Difference Between Mortgage and Deed of Trust

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Mortgage and Deed of Trust

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Although the terms mortgage and deed of trust are sometimes used interchangeably, they are two distinct forms of contracts. A mortgage is a direct agreement between the borrower and the lender. The borrower owns the property and promises it to the lender as collateral for the loan. The borrower does not own the property while using a deed of trust. Instead, a third party, a trustee, has a temporary hold on the title and will only release it to the borrower, known as the trustor, when the debt is fully repaid. This distinction between mortgages and deeds of trust becomes critical if a borrower fails on the loan and the lender is forced to foreclose. Despite their similarities, the two security systems result in quite distinct foreclosure procedures involving different amounts of people. As a result, you'll be able to distinguish between a deed of trust and a mortgage with greater ease.

A house loan is frequently referred to as a "mortgage," however, a mortgage is not a loan arrangement. The promissory note comprises the pledge to repay money borrowed to buy a house. A "mortgage" is a legally binding contract between you and the lender that creates a lien against the property. Some states generate the lien with mortgages, while others employ deeds of trust or another similar-sounding instrument. The mortgage or deed of trust provides the lender the power to foreclose if you fail to make the monthly payments or otherwise violate the loan arrangement.

Mortgage vs. Deed Of Trust

The significant distinction between a mortgage and a deed of trust is that a mortgage transaction involves just two persons. A borrower, also known as a mortgagor, is one of the parties. This system is limited, including dual functioning, since the other party lends, generally referred to as the mortgagee. However, there are three persons involved in the deed of trust procedure. The first is the one who makes the first move, the second is the borrower, and the third is the trustee. In most circumstances, a business or firm acts as a trustee. The mortgage foreclosure method involves only actions related to a court or judicial procedures. This procedure includes a notification, reasonable redeeming, litigation, legislative forgiveness, a sheriff's deed and sale, a deficiency judgment, and a year to save. The mortgage holder can redeem the property before the foreclosure is finalized. However, if the owner makes timely payments, he has the chance to keep them at any time. He also has a year to pay 'equity of redemption and must return all obligations.

Difference Between Mortgage And Deed Of Trust in Tabular Form

Parameters Of Comparison Mortgage Deed Of Trust
Participation There are two parties engaged in this situation: (Borrower and the lender) There are three parties in this situation: (Borrower, lender, and trustee)
Repossession Procedure Merely administrative actions are involved: a notice of defaults, reasonable redemption, a note of auction, court or lawsuit, statutory redemption, county sheriff deed and sale, deficient verdict, and a year to redeem are available. Trustees' deed and auction, no redemption, a notice of sale, a three-month notice of default, trustee's deed or court action, and reinstatement period



Alternative Title A mortgage note is another name for it. Trust deed is another name for this.
Deficiency Evaluation A deficiency judgment is conceivable throughout this procedure. It is not feasible to make a deficiency judgment.
Restrictions status Outlaw 4 years after the last payment. It is outlawed for four years by Trust note but never by Trust deed.
Possession The property is kept in trust by a third party known as a trustee until the borrower pays off the obligation. The property belongs to the borrower, but it is pledged to the lender as collateral for the loan.
Procedure of Eviction Nonjudicial foreclosure is permitted. Before foreclosing on a property, the lender must go to court.
Preferable Lenders prefer it the most. Borrowers prefer it the most.

What Is Mortgage?

A mortgage is basically known as a contract between a borrower and a lender to purchase a real estate in which the borrower promises to repay the lender over time, generally in monthly installments. If the borrower fails on the loan, the property acts as collateral. Unlike a judgment lien, a mortgage is a sort of voluntary lien on a property. If a borrower falls behind on payments, the lender has the power to seize the property, evict the tenants, and sell it. The mortgage process involves only two participants. One of the parties is the borrower, often known as a mortgagor. This method is limited to dual-party operation since the lender is a separate party, often known as the mortgagee. The mortgage foreclosure procedure only includes acts related to a court or judicial actions. A shortfall judgment can also be awarded in the case of a mortgage. In a mortgage, both the contract and the note from the last payment date or due date prohibit four years. It does not provide relief, and the sums involved are also non-collectible. The phrase mortgage note often refers to a mortgage.

Transfer Of Mortgage

Mortgage transfers between banks and other companies are relatively regular. A mortgage is recorded and frequently registered in county records when shifted from one party to another. An "assignment of mortgage" is the documentation used to transmit a mortgage from one entity to the other.

Parties Involved In Mortgage

Whenever we borrowed the money to buy your house, you probably signed a mortgage or a deed of trust based on where we reside. The following are the two entities that sign into a mortgage contract:

  • The mortgagee (the lender)
  • The mortgagee (the lender)

Foreclosures On Mortgages

The loan owner has the right to sell the secured property through the foreclosure process if the mortgagor fails to make payments or otherwise breaches the loan agreement. In jurisdictions where mortgages are the security instrument, judicial foreclosures, which must go via the state court system, are common. However, nonjudicial foreclosures are expected in a few states that employ mortgages, such as Alabama and Michigan. This is because the wording of the mortgage contracts and state legislation allows lenders to undertake out-of-court mortgage foreclosures in these states.

Process Of Mortgage

This procedure includes notice of default, fair redeeming, a notice of auction, court or litigation, legal atonement, sheriff's deed and sale, deficit verdict, and a year to save. Before a bankruptcy judgment is issued, the mortgage owner's right to reclaim the estate. If the payments are due, the owner, on the other hand, has the right to redeem them at any time. He also has a year to pay 'equity of redemption' and is required to repay all debts in full.

