The Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area and gained independence in 1947. It is a democratic country. India is called a country that has “Unity in Diversity” because it has people from different cultures, religions, and tribes’ lives. There are 28 states and 8 union territories. Each state has its own culture and beauty. Out of the 28 states, we will talk about Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh in this article.
Maharashtra vs. Andhra Pradesh
Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh are both states of India. Maharashtra is located in the western region, and Andhra Pradesh is in the southern region.
Difference Between Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh in Tabular Form
|Parameters of comparison||Maharashtra||Andhra Pradesh|
|Location||Western Region||Southern Region|
|Formation||1 May 1960||1 November 1956|
|Economy||Manufacturing, agriculture, textiles||Agriculture, textiles, pharmaceuticals|
What is Maharashtra?
Maharashtra is a state in India which is located in the western part of India. Maharashtra occupies a substantial portion of the Deccan plateau in the western part of the Indian subcontinent. It is bounded by the Indian states of Gujarat to the northwest, Madhya Pradesh to the north, Telangana to the southeast, Karnataka to the south, and Goa to the southwest, and by the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and the Arabian Sea to its west.
A Chinese traveler, Huan Tsang, mentioned the Maharashtra name in the 7th century. Maharashtra was formed on 1 May 1960. It is divided into 36 districts and 6 divisions. Mumbai is the capital city and the largest city, India’s commercial and financial capital, and Nagpur is the winter capital. Mumbai is also the entertainment hub of India. Marathi is the native language. Maharashtra is the second largest populous country, with an area of 307,713 square kilometres. The Godavari and the Krishna are the two major rivers flowing in the state. Maharashtra is divided into five geographic regions. Konkan is located in the western coastal region, Khandesh in the northern region, Desh in the centre of the state, Marathwada in the southern region, and Vidarbha in the easternmost region of the state.
The government of Maharashtra is the state governing authority. It is a democratically elected government with 288 MLAs elected to the Vidhan Sabha for a five-year term. The Governor of the state is Ramesh Bais, and the Chief Minister is Eknath Shinde. There are 78 members of the council. The High Court of Judicature at Bombay and the Chief Justice is Devendra Kumar Upadhyaya.
Maharashtra is notorious for India’s largest commercial and industrial centres, also called the “Gateway of India”. It plays a significant role in the country’s social and political life. It is famous for its culture and beauty. Its economy is grounded on agriculture, manufacturing, and textiles, contributing about a 14% share of the Indian economy. It is a hub of manufacturing, finance, and administration. Pune is the artistic capital of Maharashtra. Maharashtra is the major producer of sugarcane, cotton, and soybeans.
The climate of Maharashtra is tropical monsoons as it receives heavy rainfall during the monsoon season, with the summer being hot and winters being chilly. Winter season sets in from October and lasts till February, summers start from March and last till May, and the monsoon rain starts from June and lasts till September. The presence of the sea and the Western Ghats is responsible for it.
The state has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its historical landmarks, cuisine, and festivals. The ancient cave paintings found at Ajanta and Ellora, Elephanta Caves, and Mahabaleshwar are popular tourist destinations. Ganesh Chaturthi is the most popular and important festival celebrated in the state, the celebration of the birth of God Ganesha.
What is Andhra Pradesh?
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 28 states in India, which is in the southern region. It has shared borders with Telangana, Chattisgarh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and the Bay of Bengal. Telangana was a region within the state for many decades but got approval from the parliament to form a new state in 2014.
Andhra Pradesh was set up on 1 November 1956. The state has 26 districts; Amaravati is the capital, and Visakhapatnam is the largest city. The city of Visakhapatnam is a major industrial and port city. Telugu is the official language and is used by the majority of the people, and Urdu is the second majority language. Andhra Pradesh is the seventh-largest state, with an area of 160,205 square kilometres, and the tenth most populous state.
The government of Andhra Pradesh is for the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is an elected government with 175 MLAs elected to the legislative assembly of Andhra Pradesh for a five-year term. The state is governed by S. Abdul Nazeer, the Chief Minister is Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy, and the first Chief Minister is Tanguturi Prakasam. There are 58 members in the council. The judicial High Court of Andhra Pradesh is in Amaravati, and the Chief Justice is Dhiraj Singh Thakur.
The state’s economy primarily includes agriculture, aquaculture, industries, pharmaceuticals, and mining activity. 60% of the population is engaged in agriculture and other related activities. Andhra Pradesh is the leading rice-growing state; the state is also known as the “rice bowl of India” because of the production of rice. Other important crops are tobacco, cotton, maize, pulses, etc. The state’s rivers, the Godavari, the Krishna, and the Penneru, account for the irrigation. Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of shrimp; the geographical location of the state allows marine fishing and inland fish production. IT industry, automobiles, mines and minerals, horticulture, and pharmaceuticals are the main industries in Andhra Pradesh.
The climate of Andhra Pradesh is generally hot and humid in the lowland coastal regions, while it is mostly semi-arid in parts. The summer season starts from March and extends to May or June. During these months, the moisture level is relatively higher than in winter, and it is generally higher in the coastal lowlands. The summer is followed by the monsoon season, which starts in May or June and continues till October. October to February are the winter months in the Andhra Pradesh.
The tourist destinations of Andhra Pradesh include religious pilgrims such as Venkateswara Temple at Tirupati, Shahi Jamia Masjid in Adoni, Gurudala Church in Vijayawada, and Buddhist centres at Amaravati and Nagarjuna Konda. The state has beaches such as Rushikonda, Mypadu, and Suryalanka and caves such as Borra Caves, Undavalli Caves, and Belum Caves. The valleys and hills include Araku Valley, Horsley Hills, Papi Hills, And Gandikota Gorge. Also, the state has 32 museums with a variety of collections of ancient sculptures, paintings, idols, weapons, cutlery, inscriptions, and religious artefacts.
Difference between Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh in points
- The main difference between Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh is their official language. Marathi is spoken extensively in Maharashtra, whereas Telugu is in Andhra Pradesh.
- Maharashtra is situated in the western part of India, while Andhra Pradesh is in the southern part.
- Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra, and Amaravati is the capital of Andhra Pradesh.
- The economy of Maharashtra is based on agriculture, manufacturing, and textiles, while Andhra Pradesh is based on agriculture, mining, industries, and pharmaceuticals.
- Maharashtra was formed on 1 May 1960, whereas Andhra Pradesh on 1 November 1956.
- Maharashtra is the major producer of sugarcane, soybeans, and cotton, whereas rice is substantially produced in Andhra Pradesh.
- There are 36 districts in Maharashtra and 26 in Andhra Pradesh.
- Cave paintings found in the Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Elephanta Caves, and Mahabaleshwar are popular destinations in Maharashtra, and religious pilgrims, caves, museums, hills, and valleys are in Andhra Pradesh.
- Ganesh Chaturthi is an important festival celebrated in Maharashtra and Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh.
- Maharashtra is the third-largest state, with an area of 307,713 sq. km, while Andhra Pradesh is the seventh-largest state, with 160,205 sq. km.
- Maharashtra is the second most populous state, while Andhra Pradesh is tenth.
Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh both states are located in India. The states have both differences and similarities. Both states share the Indian economy. The economy includes agriculture, textiles, industries, mining, pharmaceuticals, etc. Maharashtra contributes 14% to the Indian economy. States are rich in cultural heritage and diverse landscapes that have influenced their economies, cultures, and ways of life. Maharashtra’s diversity ranges from the coastal Konkan to the rugged Western Ghats, while Andhra Pradesh’s mix of rich coastal plains and the Eastern Ghats contributes to its unique geographical makeup.