Difference Between Baptist and Presbyterian

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: September 09, 2023


Difference Between Baptist and Presbyterian

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Religion is incredibly significant to people all around the world. Because of the various religions all across the world, there are many different beliefs and faiths. Baptists and Presbyterians are religions that appear to have similar rituals yet differ significantly in their underlying beliefs. Baptists believe exclusively in Jesus, whilst Presbyterians believe in Jesus as well as newborn babies born in their homes. Presbyterians believe that everything that happens is prearranged. Baptists, on the other hand, believe that only hope in Jesus or God can lead to paradise and that nothing is predetermined. Both parties believe in God, but their behaviors and ways of thinking distinguish them.

Baptist vs. Presbyterian

The main difference between Baptists and Presbyterians is that Baptists have faith that nothing in the world is pre-decided and believe that Jesus will lead to heaven. But Presbyterians, on the other hand, believe in predestination, believing that God has already determined everyone's destiny and that nothing can change.

Although these two religions are opposed to each other, they have some similarities. Historically, Baptists and Presbyterians have agreed on far more than they have clashed on. They agree on the Bible's status as God's inspired and authoritative Word. Both Baptists and Presbyterians believe that a person is justified before God alone by God's grace in Jesus Christ, via faith in Jesus alone. Many parallels exist between a Presbyterian and a Baptist church service, such as prayer, hymn singing, and Bible preaching. Both Baptists and Presbyterians believe in two distinct sacraments in church life; however, many Baptists refer to these as edicts, whilst Presbyterians refer to them as sacraments. Examples include baptism and the Lord's Supper, also known as Holy Communion. Despite the fact that these rituals are one-of-a-kind, significant, and instruments of grace, they accept that they do not save. In other terms, these ceremonies do not validate a person in the eyes of God. Even after the similarities, they do have differences. The table below clearly defines the differences between the two:-

Difference Between Baptist and Presbyterian in Tabular Form

Basis of distinctionBaptistPresbyterian
ExemplificationThe name Baptist refers to a group of individuals who have firm and continuous faith in Jesus alone.Presbyterians are persons who practice Christianity and believe in both Jesus and freshly born babies.
Church differencesBaptist congregations are self-governing and governed by gatherings of all believers in Christ.Presbyterian congregations have many levels of government. The council holds general gatherings in churches.
Purification.They do not believe in the cleansing of children.Children born as Christians, they think, should be cleansed or baptized.
RedemptionThey think that only real trust in God can bring about salvation.Presbyterians do not believe in atonement. Instead, they have faith in the destination.
Believe in bibleThey effusively have faith in Bible maxims and do not go against them.For them, both Bible and human reasons are important.

Who are Baptists?

Baptists are people who believe that nothing in this world is pre-defined or even more similar. And that, Jesus, leads to heaven. They fully trust the teachings of the Bible, as well as strictly follow every proverb in it. They do not believe in child purification. It is said that sins are lost if we believe in God, and they do not believe that the death of Christ is only for the selected rare. They also believe that only those who have a clear and firm faith in Jesus will be saved. Baptist churches are independent and run by assemblies of all followers of Christ. In their churches, prayer is not read aloud as in Presbyterians. Their churches are autonomous and are run by assemblages of all factions who believe in Christ. Baptist churches come under the Protestant Churches, but not all Baptists accept these churches. A baptism is a denominational organization that professes the religion of those who agree with the Church, as well as the idea that the faith should only be practiced by those who confess baptism.

The Baptists induct only those who have declared their faith in Christ. They do not baptize children, and in addition, they don’t believe that Jesus Christ passed away on the cross for the elect. Baptists say that after the death of a person, the soul is torn between heaven and earth. In other terms, they do not believe in purification. Baptists, on the other hand, are different from the Presbyterian perspective. They also believe in the ways of God's grace. Furthermore, Baptists advocate for confidence in God, which is the finest trait a Baptist may have. It's worth noting that Baptists talk a lot about hallowed sacraments. Baptist refers to a person who believes in Credobaptism, or Christian baptism, for those who confess faith in Jesus Christ. Despite the fact that many other Christian denominations preach Credobaptism, not all Baptists believe in it. Baptismal Methods: Baptism via immersion in water is said to be the only method to be baptized. He contends that only this form truly embodies the biblical paradigm of baptism and the pictures formed by baptism.

Who are Presbyterians?

Presbyterians are persons who practice Christianity and believe in both Jesus and freshly born babies. They think infants born as Christians should be taken through the process of baptism or purification. They do not believe in redemption, but they do believe in the grace of God. Presbyterians believe that God has already ordained their destiny and that no one can change it. They essentially believe in predestination. They value Bible verses but also believe human factors to be essential. All of the people present at their churches perform prayers aloud. They think Jesus' death was solely for a select few. They even state that only having faith in God cannot lead to salvation as everything has already been determined by God. The Presbyterian churches have a diverse stratum of governance; in churches, common assemblages are held by the council.

