Difference Between Aquaculture and Pisciculture

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: August 14, 2022


Difference Between Aquaculture and Pisciculture Difference Between Aquaculture and Pisciculture

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Indian civilization has always been built on agriculture. Farmers have farmed this fertile region and valued their connection to Mother Nature from the time of the Vedic Saraswati culture to the present. It follows that India's wealth and sophistication are not surprising. Agriculture is India's largest contributor to GDP and has existed for more than a century. Farmers make up about 58 per cent of India's population, and they continue to contribute the majority of the nation's GDP. It suggests that consumerism’s thoughtless practices have not yet affected a large portion of India. The Government of India intends to raise agricultural exports by more than $60 billion by 2022 as part of its Agriculture Export Policy. This implies that India's agricultural output will double. According to our definition, India's population is made up of 58 per cent farmers. For the aforementioned percentage of the population, agriculture is their main source of income.

The Indian food business also aspires to experience rapid expansion. With food processing accounting for more than 32% of the nation's total food sector, the Indian food market currently ranks as the sixth-largest in the world. As a result, both conventional and industrial agriculture enhance India. Agriculture is the oldest industry in India, and it has historically provided the majority of farmers' income. India's farming practices have altered over time due to technological advancements that have made farmers' lives easier. Climate, sociocultural norms, and other factors have also influenced innovation in Indian agriculture. In India nowadays, both conventional farming practices and contemporary farming is used.

Fish farming is the practice of commercially growing fish, typically for human consumption, in ponds or other man-made enclosures. It is a specific sort of aquaculture, which is the regulated raising and harvesting of aquatic animals in a natural or artificial setting, including fish, crustaceans, molluscs, and other species. A fish hatchery is typically referred to as a location that releases young fish into the wild for recreational fishing or to increase the population of a species. Carp, catfish, salmon, and tilapia are the top four fish species raised in fish farms around the world. The demand for dietary fish protein is rising globally, which has led to widespread overfishing in wild fisheries, a considerable decline in fish stocks, and some areas, even complete depletion. Fish farming enables the establishment of artificial fish colonies that are adequately fed, shielded from natural predators and competitive threats, have access to veterinary care, are simpler to harvest when necessary, and are not typically impacted by the sustainable yields of wild fish populations because they are separate from them. Even though fish farming is practised all over the world, 62 per cent of the world's farmed fish are produced in China.

Advantages to Fish Farming

  • Fish farming doesn't take a lot of resources; all you need to start is a modest concrete tank.
  • To improve their nutritional content, fish are farmed and grown under supervision. As a result, these fish are of higher quality than those in the wild.
  • Numerous fish species are appropriate for farming. As a result, the owners of the fisheries can decide which fish will be most beneficial for them.
  • Any unproductive, underdeveloped plot of land can be converted into a fishpond, generating income.
  • With each passing day, there is a raising need for fishing products. As a result, people can start fish farming by giving their existing farms a little more room. Their revenue will significantly grow as a result.
  • Fish farming is low-risk because the fish are kept in tanks. By doing this, certainly, strangers cannot reach the area and fish there.
  • People don't need to catch wild fish on a huge scale because the fish in fish tanks are safe. It aids in the recovery of natural ecosystems.
  • The fact that fish farming creates jobs is another benefit.

Pisciculture and aquaculture are two contemporary cultivation methods. Pisciculture and aquaculture are mostly grown in freshwater and marine environments with carefully controlled nutrition. The product so obtained is employed in both types of agriculture to increase commercial values and incomes. Aquaculture largely fosters the development of economically beneficial flora.

Aquaculture vs. Pisciculture

Pisciculture and aquaculture are fundamentally different from one another because the former involves the production of freshwater and saltwater aquatic flora and fauna. On the other hand, pisciculture is restricted to fish and crustaceans. Pisciculture is also a branch of aquaculture.

