NRO account, you may easily invest in mutual funds and Indian bonds. Indian financial obligations.
  • DBS Treasures provides higher interest rates on NRI savings accounts and preferential remittance rates.
  • Repatriate funds: If you've sold a home or liquidated investments and wish to send the money back to your home country, you can deposit it in an NRO account and send it back to your home country (up to USD 1 million a year). In India, you may be required to pay income tax and complete repatriation documents.

Main Difference Between NRE And NRO Account in Points

  • An NRO account is a bank account in India created in the name of an NRI to handle his money earned in India. Rent, dividends, pensions, interest, and other sources of income are among them.
  • The tax exemption applies to NRE accounts. These accounts' balances and interest earned are both tax-free. However, the interest received on an NRO account is taxed at 30% under the Income Tax Act of 1961.
  • The principal money in an NRE account and any income earned on it can be repatriated. In other words, if you have an NRE account, you can transfer these funds to a foreign account. In addition, the interest earned on an NRO account can be repatriated; However, you can only remit USD 1 million in a financial year for the principal amount.
  • One or more NRIs or Indian citizens can create a joint NRO account with an NRI. However, a combined NRE account may only be opened with another NRI.
  • Income earned outside of India can be deposited into any of these accounts. On the other hand, income earned in India may only be put into the NRO account. Withdrawals from both versions are only possible in INR.
  • There is no exchange rate risk in an NRO account, provided the deposit and withdrawal are both done in INR; nevertheless, currency changes render you vulnerable to exchange rate risks in an NRE account.
  • You can transfer money from one NRE account to another and from one NRE account to another NRE account. However, it is impossible to transfer funds from an NRO account to an NRE account.
  • A combined NRE account with a resident Indian is not possible. NRE accounts need the joint account holder to be an NRI, whereas NRO accounts have no limitations. However, an NRO account can be opened with a resident Indian as a joint account holder.
  • An NRE account's deposits are subject to exchange rate swings and conversion loss. On the other hand, NRO account deposits are not affected by daily currency changes.

Conclusion

The Indian government offers a slew of incentives to foreign companies. The most significant NRI account features with India Infoline are accounts that may be created online with video verification and a variety of tools available to NRIs. You may have a significant investment trip in India with the range of NRI investing options supplied by India Infoline. You can open an NRO account if your total income comprises revenue produced in India and you wish to manage it within the nation. If you want to move your international money to India and avoid paying taxes, you can create an NRE account. Repatriation is restricted.NRO accounts. You cannot remit more than USD 1 million inclusive of taxes during an assessment year if you have an NRO account. The interest amount can be repatriated without restriction. However, the principal amount is restricted. An undertaking is also required, and a certificate from a Chartered Accountant. NRE account holders, on the other hand, can repatriate both the capital and the interest for free.

References

  • https://www.axisbank.com/progress-with-us/money-matters/save-invest/nre-or-nro-which-account-best-suits-your-
  • https://www.indiainfoline.com/knowledge-center/trading-account/difference-between-nre-and-nro-account

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"Difference Between NRE and NRO Account." Diffzy.com, 2022. Sun. 27 Nov. 2022. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-nre-and-nro-account-342>.



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