Difference Between GDP and GDP Per Capita

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: September 21, 2022


Difference Between GDP and GDP Per Capita Difference Between GDP and GDP Per Capita

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GDP and GDP per person are two indices used in conducting surveys and provide the world's rankings of nations according to certain factors. It can also show a gradual growth or decrease in a nation's economy and standard of living for the population from the point of view of an individual citizen.

GDP refers to "Gross Domestic Product" and can be used to measure a nation's economy in a general way that is calculated over the entire year or for any period considered standard globally. This is a simple method to evaluate the world ranking index by its output. This allows it to increase productivity and position itself as a formidable competitor in the developing world. GDP is the abbreviation for "Gross Domestic Product" and is used to determine a nation's economy in a general way, defined for the entire year or even for a time accepted as standard internationally. It is a single method to evaluate a country's ranking by its output, allowing it to boost productivity and establish itself as a formidable rival in the emerging world.

GDP per capita is "Gross Domestic Product Per Capita." It's a method to estimate the general quality of life of the people of a country by single out individuals. This shows the population's wealth, which indicates the country's development.

GDP vs GDP per capita

The primary distinction between GDP and per capita GDP is when the GDP calculation is made to calculate the total value of productivity that a nation can produce during a financial year; GDP per capita is utilized to give an insight into the lifestyle of the people since it provides the amount of economic output per citizen of the country.

Difference Between GDP and GDP Per Capita in Tabular Form

Table: GDP vs GDP per capita
Parameters of Comparison
GDP Per Capita
Calculated per
The method used to find            
The productivity of the entire nation.         
The standard of living and the prosperity.
Effects as Population Expands
The probability of a decrease in the number of people affected is contingent on other variables, such as the size of the country.
It is calculated using
Income, expenditure, and production
Divide the GDP by the population of the nation.
Potential Variation from the Surveyed Value
There is a minimum deviation calculated across the entire country.          
The output of an individual's economy can vary between individuals.

What is GDP?

GDP is the development and economic activity of a nation calculated annually. The period used to calculate it is one year, considered standard. The GDP is usually calculated each year; however, occasionally, to accommodate the requirements of an unexpected survey, the GDP is calculated differently—the GDP every quarter. It's the primary factor that determines the total domestic production.

The GDP can be used to calculate the size of the economy and the rate of its growth. Typically there are three ways to calculate the GDP. This involves determining the expenditures, production, or income value of businesses. The most popular method is through the use of production. It takes the output of each enterprise to calculate GDP. This is then used to determine the total. The expenditure method evaluates the output products so that a purchaser purchases all output products. The total value of the investment is the amount they spent to create it.

The income method generally follows a pre-written declaration that the revenue earned from the product's sale will never deviate from its initial value. Therefore, the sum of the total product's earnings will result in the actual value of sales revenue.

Types of GDP

The nominal GDP

 Nominal GDP measures the economic impact on an economy that includes the price of current goods and services in the calculation. That is, it does not include inflation or inflation. This may exaggerate the growth rate.

All goods and services included in the GDP of the name were assessed on the price of these products and services offered for sale this year. Actual GDP is measured in the national currency and the U.S. dollar. At exchange rates to assess the GDP of different countries on pure monetary terms.

Actual GDP is used when calculating different output levels in different areas during the same calendar year. Compared to GDP since at least two years of real GDP is spent. This is because eliminating the effect of inflation allows the analysis of different years to focus on volume.

Real GDP

Actual GDP is a modified inflation rate that measures the number of products and services created by the economy over a single year. The values ​​are equally held throughout the year to separate the effect of inflation on the overall production trend over time. As GDP is calculated based on the value of goods and services, and as a result, it may be vulnerable to the effects of inflation.

An increase in the cost of living will increase the country's GDP. However, this does not necessarily mean a difference in the price or quality of the products or services produced. Therefore, if you look only at the country's so-called GDP, it is difficult to see whether it has increased due to a significant increase in production or because of inflation.

Economists use a method that corrects inflation to achieve real economic GDP. By adjusting the effect of any year on inflation in the first year, "first-year economists can adjust the effect of inflation. This makes it possible to assess the country's GDP over time and determine whether there is any growth.

Actual GDP is calculated using the GDP density reduction, which is the difference in prices from the previous year. For example, if prices rose 5 percent during the year before the base year and the deflator was 5%, it would be 1.05. The so-called GDP is divided by this deflator to generate real GDP. It is usually greater than real GDP because an increase is usually a positive number.

Real GDP is a measure of change in the market value of goods and services and consequently narrows the gap between product figures. If there is a significant difference between the real GDP and its so-called, it could indicate inflation or inflation in that country's economy.

GDP Per Capita

GDP per capita is the average GDP per capita population of the nation. It is an indication of the income or output of an individual in the economy that can represent productivity rate or living standards. GDP per capita can be standard, realistic (inflation adjustment), or PPP (purchasing power equity).