Aquaculture is the artificial cultivation of aquatic plants and animals. In a controlled environment, this aquatic cattle rearing is being monitored. Aquatic species such as fish, molluscs, and many others, such as lotus, lily, and algae culture, are collected once they have reached full maturity. Pisciculture is the regulated raising of fish, molluscs, and several other aquatic animal species in a man-made environment. These aquatic creatures live in freshwater or marine environments. The cultivation is carried out in a temperature-, competition-, predation-, and nutrition-controlled environment. Pisciculture satisfies more than 70% of the global demand for fish.

Difference Between Aquaculture and Pisciculture in Tabular Form

Table: Aquaculture vs. Pisciculture
Parameters of Comparison
The artificial raising of aquatic plants and animals for human benefit is known as aquaculture.
In pisciculture, aquatic creatures are artificially raised in a man-made habitat.
Inshore and onshore aquaculture are the two primary subcategories of aquaculture.
Fish are harvested on offshore farms when practising pisciculture.
Aquaculture produces goods that are sold to the culinary, pharmaceutical, and flower industries.
Only the food business receives the pisciculture-derived goods.
Numerous variables, including humidity, temperature, and sunlight, have an impact on aquaculture.
Factors including competition, predation, mating and feeding have an impact on pisciculture.
In aquaculture, the habitat of the species being cultivated may be brackish water, fresh water, or both.
Pisciculture involves the cultivation of aquatic species from both freshwater and saltwater habitats.

What is Aquaculture?

Most people refer to aquaculture as aquaculture or aquafarming. The regulated production of aquatic plants and animals is known as aquaculture. These aquatic creatures are classified as fish, molluscs, and crustaceans, as opposed to aquatic plants like lotus, lily, and algae. Fish culture and mariculture are both a part of aquaculture. Aquaculture is the practice of growing organisms in freshwater, saltwater, and brackish water habitats. These organisms are raised in an extremely controlled environment that is ideal for their growth. Additionally, aquaculture is frequently carried out for commercial interests, such as the sale of fish, molluscs, etc. The regulated production of marine or seawater fish for commercial purposes is known as mariculture.

This is a unique form of aquaculture that is typically practised in lagoons or environments with saltwater. Aquaculture can be divided into two general groups based on the environment. Onshore aquaculture is the preferred term for the first category of cultivation, which is mostly carried out in an artificial habitat constructed on the land. As in the case of fish tanks, ponds, aquaponics, or raceways, aquaculture can be practised in entirely artificial facilities that are erected on land (onshore aquaculture), where the living circumstances, such as water quality (oxygen), feed, and temperature, are under human control. As an alternative, they can be carried out in well-protected shallow waters close to a body of water (inshore aquaculture), where the cultivated species are exposed to a more naturalistic environment; or in fenced/enclosed areas of open water far from the shore (offshore aquaculture), where the species are either cultured in cages, racks, or bags and are exposed to more varied natural conditions like water currents (such as ocean currents), diel vertical, and temperature fluctuations.

Humans control every aspect of life, including temperature, oxygen saturation, humidity, and food intake. Aquariums, raceways, and fish tanks are a few examples of on-shore aquaculture that are frequently used. When discussing inshore aquaculture, it is stated that a well-built shelter by the shore will provide a natural habitat and ecology. Additionally, this aids in the preservation of the primary nutrient cycles and the normal movement of organisms.

Some specialised types of aquacultures include fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, mariculture, pisciculture, algaculture (such as seaweed farming), and the rearing of ornamental fish. Two particular methods that integrate aquaculture with many trophic levels are aquaponics and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture. One of the economic sectors most immediately influenced by climate change and its repercussions is aquaculture. Aquaculture practices can damage the ecosystem by, for example, contaminating water sources with nutrients or infecting wild populations with diseases.

What is Pisciculture?

