Difference Between Betadine and Iodine

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: September 19, 2022

       

Difference Between Betadine and Iodine Difference Between Betadine and Iodine

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Introduction

The main difference between betadine and iodine is that betadine is a clinical product that mainly contains a complex of iodine and molecular iodine, while iodine is a chemical element. The difference between betadine and iodine essentially stems from their chemical nature. Iodine is a rare chemical element that generally exists as a diatomic molecule.

Betadine is a complex substance that contains iodine in an extremely complex form.Both iodine and betadine have numerous commercial uses and unique applications. Basically, betadine is helpful as an antiseptic solution.

Betadine vs Iodine

  • The primary distinction between betadine and iodine is that betadine is synthetic. It is made from povidone and iodine. Iodine, on the other hand, is extremely scarce in nature. It is also present in some plant and animal species, including corn and tuna.
  • The chemical betadine is a dark pigment. It contains both povidone and iodine.
  • The proportion of iodine fluctuates between 9 and 12%. As an antiseptic, it is used to treat wounds.
  • It is also used before and after surgical procedures. In contrast, iodine is a chemical element.
  • It has an atomic number of 53. A lack of iodine in the body results in scurvy. When the body doesn't get enough iodine, it makes less thyroxin and triiodothyronine, which makes the thyroid glands grow bigger.
  • Betadine is frequently employed to heal small wounds. It is an antiseptic that can inhibit the growth of germs, especially those that cause illness, on a surface. Betadine is also used as a disinfectant. Iodine is a chemical element of the halogen family. It is the most dense of the halogens. At normal temperatures, only iodine occurs in solid form. Iodine is also a disinfectant and a treatment for iodine insufficiency. Iodine is a chemical element. Betadine is a mixture of povidone, hydrogen iodide (HI), and elemental iodine (I).

Difference Between Betadine and Iodine in Tabular Form

Table: Betadine vs Iodine
Parameter of comparison
Betadine
Lodine
Definition
The substance is composed of both povidone and iodine. 
Chemical element
Molecular formula
C6H9I2NO
I2
Use
antiseptic or disinfectant
Keeping track of thyroid levels
Availability
It is synthetically produced.
Available at the chemist Rare in nature.
Toxicity
Lowest toxicity
Possesses the ability to emit harmful fumes at room temperature.

 

What is Betadine?

Definition of Betadine

Betadine is the brand name of a product that typically consists of a brown liquid containing povidone and iodine. Povidone (polyvinylpyrrolidone) is a polymer that is covalently bound to the iodine in the material. Iodine concentrations in solutions typically range from 9 to 12 percent.Povidone-iodine has the chemical formula C6H9I2NO and a molecular weight of 364.953 g/mol. This drug was made by mixing many distinct compounds.

Utilization of Betadine

Betadine is used as an antibacterial ointment for the skin. It is used to destroy bacteria, fungus, and viruses that may be present on the skin when administered topically. People use it to clean wounds before placing a bandage, as well as to clean the skin before surgical procedures. Before placing a gauze dressing or bandage, Betadine can be used to cleanse wounds. Betadine should be kept at temperatures below 25 degrees Celsius, and it usually lasts about two years before it goes bad.

Accessibility to Betadine

Povidone-iodine has been synthesised and does not occur in nature. Without a prescription, small doses of betadine can be acquired over the counter at a pharmacy. There are more of them in hospitals, where they are often used to clean the skin before surgery.

Toxicological Effects of Betadine

Betadine has minimal hazardous effects on humans because the povidone ensures that iodine is delivered slowly, making it less dangerous than iodine used alone. Actually, the inclusion of povidone lowers staining and any irritation responses that may develop when iodine is administered alone. Irritation of the skin usually occurs only in extremely rare instances, such as when it is applied to broad areas of the body, as in the case of burn victims.

Medicinal Benefits

Betadine 10% Solution 100ml is an antiseptic and disinfectant used to treat and prevent skin infections in small burns, lacerations, cuts, and abrasions (the first layer of skin is scraped off). It inhibits the development of bacteria that cause infections. It is effective against bacteria (gram-positive and gram-negative, including antibiotic-and antiseptic-resistant strains), fungi, viruses, and protozoa.

