Difference Between Lawyer and Advocate

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Lawyer and Advocate

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There are many similarities between lawyers and advocates, but the difference between the two is still very noticeable in the courtroom. In this guide, we’ll explore what it means to be an advocate and how you can make an impact in the field of law by choosing to become one. We’ll also cover some of the differences between lawyers and advocates so that you can decide which career path is right for you.

As an advocate, you are required to represent a person or business (such as a corporation) in court proceedings, and they will likely be paying you to do so. You’ll need to perform extensive research and develop arguments on their behalf before presenting your case in front of a judge or jury and explaining your position on their behalf. Advocacy also covers certain types of lobbying work; for example, if you're representing someone looking to get funding for a new business venture, then you may find yourself negotiating with other businesses and government officials on behalf of your client. Ultimately, you'll have to convince whoever is making decisions that your client deserves special treatment over his competitors, whether that means approval from city hall or funding from investors.

The best way to understand these terms is by comparing them with one another through examples. Let’s take family law as an example; if someone needs advice on divorce proceedings, they could either hire an advocate or lawyer depending on what they want out of their relationship with their spouse after divorce. Let’s say Mary wants to ensure her rights are protected after she divorces her husband, Joe. If Mary hires a lawyer, then he will draft up a prenuptial agreement for her and ensure that all of her assets are secure in case anything happens between her and Joe. However, if Mary hires an advocate instead, then he will fight for her in court and make sure that she gets everything she deserves during divorce proceedings. He may also provide legal advice during court cases but his main focus would be protecting Mary’s rights and ensuring that she gets everything that is rightfully hers by Canadian laws.

So, when it comes to advocates versus lawyers there isn't much difference except for how each profession works within different areas of law and how they approach cases differently from one another. Both professions can help you achieve your goals and get you where you need to go but it depends on what kind of service you're looking for. Whether you're looking for a more personalized experience or want someone who will be able to guide you through certain steps along your journey, both professionals can help. It just depends on what kind of experience you're looking for in your professional life and whether or not it aligns with your expectations. Either way, finding an advocate or lawyer is easy and something you should do right away because sometimes it takes years before people realize they don't have enough protection under certain laws. If you've been wanting to start a business but haven't done so yet because you aren't completely confident in your ideas yet, then hiring an advocate or lawyer could give you some peace of mind while allowing you to work towards achieving your dream.

Advocate vs Lawyer

Although advocates and lawyers are closely related, their roles differ quite a bit. You probably know that an advocate is simply a person who argues for something, such as human rights or racial equality, but many don’t realize that it’s also a title given to lawyers in England and some other countries (the US among them). It can get confusing when you see advocates working with clients on legal cases and not just when they’re advocating for causes. Here we explain what each term means so you can understand their differences. After all, if you need one of these professionals, it pays to know which one to hire!

Advocates and lawyers are similar, but there are some major differences that you should know about if you're thinking of hiring one or becoming one yourself. Here is a helpful comparison chart to help illustrate their similarities and differences. The same legal advice can be given by both advocates and lawyers; however, it will depend on what kind of law you need advice for. If your case falls under family law then an advocate would suffice whereas if your case falls under corporate law then a lawyer would be more appropriate.

Difference Between Advocate and Lawyer in Tabular Form

Lawyers Advocates
The term Lawyers is extremely broad and used to assign anybody having a level of law  On the other hand, an Advocate is a Law graduate selected with the bar gathering and qualified to address his client in the official courtroom.
Bar Council of India doesn't direct the lead of Lawyers          Bar Council of India manages and controls the exercises of Advocates
Lawyers don't have Court Room Experience and for the most part, have scholarly experience   Advocates have Court Experience and can lead cases successfully.
Lawyers can connect with themselves in any business or profession. Advocates can't draw themselves into any business or calling. Anyway they can be dozing accomplices in a firm or business
Lawyers can be engaged with full-time scholarly exercises, for example, Teaching, etc.  Advocates can additionally draw in themselves in scholastic exercises yet not as full time.

What are Advocates?

First and foremost, an advocate is an individual who provides legal services to clients or groups of people, usually in a non-profit or educational setting. In legal terms, advocacy refers to a collection of methods that are used to argue for a certain side of a cause or issue. In some cases, advocates will directly represent individuals by appearing in court on their behalf and making arguments regarding their rights and interests; however, most advocates today work more behind the scenes by researching topics, coming up with pro bono (free) legal strategies and writing policies that benefit underserved communities. To become a lawyer, you must attend Law School which can be extremely expensive.

What is the role of Advocates?

Advocates are those individuals who appear in a court of law on behalf of someone else, such as a child or an elder who is unable to represent themselves in court. Advocates work with judges and legal professionals to make sure that these parties have their voices heard during legal proceedings.