Fish is good food. It is the best choice for a nutritious and balanced diet because it is not only delicious but also abundant in proteins and other minerals. Have you ever heard of fish farming? And this kind of agriculture is known as "pisciculture." The practice of breeding, producing, and transporting fish for domestic and commercial purposes is referred to as fish farming or pisciculture. It's also known as mariculture, aquaculture, or fish farming. The phrase "aqua farming" is a general one used to describe the commercial operations of cultivating and collecting aquatic organisms for revenue or survival. Aquaculture, or farming in the water, is referred to as "mariculture." Pisciculture, often known as aquafarming, is the practice of rearing fish in aquariums or backyard ponds. Each of these aquafarming and economic strategies is growing quickly to meet demand. The food and agricultural sector predict that aquaculture will expand three times more quickly than land-based agriculture markets. It is already a major business, with China, India, and Vietnam producing more than the United States, which produces the least. Global industrial growth is being fuelled in particular by consumer demand for high-quality protein. The majority of seafood consumed worldwide is in some way produced by aquaculture.

Fish farming or fish culture are other names for pisciculture. Pisciculture is the practice of commercially cultivating marine and freshwater aquatic organisms in both natural and man-made settings. Commercial breeding is done with these species, mostly to serve the food sector. The groups of crustaceans, fish and molluscs comprise the aquatic species that are raised for commercial use. Salmon, rohu and carp are the most common fish species utilised for commercial breeding, according to the world fishing sector. The environment designed for reproduction shares certain similarities with a natural habitat or an artificial habitat that contains a natural presence. Around the world, large-scale industries are emerging for a range of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, and algae. On the other hand, pisciculture is separated into three groups.

The fact that fish is rich in dietary fibre and proteins is a well-known fact. The demand for these fish has suddenly surged on a global scale, which causes overfishing, a decline in fish populations, or possibly the extinction of entire species. Artificial fish farming gives fish better nutrition, protection from natural predators, and a way to avoid competition. According to global statistics, China is responsible for 62% of the world's total fishery production.

Cage systems and open net-pen systems are the most common names for fish farms. To protect the fish until they are fully grown, these integrated fish cages are placed in ponds, lakes, and rivers. Off-shore cultivation is the term commonly used to describe this process. Artificial food is provided in these fish cages, where the fish are raised until they are completely grown.

Difference Between Aquaculture and Pisciculture In Points

  • In contrast to pisciculture, which solely cultivates aquatic animals, aquaculture harvests both aquatic flora and wildlife.
  • In pisciculture, cultivation lessens overexploitation while in aquaculture, fish are kept to prevent competitive predation and exploitation.
  • In contrast to pisciculture, where the nutrient quality and flesh and oil composition are the determining variables, aquaculture helps to increase the number of cultivated species of either flora or wildlife.
  • Fish, flowers, oil, and flesh are the by-products of aquaculture, whereas fish, flesh, and oil are the by-products of pisciculture.
  • In pisciculture, the cultivator maintains the oxygen level, but in aquaculture, the plants grown in the habitat maintain the water body's oxygen level.


Pisciculture is one of the divisions of aquaculture, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization. One of India's most rapidly expanding sectors is aquaculture. Aquaculture encompasses a wide range of aquatic animal and plant cultivation.

Commercially growing marine and freshwater aquatic species in both natural and artificial environments are known as pisciculture. Pisciculture, however, is a well-known subset of aquaculture. Cage systems and open net-pen systems are the most common names for fish farms. To preserve the fish until they are fully grown, these integrated fish cages are placed in natural environments including ponds, lakes, and rivers.

Off-shore cultivation is the term commonly used to describe this process. Aquaculture is the practice of growing organisms in freshwater, saltwater, and brackish water habitats. These organisms are bred commercially, mostly for the food industry's supply. Aquaculture can be largely divided into two groups based on the artificial environment. The two commercial subcategories of aquaculture are onshore and inshore. Both societies contribute significantly to the fishing and food industries. Additionally, it gives fishermen more confidence to create these kinds of agriculture and support their livelihood. Aquaculture and fishing are the main sources of income in certain nations that are located along rivers or oceans.



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"Difference Between Aquaculture and Pisciculture." Diffzy.com, 2023. Mon. 20 Mar. 2023. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-aquaculture-and-pisciculture-806>.

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