Difference Between President and Prime Minister

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between President and Prime Minister

Why read @ Diffzy

Our articles are well-researched

We make unbiased comparisons

Our content is free to access

We are a one-stop platform for finding differences and comparisons

We compare similar terms in both tabular forms as well as in points


World leaders may give numerous other titles, such as premier and chancellor. But the President and the Prime Minister are two of the most prominent titles in the world.

The specific nation in issue determines the President's and prime minister's functions and the obligations that go along with them. There are two different kinds of governments that determine whether a nation should have one executive or both executive positions. The Presidential and Parliamentary systems of governance are the two that exist today.

When it comes to the globalisation platform, the heads of state play a significant part in the successful functioning of any nation. The heads of state represent their country in the international community. The President of India and the Prime Minister of India are the two persons that have the greatest influence in their respective roles. The Prime Minister of India is considered the most powerful politician in India, but the President is the country's first citizen.

President vs Prime Minister

The main difference between a President and a Prime Minister is that a President is the first citizen of the nation, maintains the highest position in the Government, and is responsible for ensuring that all official legislation is approved with the suggestion of the President. The Prime Minister is the most powerful man in the nation and also the head of the executive branch of Government. The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers can make decisions on the policies that should be implemented and the laws that should be enacted.

The President exercises command and control over the combined military forces of the nation. It is the appointed members of both houses of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly of the state and the Legislative Assembly of the union territories, who cast their votes in the election for the President. The President of India is responsible for appointing all of the main state leaders as well as the Prime Minister of India. A president, like a prime minister, serves as the top executive of a government, but in a different capacity. In contrast, a president serves not just like the chief executive of their country but also, in many instances, as the chief executive of their nation's Government. For instance, in the United States, the President is the head of the executive branch of government and the leader of the Federal government, which means that he or she is accountable for all of the many states.

The position of prime minister is not always called "prime minister" in all governments. The position of leader of the Government of a nation that operates under a parliamentary system is typically held by the prime minister. For instance, the United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy as its form of Government. [citation needed] The Prime Minister is the most senior official in the Government. The party that comes out on top in the election for the Lok Sabha gets to choose who will lead it as Prime Minister. The President is responsible for making the appointment of the Prime Minister, who serves as the leader of the council of ministers. The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for appointing ministers to the different portfolios, as well as coordinating activities between the individual ministers and the departments.

Difference Between President and Prime Minister of India in Tabular Form

Parameters of Comparison President of India Prime Minister of India
Reference The head of state or government. Leader of the party that was victorious.
Judicial Power Can grant clemency to a prisoner who is sentenced to death. No power.
Party Have a party. Chief executive of a political party.
Removal Impeachment No confidence motions.
Power Can declare that there is an emergency situation. Cannot declare.

What is the President ?

The President is both the head of state for all of the states and the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces combined. The directly elected members of both Houses (Rajya and Lok Sabha) as well as the legislative assembly of the State and Union Territories have a role in the election process for the President of India. This election is carried out in a roundabout manner. The President is vested with a tremendous amount of power and responsibility to uphold and defend the Constitution.

The Legislative Council is responsible for electing the President of the United States. After the newly elected members of the Legislative Council have been sworn in after a general election for the state, the next order of business is to hold this election as the first item on the agenda. If the President does not resign, remain a member of the organization, or is removed from office by a vote, they will remain in office until the end of their four-year term as a member of the organization. In the case that any of these things take place, the Chair of Committees, who also serves as the Deputy President, assumes the role of President until the house chooses a new President. The President of the Legislative Council serves as the Presiding Officer of the Council and is often regarded as the body's most unbiased and objective representative.

To preside over the house of representatives is the primary responsibility of the President. In order to fulfill this duty, the President must consult the house's standing orders, precedents, decisions made by previous Presidents, and a variety of procedural authorities. Additionally, the President must apply and interpret the practices and processes that are in place within the house.

In addition to this role, the President acts as the house's official spokesperson and is the sole representative of the chamber in all of its dealings with the Governor, the Legislative Assembly, the Executive Government, and any other individuals or organizations that are located outside of Parliament.

The President is responsible for a variety of ceremonial obligations, including as those associated with the opening of Parliament, the reception of visits from heads of state and delegations from other countries, and the representation of the Council at different events and conferences.

Along with the Speaker, the President is responsible for the general administration of Parliament as well as the supervision of the legislative premises. These obligations are in addition to the President's corporate responsibilities.