What are Lawyers?

Attorneys have attended law school and passed a state bar exam. They’re licensed to practice law in their home state and other states if they choose, and they must abide by their state laws governing ethics, compensation, duties, and more. If you or your business needs legal advice, it’s best to consult an attorney with knowledge of your situation; that includes familiarity with your state laws. (For example, even though there is no federal estate tax at present due to recent changes in tax law—you still need a lawyer who understands how inheritance is handled in your particular state.) Most importantly, an attorney will tell you upfront whether he or she feels capable of representing you on a specific matter.

What is the role of Lawyers?

A lawyer is someone who practices law, as an advocate, barrister, rent, counselor or solicitor, or chartered legal executive. The role of the lawyer varies greatly across legal jurisdictions, and so it can be treated here in only general terms. In practice, legal jurisdictions exercise their right to determine who is recognized as being a lawyer. As a result, the meaning of the f lawyer may vary from place to place. Someone who provides all forms of advocacy is known as a barrister. Advocates who specialize in court action are barristers.

The Main Difference Between Advocates and Lawyers in Points

  • LEGAL PROFESSION is one of three professions regulated by a self-governing body known as the Bar Council. The others are medicine and engineering.
  • A lawyer (or advocate) is qualified to practice before courts, tribunates, and other authorities in an adversarial system of justice where two sides contest a legal case between them before a judge or jury of their peers. Unlike many other countries, advocates must be qualified to practice h in civil law (including family matters) and criminal law, unlike attorneys in some countries who may not necessarily have expertise or experience in both areas of law.
  • Advocates must also be qualified to appear before various administrative bodies such as industrial tribunals, revenue commissions, and licensing authorities. In addition, advocates are trained in drafting contracts and wills; advising on company law; acting for companies in corporate trans, and; and giving expert evidence on points of law.
  • An advocate has wide discretion over how they conduct themselves during court proceedings. They can appear for clients at any stage of a trial but cannot represent more than one party at once unless they are specifically instructed to do so by all parties involved. This means that while they can act for either side during plea negotiations, they cannot represent both prosecute fenced defense at trial since doing so would amount to a conflict of interest.
  • While advocates in most common law jurisdictions are barristers, solicitors, or both, there are exceptions. Solicitor advocates exist in England and Wales only. Sol specializes in litigation work and can become solicitors only if they satisfy certain educational requirements different from those needed to qualify as a solicitor generally.
  • Any person with rights of audience before a court may apply for admission to The Law Society as an advocate if they meet its academic requirements and pass its exams, regardless of whether practiced practicing as a barrister or solicitor. However, it is far more common for individuals to qualify as a solicitor first and then gain qualifications as an advocate.
  • English advocates who wish to specialize in tax law may take additional courses qualifying them as taxation specialists under section 74A(1)(b) of Income Tax Act 2007. To gain specialist accreditation, lawyers must complete 12 months pupillage and 2 years' training contract with a specialist taxation set followed by 2 years' general pupillage under a senior tax set.
  • Once completed, they are entitled to use Taxation Specialist after their names. recognized few recognized restfully-fledged a fully-fledged advocate in England and Wales. The traditional route period is a period as a trainee in chambers, after completing pupillage.
  • Chambers will often select candidates based on academic achievement, prior repapers, and/or postemergence. Each chamber sets its entry criteria and maintains its selection procedure. Some chambers offer scholarships for students undertaking higher degrees including LLM and PhDs, which usually require 3–4 years of study after undergraduate education.
  • Another route is through an apprenticeship in commercial law firms. Apprenticeships typically last between 4–6 years, depending on firm size and individual circumstances. The third route is to enter directly as a solicit and later convert to advocate.
  • Under Article 15 of The Advocate's (Scotland) Order 1996, advocates are entitled to practice in Scotland as solicitors or as both solicitors and advocates. Scottish solicitors who have passed an examination called The Qualifying Examination may apply for a Diploma in Legal Practice and after completion of pupillage can become full advocates. The examinations are run by The Faculty of Advocates, with assistance from other professional bodies, such as the Law Society of Scotland.


If you’re facing a lawsuit, want to pursue a case, or simply want help understanding your rights and responsibilities under particular laws, then it makes sense to hire an advocate or lawyer to help guide you through unfamiliar territory. But how do you know who’s right for your situation? As with all things in life, there are pros and cons to both sides of this equation—you just need to know what those differences are. Here are a few highlights: Advocates take on cases that interest them whereas lawyers take on any case that pays them.



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"Difference Between Lawyer and Advocate." Diffzy.com, 2023. Wed. 31 May. 2023. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-lawyer-and-advocate-393>.

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