Buying something is something that practically everyone does daily. Every day, we buy or use a variety of items, from skincare to automobiles, as though these items, like food, clothing, and shelter, have become an integral part of our lives. However, not everything we buy is of good quality or reliable, so BIS and ISO were created to ensure that everyone gets the most value for their money.
BIS vs. ISO
"International Organization for Standardization." the abbreviation ISO stands for International Standards Organization, and it attempts to raise and improve quality. This organization includes countries with populations of 100 or more. NABCB, for example, is a member of ISO. ISO certification is a type of process certification.
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Difference Between BIS And ISO in Tabular Form
|Parameters of Comparison
|Bureau of Indian Standards.
|International Organisation for Standardization.
|Shri Pramod Kumar Tiwari
|Over 20,000 standards.
|Over 24194 international standards.
|October 12 2017.
|February 23 1947.
What is The Bureau of Indian Standards?
The Bureau of Indian Standards is India's Standards Body, overseen by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution of the Indian government. The Bureau of Indian Standards Act of 2016 formed it, and it went into force on October 12, 2017. The ex-President of the BIS is the Minister in charge of the Ministry or Department with the administrative authority of the BIS. BIS employs over 500 scientists as Certification Officers and Technical Committee Member Secretaries.
The Indian Standards Institution (ISI) was established in 1946 by the Department of Industries and Supplies Resolution No. 1 Std. (4)/45, dated September 3 1946. The ISI was established in 1860 under the Societies Registration Act. The new Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Act 2016, which was notified on March 22, 2016, went into effect on October 12, 2017. The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is designated as India's National Standards Body by the Act.
It includes 25 members recruited from the federal and state governments, business, scientific and research institutions, and consumer organizations as a National Standards Body. Its headquarters are in New Delhi, with offices in Kolkata, Chennai, Mumbai, Chandigarh, and Delhi and other 20 branch offices in the Eastern, Southern, Western, and Northern regions. It also serves as a WTO-TBT information centre for India.
2005 Indian National Building Code
It is a comprehensive building code initially issued in 1970 and is used to regulate building construction across the country. BIS circulated Preliminary Draft Amendment No. 1 to NBC 2005 Part 11 "Approach to Sustainability" as a preliminary draft amendment, and people could provide feedback until March 15, 2013.
2015 Indian Standards Bill
The Rajya Sabha passed the Bill on March 8, 2016. The new bill will repeal the Bureau of Indian Standards Act of 1986. The proposed legislation's key goals are as follows:
- To make the Bureau of Indian Standards the country's national standards body.
- The Bureau will be run by a governing council, including the President and other members.
- To include commodities, services, and systems under the standardized regime and articles and procedures.
- To allow the government to impose a required certification regime on items, processes, or services that it deems necessary in health, safety, the environment, deceptive practices prevention, consumer security, etc. This will assist consumers in receiving ISI approved items and aid in preventing substandard products from being imported.
- Allowing multiple types of simplified conformity assessment schemes, such as self-declaration of conformity (SDOC) against any standard, will provide manufacturers with multiple simplified options for adhering to standards and receiving a certificate of conformity, thereby improving 'ease of doing business.'
- To allow the government to mandate the hallmarking of precious metals items.
- To improve effective compliance by strengthening criminal measures and allowing for the compounding of offences for infractions.
- To provide recall services, including product liability, for products with the Standard Mark but do not meet applicable Indian standards.
- The 1986 BIS Act should be repealed.
- On March 21, 2016, the President signed the Bureau of Indian Standards Act 2016.
The National Institute of Training for Standardization (NITS) is a non-profit organization dedicated to (NITS)
It is a BIS training institute that was established in 1995. It's based in Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.NITS' principal operations are:
- Industry Training Programs (In-House and Open)
- Training Program for Developing Countries on an International Scale (Commonwealth countries)
- Employees are enrolled in a training program.
BIS has an eight-laboratory network to facilitate product certification processes. These facilities have been built to evaluate products in the chemical, food, electrical, and mechanical disciplines. Every year, the BIS laboratories examine around 25000 samples. When it is not economically viable to create test facilities in BIS laboratories and for other reasons such as sample overloading or equipment failure, the services of outside certified laboratories are used. All other labs are NABL (National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories) accredited, except the two. It also has a laboratory identification system in place.
- Cell for Facilitating Small-Scale Industry
Since May 26, 1997, the SSI Facilitation Cell has been active. The Cell's mission is to help small businesses, the backbone of the Indian economy. It has a program to encourage such units to obtain ISI Mark certification.
- Cell of Dispute
BIS will provide a remedy if a customer complains to BIS hqs' Grievance Cell regarding a reduced quality of a certified product.
- Collaboration with international standards-setting organizations
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) counts BIS as one of its founding members (ISO). It represents India in international organizations such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), and the World Standards Service Network.