In addition to his other responsibilities, the President oversees the Department of the Legislative Council and is accountable to the Council for the department's daily operations. As a result of this, the President serves a function that is analogous to that of a minister in a government department.

What is the Prime Minister ?

The Prime Minister is in charge of directing the operations of the government and overseeing how the Government Program is carried out. The Prime Minister is responsible for coordinating the preparation of the government as well as the discussion of issues that will be determined by the European Union.

In the case that the Prime Minister is unable to carry out his or her responsibilities, such responsibilities are taken on by the minister who is designated to deputize for the Prime Minister, or if that minister is unavailable, by the minister who has served in their current position the longest.

Plenary meetings of the Government are presided over by the Prime Minister, who also has the authority to set the days of the sessions as well as the sequence in which business is presented during such sessions. It's possible that the Prime Minister would insist that a certain piece of business be presented to the plenary session of the Government by a certain date. The government plenary session may transfer a topic falling under the mandate of an individual ministry for resolution in plenary session if it is proposed by either the Prime Minister or the minister whose mandate the item in question comes under.

In addition to presiding over the meetings of the Economic Council, the Research and Innovation Council, and the Title Board, the Prime Minister is also the chairperson of all statutory Ministerial Committees.

The Prime Minister is the person in charge of the office of the Prime Minister. It is the responsibility of the Office of the Prime Minister to see to it that all of the actions of the Prime Minister and the Government go without a hitch, regardless of the circumstances. The Office of the Prime Minister is responsible for aiding the Prime Minister in the overall administration of Government operations as well as monitoring the execution of the Government Programme.

The Prime Minister is the political head of the Government, and he or she is responsible for bringing together the many factions that are represented in the Government, all of whom have diverse perspectives on the direction that the Government should take. In addition to this, the Prime Minister is in charge of coordinating the activities of Parliament with those of the government.

The position of figurehead for the Cabinet of Ministers is held by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is the President's and the Council of Ministers' primary point of contact for establishing and maintaining communication. It is the responsibility of the Prime Minister to keep the President informed of any decisions that have been made, any administrative changes, or any legislative initiatives.

Main Differences Between the President and Prime Minister in Points

  • The President is the most senior elected official in the United States. The Prime Minister is the head of the Cabinet and the delegate of the Ministers under his or her authority.
  • The President has the authority to grant pardons to condemned murderers. There is no chain of command that places the Prime Minister above the Justices.
  • Impeachment is the sole process that allows for the removal of the President, and it needs a supermajority vote. If a vote of no confidence is passed in the government, the Prime Minister might be forced out of office.
  • The President is not affiliated with any political party. The Prime Minister is the head of the party that is currently in the lead.
  • A state of emergency is something that may be declared by the President. A state of emergency cannot be declared by the Prime Minister since they do not have the authority.
  • The President serves in the role of ceremonial head of state, while the Prime Minister is responsible for running both the Cabinet and the Council of Ministers.
  • The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are responsible for making decisions on which policies and laws should be approved, whilst the President's assent and recommendation are required for measures to be passed.
  • The Prime Minister does not have any jurisdiction over legal affairs, in contrast to the President, who has the right to give amnesty to those on death row. The President's judicial power is limited to this degree.


There is no question that the president and the prime minister are two quite different people, despite the fact that both hold the position of political leader. It is essential to keep in mind that although being the leader of the government, the prime minister is not also the leader of the state. It is essential to keep in mind that in addition to serving as the head of a republic, state, or sovereign nation, a president is also the chief executive officer and commander-in-chief of his country's military forces.

The President of India has very little leeway to initiate any kind of action; nonetheless, his position is the most powerful in the country. The President is the highest-ranking citizen of the country and plays an essential part in the legislative process, which determines which laws and policies are put into effect. He is now serving as the Commander of the Country's Joint Armed Forces.

A link between Parliament and the President of India is provided by the Prime Minister of India. The President is responsible for staying current on the day-to-day operations of all of the departments that make up the government. The Prime Minister plays an important part because he is aware of the activities taking on at the grassroots level, which is how the President of the country gets a sense of how the people in the country feel.


  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/45071395
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41854947


Cite this article

Use the citation below to add this article to your bibliography:



MLA Style Citation

"Difference Between President and Prime Minister." Diffzy.com, 2024. Mon. 10 Jun. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-president-and-prime-minister-357>.

Edited by

Share this article