What Is Deed Of Trust?

Three persons are involved in the trust deed procedure. The first is the one who initiates the borrowing, the second is the borrower, and the third is the trustee. The trustee is typically a business or firm. The deed of trust procedure includes the trustee's deed and sale, all sales final, no redeeming, a notice of default for three months, a trustee's deed or a court/judicial action, and a restoration period. A mortgage or an act of trust guarantees a debt by pledging real property. This document can be used instead of a mortgage in some states.

Parties Involved In Deed Of Trust

A mortgage has two parties, but a deed of trust has three:

  • The borrower
  •  The lender (sometimes known as a "beneficiary")
  • The trustee

The trustee is an unbiased third party who legally owns the property "bare." If the trustor fails to make payments, the trustee's principal responsibility is to sell the property at a public auction.

How Does A Trust Deed Operate?

A trust deed includes a trustor, a beneficiary, and a trustee. The trust provides a remedy for the lender, allowing them to have the property sold by the trustee, take it back, or demand prompt repayment of the loan in order to protect their investment. The trust essentially serves as collateral for the promissory note, which is the borrower's pledge to repay the debt.

The Trusteeship

The individual whose assets are being placed in the trust is known as the trustor. In the event of a real estate transaction, the borrower is involved. The trust receives the official legal ownership of its property. While the legal title is held in confidence and identifies the valid owner of the property, the borrower keeps equitable title as long as the trust's terms and conditions are followed (we'll go over some of the common terminologies later). Having equitable title implies that you may enjoy the benefits of property ownership regardless of who legally owns the property. For example, one has the right to reside there and acquire equity in the property when you make payments or the value improves, among other things.

The Beneficiary

The individual or entity whose financial interest is being protected is the beneficiary of a deed of trust in a real estate transaction. This is usually a lender, but it might also be a person if you have a land contract with someone to purchase a property entirely eventually. In exchange for supplying you with the money for the property, the lender receives assurance that you will repay the debt through the deed of trust.

The Trustee

The trustee's function is to maintain the legal title until the payments are made. The trustee is intended to be unbiased and not do anything that unfairly advantages the trustee or the beneficiary.

Process Of Deed Of Trust

If the foreclosure proceeds to the courts, the lender's authority to enforce the deed of trust will stay unchanged. In the setting of a Trustee's sale, a deficiency judgment is not feasible. It also restricts the use of a Trust note or Deed of Trust four years after the last settlement date. The lender has always had the ability to sell the trustee in order to recover the unpaid debt or amount in the case of a trust deed. It also restricts the use of a Trust note or Deed of Trust four years after the last payment date. However, in the event of a trust deed, the lender can always sell the trustee to repay the outstanding loan or obligation. As a result, it is never outlawed. A Deed of Trust is sometimes known as a 'trust deed.'

Main Differences Between a Mortgage And a Deed Of Trust in Points

  • For starters, a trust deed differs from a mortgage in terms of the number of parties participating in the deal. A mortgage involves two parties: the lender and the borrower. A trust deed comprises three parties: a beneficiary (lender), a trustee (borrower), and the trustee, a neutral third party (usually a title or escrow company).
  • Next, in the case of loan nonpayment, the foreclosure type in a mortgage differs from that in a trust deed. A mortgage includes a lender initiating judicial foreclosure. In contrast, a non-judicial foreclosure is usually done through the use of an act of trust. Non Judicial foreclosures are the most prevalent kind of foreclosure in California.
  • The timing and cost of a judicial foreclosure vs. a nonjudicial foreclosure differ dramatically. A judicial mortgage foreclosure happens when a lender goes to court to get a deficiency judgment in order to foreclose on a house. If the borrower fails without going to court, the trustee has the ability to sell the residence and pay off any outstanding loan debt.
  • There are just two parties engaged in the mortgage procedure. One of the parties is the borrower, often known as a mortgagor. A deed of trust, on the other hand, requires the participation of three people
  • The mortgage foreclosure procedure only includes acts connected to a court or judicial actions. The system of the deed of trust, on the other hand, consists of the trustee's deed and sale, all sales final, Etcetera, and the reinstatement time.
  • The owner of a mortgage has the right of redemption prior to the foreclosure decision. However, in the event of a deed to the trust, the owner has the same redemption rights as a mortgage if legal methods do the foreclosure.
  • In the event of a mortgage, the lender also can issue a deficiency judgment. In the event of a deed of trust, however, if the foreclosure is done through the courts, the lender's rights remain the same.
  • Four years are prohibited in a mortgage contract and note from the final payment date or due date. However, in the event of a trust note or a deed of trust, it also prohibits payment four years after the last payment date.


While mortgages and deeds of trust are identical in that they both involve a borrower putting up the title to property investment as security (collateral) for a loan, there are notable variations between these legal mechanisms. For example, mortgages and deeds of trust differ in the parties involved and, in many circumstances, the foreclosure procedure. Nevertheless, there are several parallels between mortgages and trust deeds. In addition to fulfilling the same function, the borrower is subject to the same restrictions. In either situation, the homeowner is still responsible for making their monthly mortgage payment until the debt is paid in full. Otherwise, they risk losing their home to foreclosure.



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"Difference Between Mortgage and Deed of Trust." Diffzy.com, 2024. Fri. 17 May. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-mortgage-and-deed-of-trust-264>.

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