Difference Between Map and Globe

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: October 05, 2022


Difference Between Map and Globe Difference Between Map and Globe

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Geography is the study of the land and its components. Geography is all about comprehending the earth's intricacies. Human geography and physical geography are the two branches of geography. Human geography is concerned with people, their cultures, and interactions, whereas physical geography is concerned with our atmosphere and natural environment. A globe and a map are two tools that can be used to explore the structure and geography of our planet.

Map vs Globe

The major distinction between a map and a globe is that a map can depict any area of the land (a city, a two, a country, or a continent), whereas a globe always shows the entire earth. Map reveals the most minute aspects of the Earth. It may reveal even little data about a village or the relief features of distinct places. Globe merely displays us the primary features of the Earth, such as oceans, seas, and continents.

Difference Between Map and Globe in Tabular Form

Table: Map vs Globe
Parameters of Comparison
A map is a graphical depiction of geography that includes land, sea, mountains, and other physical characteristics.
A globe is spherical that symbolizes the entire Earth.
A map is a two-dimensional representation of a landscape.
A globe is a three-dimensional model of the Earth.
Latitudes and Longitudes
Horizontal and vertical lines are used to depict latitudes and longitudes, respectively. Because latitudes and longitudes are shown as straight lines, the form and size of the continents are distorted.
Latitudes and longitudes are depicted as circles and semicircles that circle the earth. The shape and scale of the continents are not distorted.
A map might depict the entire planet or simply a portion of it. It is a scaled-down portrayal of the Earth on a flat surface.
A globe always reflects the entire globe. It is the most accurate representation of the Earth.
Information and Details
A map provides more information and specifics about a location's geography.
A globe has fewer details than a map.
Carried Maps are readily folded and handled. Large globes are tough to work with.

What is a Map?

A map illustrates specific geographical areas using images and general contours. It displays an area's aerial view perspective. Maps can be static or dynamic. Maps are most commonly used to depict geography, but they can also be used to portray any fictitious worlds or spaces.

An atlas is a collection of maps. Maps typically provide distance, direction, and symbols. The distance between locations is determined by the scale chosen for each map. Smaller scales are used to represent big areas, whereas larger scales are used to represent smaller areas. The symbols of North, East, South, and West determine the direction.

There are three types of maps: physical maps, political maps, and thematic maps. A physical map depicts physical characteristics such as mountains, rivers, plateaus, and so forth. A political map depicts the boundaries of states, cities, and towns, whereas a thematic map depicts highways, rainfall, and industry dispersion.

Cartography is the art of making maps, and a cartographer is a mapmaker. Road maps are the most commonly used maps in the world. They are used to find a path to a specific location. Google Maps is a popular program that includes an online map collection, a navigation system, and even an offline map of the city you reside in.

Types of Map

Political Boundary Maps

Political maps are those that depict the borders of countries, states, and other political units. A typical political map in the United States depicts nearly 50 states.

Election Result Maps

They are classified as a form of political map that displays election results by geographic subdivision or voting district. The red-state/blue-state maps are used in the United States during presidential elections.

Physical Maps

The topographic land structure is depicted on this map. There are various color gradient reliefs. Dark greens, for example, are utilized for sea-level heights, green grading to tan, and brown for elevation gain. While the shades of grey are at the highest elevation.

Digital Road, Street, and Highway Maps

Google Maps provides specific tools that allow us to search for "nearby" restaurants, hotels, bars and pubs, museums, bike stores, pizza hubs, schools, and so on. If we allow Google Maps to access our present location, we can simply reach our destination by following the Google directions.

Topographic Map

This sort of map depicts the earth's topography using brown contour lines. This map depicts roads, location names, waterways, and other elements.

Time Zone Maps

The world's 24-hour time zones are depicted in different color bands on this style of map. We can determine the period between these two sites by following the numbers at the top and bottom of the chart.

Geologic Map

The road and street colors are depicted in color on the geological map. These geological maps are critical initial steps in doing an earthquake risk assessment.

Zip Code Maps

Zip Code Maps display zip codes in different states. They are maps that depict the approximate boundaries of the United States Postal Service's zip code areas. They are superimposed on a base map that depicts the zip code coverage region.

Weather Maps

Weather maps depict greater temperatures that are expected in a given country. The National Weather Service, which operates in all countries, created this map.

Species Distribution Maps

These maps depict certain flora and animals that can be found in that location.

Any map should include five elements that you should be able to recognize. The title, legend, grid, Compass Ross, and scale are all included.

  • Title- It explains the purpose of the map. The title of the map is significant since it describes the map's subject matter.
  • A Legend or a key – It describes how the map's markers, colors, and symbols work. It functions as a decoder for the data frame's symbology. Without it, the map's color scheme and symbols will be meaningless.
  • Scale – Without a certain scale, no map can be made. In most cases, the scale is specified in one corner. It specifies the actual distance between two points on the earth's surface. It aids in comprehending the true size and distance of the things displayed. Words (e.g., "one inch equals one mile"), a ratio, or a fraction can all be used to illustrate scale (e.g., 1:63,360).
  • Compass Rose– Following that, most maps incorporate a compass rose. A compass rose is a figure that resembles a cross and indicates direction. The four cardinal directions – north, east, south, and west – as well as the ordinal directions – northeast, southeast, northwest, and southwest – are shown on compass roses.
  • Grid– The grid, is a series of lines on the map that represent coordinates. Longitude and latitude lines are used to precisely pinpoint specific places on maps in a grid.