Guidelines for Use

Betadine 10% Solution 100ml is solely intended for external usage.

Solution:

  •  Cleanse the afflicted region gently with a cloth soaked in the remedy.
  •  Allow the solution to dry before applying a sterile bandage to the wound.
  • Paint/Cream/Lotion/Ointment: Using sterile gauze or cotton swabs, apply the prescribed amount to the afflicted skin regions.
  • If necessary, cover the wounds with a sterile dressing or bandage after application. Wash your hands prior to and following use of the product.
  • With or without a dressing, gently sprinkle powder over the afflicted region.
  •  Before surgery and prior to bandaging small wounds, scratches, and burns, antiseptic swabs are used to clean the skin.
  • Apply the swab to the afflicted region to disinfect, and if required, cover with a bandage. External pads: Thoroughly clean the afflicted region using the pad. After a single usage, discard it. Spray: While holding the spray bottle 4-6 inches away from the skin, spray.
  •  Allow it to dry, and if required, add a bandage or dressing.
  • Apply the scrub gently to the afflicted region, create lather, and scrub vigorously for five minutes.
  • Using sterile gauze wet with water, remove the substance.

What is Iodine?

Iodine is a chemical element with the chemical symbol I. The periodic table of elements has iodine as one of its chemical constituents. It is one of the non-metallic elements known as halogens. Iodine is represented by the letter I, and its atomic number is 53. I2 is the molecular formula, and its weight is 253.809 g/mol.

Iodine exists in several oxidation states, such as iodide (I), iodate (IO 3), and numerous periodate anions. It is the 61st most prevalent element and the least abundant of the stable halogens. It is the heaviest of the necessary minerals. Iodine is necessary for the production of thyroid hormones. Iodine deficiency affects about 2 billion people, and it is the most common cause of intellectual disability that can be prevented.

At present, Chile and Japan are the leading producers of iodine. Iodine and its derivatives are largely used for nutritional purposes. It has also gained favour as a non-toxic radiocontrast agent due to its high atomic number and ease of attachment to organic molecules. Due to the specificity of iodine's absorption by the human body, radioactive iodine isotopes can also be utilised to treat thyroid cancer. Iodine is also used as a catalyst in the production of acetic acid and some polymers for sale.The World Health Organization has it on its list of essential medicines.

Utilizations of Iodine

The human body truly needs iodine in order for the thyroid to function correctly. The thyroid gland uses iodine to produce thyroid hormones, which regulate the body's metabolism. Iodine is used in nuclear medicine and some cancer treatments. Iodine-131, an isotope of iodine, is extremely beneficial. It is used to determine the function of the thyroid gland and to treat thyroid cancer. It is also used to detect liver and brain cancers.

Availability

Iodine is very uncommon in nature, although there are rich sources of it in foods such as seaweed, cod, and tuna. It is essential to keep in mind that iodine is necessary for the production of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland. In nature, iodine typically mixes with other chemicals.

Toxicological Effects of Iodine

Iodine may emit hazardous vapours at ambient temperatures, and breathing these fumes can cause muscular weakness and unconsciousness. It is usually not easy to get enough of it to be dangerous, but if you do, it might make your stomach feel a little funny.

Main Difference Between Betadine and Iodine in Points

  • Betadine contains iodine, but it also contains the polymer povidone.
  • Both iodine and betadine have medical benefits.
  • The antiseptic betadine is used as a surgical scrub and for wound healing.
  • Nuclear medicine, which can be used to treat diseases like thyroid cancer, can use iodine.
  • Since your thyroid hormones are made of iodine, getting enough iodine is important for your thyroid gland to work well.
  • Iodine and povidone are used in betadine to give a slow release of iodine and keep the skin from getting irritated.
  • Betadine is produced chemically. It is composed of povidone and iodine. Iodine, on the other hand, is a real chemical element with an atomic number of 53.
  • The chemical formulas of betadine and iodine are C6H9I2NO and I2, respectively.
  • Betadine has several applications, but its primary usage is as an antiseptic to cure wounds. Additionally, it disinfects the skin before and after surgical procedures. Nonetheless, iodine is utilised to check and manage thyroid levels inside the body. Iodine deficiency in the body will cause reduced synthesis of thyroxin and triiodothyronine, leading to hypertrophy of the thyroid glands.
  • Betadine is not found in nature. It is manufactured chemically, but it is available over the counter at the chemist without a prescription. Iodine, on the other hand, is very rare in nature, but it can be found in some fish, like cod and tuna.
  • Betadine is less poisonous than aspovidone and it guarantees that iodine is delivered at a slower pace, making it less hazardous than iodine alone. Iodine, on the other hand, can produce hazardous vapours at room temperature, and inhaling these fumes can cause muscle weakness and unconsciousness.
  • Brown is the colour of betadine. It is made from povidone and iodine.

