Difference Between Botanical Garden and Herbarium Garden

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Botanical Garden and Herbarium Garden

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Field studies are essential for understanding the ecological and phytosociological relationships between plant life. These studies can be done in natural habitats, or in plants that have been raised and maintained in the test gardens. The particular recording is required of the area of the collection, habitat types, and soil traits.

Botanical Garden vs. Herbarium Garden

A botanical garden is designed to preserve and sustain living plant collections. The herbarium, on the other hand, is a place that preserves and maintains well-pressed specimens of plants in the form of a collection.

A botanical garden is an area that is dedicated to the cultivation and maintenance of the simplest living plant collection of any type. It starts with the houseplant. A botanical garden is an area that is dedicated to the collection, cultivation, preservation, presentation, and maintenance of a wide range of plants.

Herbarium gardens can be found in most botanical gardens. They have a variety of materials such as sketches, photos, sketches, and micro slides. A herbarium is an organized collection of preserved plants, which are catalogued and arranged in a systematic way for professional taxonomists to study.

Difference Between Botanical Garden and Herbarium Garden in Tabular Form

Parameters for Comparison Botanical Garden Herbarium Garden
Definition A place to keep and maintain different species of dwelling plants. A place to keep dried and well-pressed flower specimens in a set.
Types of plants Conserve a series of plants. Preserves plant life in its dried shape.
Maintenance Maintained by government, semi government, or private organizations. Maintained mainly by colleges, research laboratories, botanical gardens, museums, and other institutions.
Use It's for scientific research, conservation, public education and aesthetics. It is intended for study or reference.
Size This property is quite large and has greenhouses. It is not uncommon for a minor institution to be found within a botanic garden or university.

Thus the tabular comparison shows some of the basic Difference Between Botanical Garden and Herbarium Garden.

A herbarium and a botanical garden are two different things. A botanical garden is designed to preserve and preserve living plant collections, while a botanical garden preserves and preserves well-pressed specimens of plants.

A botanical garden is an area that only grows and maintains living plant collections. Modern botanical gardens can be quite large and contain herbariums as well as greenhouses, research labs and libraries. Herbariums can be found in botanical gardens. They contain not only dried, well-pressed plant specimens but also wood materials, drawings and micro slides.

Botany and Herbarium

Botany is the study and application of plants. A herbarium is a place to store plant specimens. These plant specimens are then dried and pressed. They are then stored in sheets. The sheets are stored in a manner that is accepted by the system for classification. Taxonomical studies include herbarium botany. Taxonomic research is the study of actual specimens of animals and plants. This is a great source of information for taxonomic research. A taxonomic study on a new organism involves collecting the actual specimen, and then classifying and identifying it. This topic will cover herbarium botany. We'll learn how to make herbarium botanical sheets, which names are used around the globe, as well as the techniques of making them.

What is a Botanical Garden?

A botanical garden is a structure that houses a collection of plants. To serve educational and research purposes, a botanical garden is usually kept below medical supervision. They are vital to the operation of botanical gardens' libraries, herbaria, labs, and museums. It is much more likely that one will be found within it.

Each botanical garden has its own unique areas of interest. This is due to a number of factors, including location, size, staff and financial resources. A garden is often viewed as a place where vegetables, fruits and flowers are grown for human consumption. Botanic gardens or botanical gardens are educational institutions that allow medical professionals, as well as laymen, to become more knowledgeable about plant life.

They will have a herbarium and greenhouses as well as arboretums and viewing sites. Botanical gardens hire medical professionals as well as people to help plant-growing bodies and write books for visitors.

A botanical garden is an institution that conducts botanical research, particularly on the local flora. A botanical garden should have a library, herbarium, lecture pavilion, photographic studies, lecture hall, and recreational facilities. The botanical garden is the centre of cultural activities in the area it is located. It covers both the applied and fundamental aspects of botany.

Botanical Gardens: Functions

The natural source of science, art and culture is the botanical gardens. These are the functions of gardens:

Scientific Research

Many branches of scientific research can be done in botanical gardens. Botanical Gardens are not only taxonomic and systemic research centres but also serve an important role in plant ecology data collection, such as phenological indications of climate change, plant biology and plant growth tactics and animal interactions. They can also provide large numbers of species that can be used to study functional tradeoffs between plant traits and plant performance. Botanical gardens can be used to study pollination ecology and seed dispersal. They also provide a good location for studying plant conservation genetics, naturalization of foreign species, and gene transfer.

Herbarium and Library

Many botanical gardens offer herbaria and libraries that are an integral part of the facilities. They also provide taxonomic material for education and research.

Conservation and Usage

Botanical Gardens Conservation International estimate that 6.13 million botanical garden accessions are in existence. This includes more than 80,000 species.

It is a long-standing tradition of conserving living plants in botanical gardens. This includes species that are endangered in the wild. Ex situ conservation refers to the preservation of biological diversity in places other than their natural habitats. Botanical gardens are often associated with ex situ conservation. This is a crucial role in the preservation of threatened species. Botanical gardens have two main objectives: to support and create collections of native taxa and to maintain plant stocks for ex-situ conservation and sustainable use of plant resources around the globe. The basic framework of integrated plant species conservation in a botanic garden is identification and management. It also includes long-term ex situ or in situ germplasm storage. Research and development information management. Conservation priorities are set.