The International Organization For Standardization
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a global standard-setting body composed of members from member countries' national standards organizations. Article 3 of the ISO Statutes lays out the membership conditions. Founded on February 23, 1947, the organization develops and publishes standards in all technical and non-technical disciplines besides electrical and electronic engineering. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland, and as of 2022, it employs people in 167 different countries. The ISO uses English, French, and Russian as its three official languages.
The International Body for Standardization is a non-governmental organization of several national standards organizations. There are 167 members representing ISO in each country as of 2022, with each country having only one.
Other than electrical and electronic engineering, which is the responsibility of the International Electrotechnical Commission, the organization sets and publishes international standards in all technical and non-technical domains. The ISO has established approximately 24,261 standards, ranging from manufactured products and technology to food safety, agriculture, and healthcare, as of April 2022. There are 804 technical committees and subcommittees within ISO that deal with creating standards.
ISA, which primarily focused on mechanical engineering, was established in 1926. During World War II, the ISA was suspended; nevertheless, the newly formed United Nations Standards Coordinating Committee (UNSCC) approached the ISA with a proposal to organize a new global standards body after the war. Delegates from 25 countries convened in London in October 1946 to form the new International Organization for Standardization, with the ISA and UNSCC joining forces. On February 23, 1947, the new organization was officially launched.
What Is The Process For Developing ISO Standards?
The ISO has a six-stage standard development procedure. The stages are as follows:
- Stage one of the proposal - When business associations or consumer groups submit a request, the first step in drafting a new standard begins. The relevant ISO committee decides whether or not a new standard is needed.
- Stage one of the process - A working group has been formed to write a first draft of the new standard. The working group comprises subject matter experts and industry stakeholders; once the draft is approved, the parent committee of the working group selects which step to go to.
- The committee stage has begun - Members of the parent committee review and comment on the draft standard at this optional step. The committee can move on to the next step after it has reached an agreement on the technical content of the draft.
- Stage one of the investigation - The draft standard is referred to as a Draft International Standard (DIS). It's sent out to ISO members for feedback and a vote. If the DIS is approved without any technical revisions at this stage, ISO publishes it as a standard. If it doesn't, it'll be sent to the approval stage.
- The approval stage has arrived - The draft standard is sent to ISO members as a Final Draft International Standard (FDIS). A vote approves the revised standard of the members.
- The moment of publication has arrived - The FDIS is published as an official international standard if ISO members approve it.
ISO members vote on the approval of standards. At least two-thirds of participating members must vote in favour of a standard, with no more than one-fourth voting against it.
Because many of the ISO-created standards are widely used, the term "ISO" is sometimes used to identify a product that meets a standard. Here are several examples:
- Disk images are usually referred to as "ISOs" since they finish in the file extension "ISO" to indicate that they use the ISO 9660 standard file system rather than another file system.
- ISO 6 describes a photographic film's sensitivity to light (its "film speed"). ISO 2240 and ISO 5800 describe a photographic film's sensitivity to light (its "film speed"). As a result, the ISO number frequently refers to the film's speed.
- The flash hot shoe on cameras is commonly referred to as the "ISO shoe," first described in ISO 518.
- ISOBUS is a brand name for ISO 11783.
- ISOFIX is a brand name for ISO 13216.
Key Differences Between BIS And ISO in Points
- BIS is a standard-setting organization that ensures that items meet Indian standards. On the other hand, ISO is in charge of all products and services, ensuring that they comply with international standards.
- The BIS headquarters are at New Delhi's Manak Bhawan, but the ISO headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.
- The Minister in charge and ex-officio President of BIS is Shri Pramod Kumar Tiwari. Ulrika Francke, on the other hand, is the President of ISO.
- Over 20,000 standards have been created by the Bureau of Indian Standards, whereas the International Organization for Standardization has created over 24,000 standards.
- BIS was established in 1986, but its operations began on October 12, 2017, whereas ISO was established on February 23, 1947.
- The primary distinction between BIS and ISO is that BIS stands for Bureau of Indian Standards, which began operations on October 12, 2017, and is part of the Consumer Affairs Department. On the other hand, ISO is a private organization founded on February 23, 1947, by the ISA and the UNSCC to issue certificates to organizations that ensure global level quality.
- BIS is a government-run agency established under the BIS Act 2016 to promote the collaborative and harmonious development of standardization activities in India.
- This institution serves the economy in various ways, including providing safe and high-quality commodity
- es, decreasing health risks, and managing the proliferation of things, among other things.
- ISO is an international organization made up of 167 national standard bodies, autonomous and private. All of these organizations collaborate and share information to create a market based on consensus and worldwide standards that promote and encourage new ideas and inventions and provide global solutions to problems.
Finally, both BIS and ISO are responsible for developing approved standards at both the national and global levels. The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) was formerly known as the Indian Standards Institute (ISI) and began operations in 2017 despite being founded in 1986.