Molecular formula

Betadine has the chemical formula C6H9I2NO, whereas iodine has the formula I2.

Molecular mass

Betadine has a molecular weight of 364.953 g/mol, while iodine has a molecular weight of 253.809 g/mol. 

Uses

Betadine is used as a skin and wound antiseptic. The thyroid gland uses iodine to produce hormones, and iodine is used in nuclear medicine and radiation treatment to cure cancer.

Availability

Betadine is not found in nature; it may be purchased over-the-counter at a pharmacy. Additionally, it is widely accessible in hospital settings. Iodine is uncommon in nature and is frequently found mixed with other elements. It is present in foods like seaweed and seafood like tuna and cod.

Toxicity

Since betadine has been complexed with povidone, its toxicity is negligible. In extremely rare circumstances, it may cause skin irritation. Iodine is highly hazardous, especially when inhaled or ingested. Iodine fumes can irritate the eyes, nose, and lungs and can even cause unconsciousness. Iodine can cause issues with the digestive system if it is consumed.

Betadine is the trade name for the antiseptic Povidone-iodine (or iodopovidone). Iodine is an element with the chemical formula I and atomic number 53.

Nature

Betadine is a formulation consisting of povidone, HI (hydrogen iodide), and elemental iodine (I).

Iodine: Iodine is a chemical element.

Color

Betadine is a brownish chemical compound.

At ambient temperature, iodine exists as a black crystalline solid. However, when dissolved in polar solvents, it produces a brown hue, and when dissolved in nonpolar solvents, a violet tint.

Medicinal Applications

Betadine is used as a cleaner, a drug for treating small wounds, an antiseptic, and so on.

Iodine has several applications, including medical (as a disinfectant), identification (to detect sugar), iodine deficiency treatment, etc.

Conduct Style

Betadine works by slowly releasing free iodine. Free iodine causes lipids in the cell walls of pathogens to become iodinated.

Iodine is capable of penetrating microbes and attacking amino acids, nucleotides, and lipids. This ultimately results in the demise of pathogens.

Conclusion

Both betadine and iodine have medical uses. Both of these substances are employed as disinfectants. Betadine consists of many components. Iodine is a formulation including povidone, hydrogen iodide, as well as elemental iodine, whereas iodine is a chemical element.

It is produced synthetically and cannot be found in nature. As an antiseptic, it is used to treat wounds and disinfect the area. It is available over the counter in small quantities. Iodine is a chemical element with an atomic number of 53.

Iodine deficiency in the body will cause reduced synthesis of thyroxin and triiodothyronine, leading to hypertrophy of the thyroid glands. Iodine at room temperature can emit toxic vapours. The inhalation of these vapours can cause muscle weakness and coma.

References

  • “Betadine: Indications, Side Effects, Warnings.” Drugs.com, Available here.
  • “Povidone-Iodine.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Feb. 2018, Available here.
  • “Iodine.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Feb. 2018, Available here.
  • https://journals.lww.com/spinejournal/Fulltext/2005/08010/Efficacy_of_Dilute_Betadine_Solution_Irrigation_in.2.aspx
  • https://journals.lww.com/plasreconsurg/Fulltext/2007/01000/Optimizing_Breast_Pocket_Irrigation__The.3.aspx
  • https://academic.oup.com/edrv/article-abstract/30/4/376/2355070

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"Difference Between Betadine and Iodine." Diffzy.com, 2022. Sun. 02 Oct. 2022. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-betadine-and-iodine-1018>.



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