Difference Between Bonus Shares and Stock Dividend

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Bonus Shares and Stock Dividend

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An investment is a compounding asset used to generate income or recognition; it is a growth in the value of an asset through time. When purchasing an item such as an investment, the idea is to store that asset for future use in order to profit. Other typical investments include land, land, jewellery, and so on. These products earn a large profit on cash when acquired. When it comes to reaching one's financial objectives, investment is critical. Earning a living and putting it in your bank account is a squandered opportunity in today's environment. The idea is to work hard and invest in order to make a living. Investing is a broad phrase that includes a variety of activities.

Bonus Shares vs. Stock Dividend

When an investment meets financial goals, it is a very important factor. Making money and letting it stay in your bank account is like throwing away an opportunity. Earned income can be invested in stocks. Companies offer this to get money from investors to expand the company. When a business makes profit, portion of that profit is given to stockholders in the form of ‘shares’. The term ‘bonus share’ refers to when a company decides to give its shareholders more shares. The stock has become part of the company's profits that are distributed financially. Stock shares are the costs incurred by organizations to distribute large sums of money to shareholders in the form of additional shares, in addition to existing ones, not cash, but new, free bonus shares offered to Shareholder Company.

Basis of Comparison Bonus Shares Stock Dividend  
Meaning When a firm decides to distribute extra shares to its current owners, this is referred to as a bonus share. A stock dividend is a portion of a company's profit distributed to its shareholders in the form of cash.  
Aim Aim is to increase liquidity of a company's shares, or how rapidly shares can be purchased and sold in the market without impacting their price. The goal is to return money to the company's shareholders.  
calculation Distributed to the shareholders in the form of a ratio. Decided to be distributed to the shareholders in the form of a percentage.  
Advantage Non-monetary benefits. Stock dividend is a monetary benefit.  
Allocation to shareholders As per the companies act 2013, a company can pay the dividends to the shareholders only when the company earns substantial profits at the end of the financial year. A company can issue bonus shares to its shareholders even when the company has incurred losses and this can be done from the reserves accumulated by the company in the past years.  

What are Bonus Shares?

Bonus shares are shares in which a firm offers additional shares to its present investors based on the amount of shares they possess. These are known as 'bonus shares,' and if the sole proprietor is eligible for bonus shares, it is considered a Demat account. This is referred to as 'bonus shares.' If the shareholders of the corporation are qualified for bonus shares, they will deposit them in their Demat accounts. Bonus shares are issued when a firm earns a profit but lacks the funds to pay dividends. In addition to existing owners, the corporation gives bonus shares in place of shares to new shareholders. Bonus shares, also known as capitalization of earnings, are still awarded to shareholders from the company's shares or profits.

Advantages of Bonus Shares

There are several benefits of bonus shares:

  1. It helps to boost investors' and confidence in the firm's long-term growth, allowing them to raise their investment in the company.
  2. Bonus shares satisfy the shareholders' need for dividends because the corporation isn't always able to pay cash dividends to its shareholders.
  3. Bonus shares improve the firm's goodwill in the market by developing a positive picture of the company and its shares.

Disadvantages of bonus shares

As much there are advantages there are disadvantages of bonus shares too:

  1. Managing a system with bonus shares is more expensive than paying cash for shares; shares can be amassed over time if the corporation continues to issue bonus shares.
  2. In order to achieve their goals, investors may be more interested in financial transactions than in acquiring shares. Selling bonus stocks to generate income, on the other hand, may lower the investor's stake in the firm.
  3. Issuing bonus shares is a time-consuming process that frequently reduces the utilisation of the SEBI coalition government.

Bonus shares are additional shares issued at no additional cost to current shareholders based on the number of shareholders they have. Instead of earnings, they are corporate profits transformed into free shares. The basic notion behind bonus stock is that the total value of the shares rises in proportion to the fixed rate of the shares held in the remaining share price. Companies give out bonus shares to promote store engagement and to broaden their stock base. When the value of a company's stock rises, it becomes more difficult for new investors to purchase shares. The price per share decreases as the number of shares increases. However, even if bonus shares are declared, every significant cash flow stays constant.

Types in Bonus Shares

  1. Fully paid: The fully paid bonus shares are those that are awarded at no additional expense to the investors who own the company.
  2. Partial Paid: A paid bonus is when a bonus is used in low-paid shares and converted into fully-paid shares without charging an unknown price to make a profit.

What is Stock Dividend?

A dividend is a payment given in the form of shares rather than cash to the company's shareholders in order to extract assets from them; these are also known as script assignments. Although it can reduce pays per share, the stock dividend has the benefit of paying stockholders without lessening the company's cash balance. These stock distributions are often issued in the form of fractions paid on existing shares. Stocks are tax-free until the owner sells the supplied shares. Stock shares reduce the price, but, like cash shares, they have no effect on the company's worth. They provide tax advantages for the investor, and the dividend of shares, like any other stock share, is tax-free until the investor sells, unless the firm offers the option to accept the dividend tax-free. The stock dividend may stipulate that newly acquired shares not be exchanged for a certain length of time. This holding period in the stock dividend often begins the day after the stock is purchased. Understanding the holding time is critical in selecting the best interest rate management strategy.