What is a Globe?

A globe is a spherical three-dimensional representation of the earth. A globe can also be a representation of another planet or celestial body. A terrestrial globe is a globe of Earth, whereas a celestial globe is a globe of any other celestial body. A globe of the Earth primarily displays two colors: brown and blue. The color blue signifies the oceans and other bodies of water, while the color brown denotes land. The word globe derives from the Latin word 'globus,' which means spherical.

Since the third century BC, we have known that the Earth is a sphere. Around that time, in modern-day Turkey, the first globe was invented. They were not as precise as those available today. Today's globes are the same size as countries, oceans, and continents.

Globes revolve around an axis that is fixed in place. The axis slants the globe's alignment. The axis needles point to the north and south poles, respectively. Globes exist in a range of sizes and materials, including glass, plastic, and metal.

Types Of Globe

Spinning Globes

There are plenty of globes that will spin for a few seconds if you give them a decent nudge, but not many that will spin indefinitely.

Historical Globes

Some of the most beautiful globes available today include historical designs, either direct facsimiles of centuries-old globes or contemporary designs influenced by globe-making history.

Handmade Globes

While most globes are mass-produced nowadays, some, like those from centuries ago, are handcrafted. Handmade can refer to a variety of things, such as hand-turned, hand-plastered, hand-painted, hand-papered, or, in the case of glass globes, mouth-blown!

Inflatable Globes

You won't be able to beat the pricing of an inflatable globe, no matter what size you're looking for. But be warned: these blow-up globes may leave you gasping for air!

Illuminated Globes

Illuminated globes have become so popular that it's difficult to locate a globe without an interior light in some stores! Check out our tour of some of the more odd-lit globes available for purchase.

Levitating Globes

Magnets controlled by complicated electronics suspend levitating globes in mid-air. Take a look if you want a globe that defies gravity!

Art Globes

To some extent, every globe is a piece of art. Some artists, on the other hand, have used globes as inspiration for their more abstract works.

Relief Globes

Raised relief globes, which depict mountain ranges as crinkles on the sphere's surface, have been around for quite some time. Globemakers, on the other hand, have recently taken three-dimensionality to the next level.

Educational Globes

Every globe, in my opinion, is educational, serving as a reminder that we live on a small planet. Some globes, on the other hand, go a step further, assisting children in learning about the world in a surprising number of enjoyable ways.

Magnetic Globes

Do you ever lose track of where you are in the world? You might want to use magnetic markers to remind you not only where you are, but also where you've been, where you're going, and what's going on where.

Cork Pin Globes

Try putting pins in a cork globe instead of magnetic markings on a metal globe for a more natural look. You'll receive more precise results, and you can buy as many extra pins as you need from your local stationer!

Wooden Globes

Though wood has traditionally been used to produce globe bases, it is only recently that globemakers have resorted to this most natural of materials to create the globes themselves.

Paper Globes

Did you know you could construct a paper globe? Take a look at this most basic of all worlds.

Main Differences Between Map and Globe in Points

  1. On paper, a map represents a geographical region. A globe, on the other hand, is a sphere that can spin around an axis and depicts the world map.
  2. A map has two dimensions, whereas a globe has three dimensions.
  3. A map is more detailed than a globe and thus more informative.
  4. Globes are large earth models that are difficult to transport. Maps are easily transportable.
  5. Maps are lighter than globes.
  6. A map can help you find your way around a place, but a globe cannot.
  7. In globes, latitudes and longitudes are depicted as circles and semicircles, whereas in maps, they are represented as horizontal and vertical lines.

Both globes and maps have advantages and disadvantages, with the globe representing directions and distances more accurately than a map. Similarly, maps outperform globes in terms of several advantages. Maps are often tiny, making them easy to store, transport, and manage. Furthermore, the map may be viewed on multiple screen sizes and can display a greater area at once.


Geography is a vital topic of study that teaches us about the world we live in. We learn about our surroundings and the environment in which we live. It also assists us in locating and navigating locations. A globe is mostly used for research, but a map is utilized for more practical purposes. A globe cannot be used for navigation since it lacks roads and other characteristics that a map does. A map can represent a specific place on a broad scale and aid us in navigating.

Both the globe and maps have their pros and disadvantages. In terms of distance and direction, a map is less precise than a globe. Maps are also smaller, lighter, and easier to transport than globes. Maps are now available for free on smartphones! However, this is not the case with the globes. Globes can also be fairly costly, depending on the materials used to construct them.


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"Difference Between Map and Globe." Diffzy.com, 2022. Fri. 09 Dec. 2022. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-map-and-globe-562>.

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