In its primary sense, the per capita GDP reflects the amount of economic productivity allocated to each citizen. And it is an indicator of all national wealth, as it is the GDP value of the individual market and is an indicator of great success.

Per-capita GDP is often tested along with other traditional GDP metrics. Economists use this scale to obtain data on their domestic market productivity and efficiency in other countries. Individual GDP takes into account both national GDP and population. It is essential to know how each factor contributes to the results and contributes to individual GDP growth.

If the country's GDP per capita grows despite the same population size, it may be due to technological advances that produce more of the same population. Some countries may have a large GDP per capita but have a lower population which means developing an independent economy based on different resources.

GDP Growth Rate

GDP growth rate measures the annual (or quarterly) variation in the country's economic impact to determine the pace of economic growth. Generally expressed, this percentage is very popular with policymakers in the economic sector as GDP growth is believed to be closely related to key policy objectives such as unemployment and inflation rates.

If GDP growth rates go up and down, that could indicate an economy likely to be "extremely hot," and the central bank may be looking to raise prices. Central banks may view a growing (or positive) growth rate in GDP (i.e., even the beginning of a recession) as a sign that interest rates need to be reduced and that incentives may be needed.

What Is GDP Per Capita?

Gross Domestic Product per Capita is calculated to calculate the amount of financial freedom available for each person in a particular country in a typical manner. Since this number is measured for each person in the country, it provides a comprehensive picture of the nation's economic prosperity. This information helps identify the country's position on a global index of the quality of life. GDP per person can be calculated by simply dividing the country's GDP by the total population of that country.

It is an excellent method to assess economic prosperity and identify the standard of living and the life of a significant portion of its people. Countries with a better industrial system and smaller but wealthy could have a higher GDP per habitant. However, countries with more GDP but a larger population will naturally have a lower average GDP per habitant. It is, in other words, the sum that all citizens of that nation could earn. However, that doesn't mean the total income of all country's citizens is equal.

GDP per capita gives the highest average total income of the population. This could differ for people in the lower end of the poverty range and those above the poverty line. Per capita GDP is regarded as the standard measure of the economic prosperity of nations—Ms consequently, in specific ways, who can use it to demonstrate the country's economic development. GDP per capita is a measure of the value of economic production that could be assigned to every citizen.

Types of GDP Per Capita

Real GDP per capita

  • Real GDP per capita Divided by population. The ratio is the "average" production of an economy for each individual measured in the base year's price. This ratio is typically used to measure the standard of living between countries over time or between various nations when measured using a parallel currency. The measurement is calculated in terms of currency units per individual (for instance, U.S. dollars per person and British pounds for each person). For more information, see GDP per capita. It results from the current GDP priced at the price of the year of the base. It is sometimes referred to as GDP adjusted to account for inflation. It could also be referred to as "deflated GDP," "constant-price GDP," or "GDP at constant prices." The base year is changed periodically.

Nominal GDP per capita

  • GDP is calculated at current market prices, that is, GDP that has not been adjusted to account for inflation. It could also be referred to as "money GDP," "current-price GDP," or "GDP at present prices." The nominal GDP over time includes both the real-output change and the price changes (inflation).

Main Difference Between GDP and GDP Per Capita

  1. In one sense, GDP is the value of all goods and services created by a nation on a per-year basis. GDP per capita is the output index that is calculated for each person.
  2. GDP can be calculated by weighing all the above numbers, such as production, expenditure, or income. To calculate the GDP per capita of a country, the GDP of that country is in the equation, which means that GDP has to be divided by the nation's actual population.
  3. The GDP per person can be used to determine the lifestyle styles of people. However, without GDP, the wealth that exists among the population can't be determined.
  4. GDP can grow if there is a high productivity rate within the country, but for the GDP per person to increase, there must be a noticeable increase in population.
  5. Although GDP per capita provides the average financial and economic output per person, the actual production could differ among people. However, the GDP will remain the same for any given year due to the nation's output in general.


When you look at it in its entirety, GDP and GDP per capita are dependent on each other. GDP per capita is only determined if the country's GDP is measured for a specific period that I've been aware. The GDP's value is contingent on the development and size of the area.

If a country has a large GDP but a comparatively lower GNP per person, it suggests the land's inhabitants may be substantial compared to a country with a smaller population. The government has a lower population. Who can consider various factors to calculate GDP, such as productivity, income, etc.?

GDP per capita cannot be calculated using the previously surveyed GDP. These are two concepts that surveyors and economists across the globe employ to construct an index of productivity around the world and the quality of the citizen's lifestyles.


  1. Fernando, Jason. “Gross Domestic Product (GDP).” Investopedia, 13 Sept. 2021.


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"Difference Between GDP and GDP Per Capita." Diffzy.com, 2023. Mon. 27 Mar. 2023. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-gdp-and-gdp-per-capita-109>.

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