Seed Exchange

An informal seed exchange program is offered by more than 500 botanical gardens around the globe. It offers a list of species available annually and an opportunity to exchange seeds.


Botanical gardens have a variety of plants that can be displayed in a way that is easy to understand. The public can also find information at botanical gardens about the identification of native and exotic species, propagation methods and how to supply plant materials for educational purposes.

Attractive aesthetic appeal

They are attractive because they contain large collections of exotic and native plants. These gardens are popular for their observation of both the general plant diversity and exotic and curious plants.

What is Herbarium Garden?

A herbarium is typically located in a botanical garden. However, it may also be found elsewhere. Universities may also have herbariums, which can be a source of valuable information. A herbarium is a collection that includes dried and pressed specimens of plants, along with information about the species they contain. This information can be used by students and researchers to improve their research and scientific studies in the future.

As a reference material, specimens kept in a herbarium can be used to identify plant taxa. These specimens are available in botanical collections. Herbarium staff normally mount dried plants and elements of vegetation on a sheet known as an 'exsiccate'. However, depending on the material they may use other protection techniques such as preserving them in alcohol or other preserves to prolong the life expectancy of the specimen.

The herbarium is vital for the accurate identification of plants and serves as a biodiversity database. The Dehradun Herbarium is the most used in the United States, for surveying, collecting, and identifying forestry species. It is also the most well-known herbarium worldwide.

Herbarium Functions

  1. The main source of information on plant diversity and vegetation is the preserved specimens of plants.
  2. The herbarium may contain a representation of all species in a genus or all genera within a family.
  3. The majority of taxonomic research programs of applied and fundamental nature use preserved plant specimens from herbaria.
  4. The herbarium specimens are the main basis for the classification of the world's flora.
  5. After consultation with herbariums, a list of endangered species in any given region can be prepared.
  6. After consultation with the herbarium, a list of plant species may be prepared that includes their medicinal and other ethnobotanical value.
  7. A herbarium is a repository of national plant resources, including type material.
  8. Only a few collections can be identified by herbaria.
  9. Only after the analysis of herbarium specimens can monographs be prepared of genera and families.
  10. A herbarium provides information about the distribution and occurrences of certain plant species.
  11. The big herbaria organize training courses for the young generation, which provides job opportunities for them.
  12. Herbarium material can be used to study the anatomy, palynology and chemical properties of plants.
  13. Herbaria lends specimens to other institutions.
  14. Herbaria provides scientific information about the plants to the public.

Taxonomical Aids

It's very helpful to learn more about diverse organisms. This knowledge can be used to benefit from the diversity of species of animals and plants. Therefore, it is important to conduct accurate research about them. It takes a lot of hard work to achieve accurate classification. The first step involves collecting specimens, then storing them and finally making studies. Taxonomic studies are helpful in the following:

  • Different living organisms.
  • Storing specimens for future studies.
  • This all aids in systematic research.

Biologists have developed certain methods and procedures that make our job easier. One of these is the botanical gardens and herbarium.

Differences between Botanical Garden and Herbarium in Points


A botanical garden is an area that preserves and preserves living plant collections. A herbarium, on the other hand, is a place where you can preserve and preserve dried plant specimens.

Types of plants

A herbarium preserves plants as they are in dried form. A botanical garden preserves live plants.

Classification of Plants

Plants is divided into different groups in a botanic garden. These include medicinal plants, ornamental plants, industrial plants and others. In a herbarium, however, the staff organizes plant materials according to a specific system of classification.

Key Difference Between Botanical Garden and Herbarium Garden in Points

There are main Difference Between Botanical Garden and Herbarium Garden

  1. A botanical garden houses plant collections of various types, while a herbarium is where you can keep a collection of preserved, dried and compressed specimens of plants.
  2. Botanical gardens are outdoor laboratories, while herbarium gardens provide records about plants.
  3. The simplest residing plants are found in botanical gardens. Herbarium gardens have wood substances, micro slides and photos, as well as drawings and drawings.
  4. Botanical gardens train city arborists in the planting of trees in urban areas, while herbarium plants help with studies and coaching and incorrect identification of plant life.
  5. Botanical gardens provide research opportunities in the tropical and temperate ecologies and their biota. Herbarium gardens supply cloth for chemotaxonomical as well as anatomical studies.


Thus we are concluding the topic of the Difference Between Botanical Garden and Herbarium Garden. Both botanical gardens and herbariums are concerned with the preservation of plant life. A botanical lawn preserves the natural state of a series of living plants, while a herbarium preserves the flora in its dried form. Both are essential for plant-based research and for understanding the functions of plants. Herbarium collections can be found in botanical gardens, museums of natural history, universities and other locations.

Many of the world's largest herbaria can be found in Europe. They contain hundreds of thousands of specimens. Some of them date back hundreds of decades or more. The "dictionaries of the plant kingdom", also called botanical dictionaries or herbaria, contain comparative data which is essential for systematics and taxonomy research.


  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ele.12308
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749114004370


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