Another question arises is that why does companies issue stock dividends?

If the company’s liquid reserves are drained, it may declare a stock dividend. If it wants to preserve its present cash, it may choose to distribute stock shares. Although the distribution of stock shares lowers the number of remaining shares by raising the total stock acquisition, the owners may gain if the stock price rises. Unlike stocks, stocks are not taxed or sold.

Advantages of Stock Shares

  1. Double Profit- If a person's investment in a company rises by 40% over the following four years and a person obtains a dividend yield of 4% per year on the same stock, the total profit exceeds the capital value. As a result, you stand to gain significantly by refraining from investing in charitable organisations.
  2. Long-term investment- Stock dividends provide a consistent and long-term income, which advantages most investors who prefer keeping stocks for a long period of time and helps enjoy the benefits of long-term investing.
  3.  Income Yielding-As an alternate source of income, one might invest in dividends to generate a consistent income in the future. First and foremost, in order to receive revenue from stock dividends. In order to earn income via stock dividends, firstly one need to find good stocks yielding profitable dividends and once this is done, you can yield stable pay for years to come.
  4. Dividend Re-investment- Dividends acquired in stock can be used to invest in second investment options such as bonds, gold, etc. which may help in diversification of your portfolio.

Disadvantages of Stock dividend

  1. Low-growth firms: While major reputable companies provide a huge profit to their shareholders, many investors may be investing in low-growth companies that do not necessarily provide high returns.
  2. Dividend reduction: A corporation may decide to reduce dividends at any point in the future. Furthermore, when the corporation reduces dividends, share values are expected to decline. The company's dividend policy is changed and evolved by the management board. As a result, dividend investors will suffer.
  3. The market can declare stock dividends as a scarcity of cash or indecisions in the company, because of which, the prices of the stocks can go down.

Main Differences Between Bonus Shares and Stock Dividend in Points

  1. A bonus share is a share that a firm gives to its current shareholders as a way of thanking them. Stock dividends are expenses made by a corporation from its profits to its shareholders.
  2. One of the primary goals of bonus shares is to increase retail involvement as well as share liquidity. Benefiting the company's shareholders by returning its money to them is the fundamental goal of stock dividends.
  3. Bonus shares are awarded to the company's owners according on a ratio. A stock dividend is paid to the firm's shareholders calculated as a percentage determined by the company itself.
  4. Bonus shares are a non-monetary reward to the equity assets in addition to current owners. Stock dividends are a monetary reward for its shareholders and are paid based on the profit of the country.
  5. Bonus shares can be granted to corporate shareholders even if the firm has suffered losses, and this payment can be funded from the company's reserves. Stock dividends are paid to shareholders only when the firm achieves a sufficient profit at the conclusion of the fiscal year, according to the Companies Act of 2013.
  6. Shareholder Allocation - According to the Companies Act 2013, a firm can pay dividends to shareholders only if it produces sufficient earnings at the conclusion of the fiscal year. However, in the case of a stock dividend, a corporation can issue bonus shares to its shareholders even if it has suffered losses, and this can be done from the firm's reserves amassed over the years.
  7. Non-monetary rewards are delivered through Bonus shares. Stock dividends, on the other hand, are a monetary reward.
  8. Shares in Bonus share are to be awarded to shareholders in the form of a ratio, but shares are determined to be paid to shareholders in the form of a percentage in stock dividends.


Finally, as shown in the preceding material, bonus stocks and stock shares differ in numerous ways. The aim of issuing bonus shares is to increase the worth of a company's stock. The market permits equities to be purchased and sold more quickly without affecting the price. As a result, the purpose of share capital is to return money to the shareholders of the firm. As a metric, bonus shares will decide how much money will be provided to investors. Stock dividends are referred to as monetary rewards. A stock dividend is a pay-out given by a company to its shareholders in the form of additional shares on top of those already held. Many novice investors may be confused with or even scared by some financial concepts associated with dividend investing, such as stock dividends. As a result, the purpose of this article is to clarify the fundamental term definitions, advantages, and constraints of stock dividends in order to aid investors in making the best decisions when it comes to investing in a company's stocks and shares and obtaining the greatest returns on such investments. As a result, this article continues to provide a better concept to acquire shares from superior firms, issue of bonus shares, and the benefits/disadvantages of bonus shares and stock dividends, among other things.



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"Difference Between Bonus Shares and Stock Dividend." Diffzy.com, 2024. Thu. 29 Feb. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-bonus-shares-and-stock-dividend-20>.

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