Presbyterians think that it is the only source that can demonstrate God's or the Almighty's splendor and sovereignty. They are obstinate that Jesus died on the cross for the sake of the chosen. Presbyterians don't talk much about the spirit being torn between heaven and earth when it comes to the soul. They claim that only the Lord's Supper and baptism are real emblems of God's grace. Furthermore, the scriptures were very important to the Presbyterians, but they did not claim that the texts alone were the basis of Christian teachings. Instead, they say, human reasoning plays a key role in understanding the doctrines of Christianity along with the scriptures. According to Presbyterian philosophy, human reasoning is as good and effective as scripture.

Presbyterians do not believe that unity is Christ's physical body and blood. They claim that communion is nothing more than the insignia of God's flesh and blood. The Presbyterians encourage studying the Gospel to get a comprehension of the Holy Bible. Indeed, they claim that the primary teaching of the Bible is nothing but God's glory. Presbyterians are adamant that Jesus died on the cross exclusively for those who have been chosen. Although the Baptist accepts the Gospel of God, the Presbyterian thinks that it is the only source of proof for God's glory and sovereignty.

Main Differences Between Baptist and Presbyterian in Points

  1. Baptists are individuals who believe exclusively in God, whereas Presbyterians believe in both God and freshly born babies.
  2. Presbyterians believe that Christian newborns should be baptized or cleaned at birth. Baptists, on the other hand, believe that minors should not be baptized; rather, adults who have a strong faith in God should be baptized.
  3. Baptists completely believe and rigorously adhere to the teachings of the Bible. Presbyterians value the Bible as well, but they apply the Bible's teachings as they see fit.
  4. Baptists believe that real trust in God is required to accomplish salvation. Presbyterians, on the other hand, do not believe in redemption; rather, they trust in destiny.
  5. Prayers are not narrated out loud in Baptist churches. However, in Presbyterian churches, prayers are recited aloud by all members.
  6. Baptists believe that salvation can only be obtained by trust in God. In other words, they claim that only trust in God leads to salvation or release from this world after death. Presbyterians, on the other hand, are adamant that God has already decided who to punish and who to redeem.
  7. Most Baptist churches are autonomous and are governed by community meetings. This is also known as congregationalism. Baptists usually do not have a denomination hierarchy, and local churches have autonomy. They easily join and dispense groups and have definitive authority over their possessions and in selecting their leaders. In contrast, the Presbyterians had layers of rule. Local churches are divided into Presbyterian. The abbot, who is the highest-level administrator in the Presbyterian, is represented by all the synagogues.
  8. Local Baptist churches can choose their clergy from whatever criteria they choose. The clergy is appointed by the local church, not the wider tribe. Requirements to become a pastor vary from church to church. Some Baptist churches require a seminary education and only a biblically qualified well-taught, and guided candidate for church leadership. The clergy who serve the Presbyterian churches are usually appointed and elected by the Presbyterians, and the Presbyterian decision is usually made by assignments with the mass confirmation of the local church.
  9. The name sacrament is derived from the concept that a sacrament is a tool for grace, but the scripture emphasizes that the sacrament must be obeyed. Both Presbyterians and Baptists believe that the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper shall be carried out in a meaningful, spiritual, and distinctive manner. As a result, the word difference is not as large as it appears at first look. Baptists call Church baptism and the Lord's Supper ordinances, whereas Presbyterians call them sacraments.
  10. Another significant distinction between many contemporary Baptists and Presbyterians is their understanding of God's sovereignty in salvation. With a few exceptions, many Baptists consider themselves modified Calvinists. Many Baptists affirm eternal security, but salvation also confirms man's free will and his ability to follow God and believe in Christ in his fallen state. Presbyterians, on the other hand, affirm the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation. They deny man's ultimate self-determination and maintain that only the grace of an active, chosen God can rescue a person. Presbyterians emphasized that the fallen man could not approach God and that if the people abandoned him, God would reject him.


There are diverse principles in a similar religion because people think contrarily. For example, Baptists believe that only those who have a clear and firm faith in Jesus should be purified or baptized, while Presbyterians believe that every child born of Christianity must be purified or baptized. They follow various testimonies according to their faith and views. Baptists believe that real trust in God is required to earn redemption. Presbyterians, on the other hand, do not believe in redemption; rather, they trust in the destination. Presbyterians believe that everyone's fate has been predetermined by God and that nothing can be altered. Baptism should be practiced by complete immersion against sprinkling or flow; Presbyterians baptized adults by effusion rather than by aspiration sprinkler method or by immersion method.

Prayer is not read aloud in Baptist churches, although all members pray loudly in Presbyterian congregations. Baptist churches are self-governing and controlled by assemblies of all Christ's disciples. Furthermore, Presbyterian congregations have several levels of government. The councils meet on a consistent basis at respective churches. In terms of ideas and practices, the two religious organizations, the Baptists and the Presbyterians, vary significantly. As a result, they believe in premonition. Some Baptist churches, however, believe in predestination, as opinions fluctuate even among Baptist congregations. In the end, although these religions seem to be similar, they are different, and the above-mentioned article made it clear.



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"Difference Between Baptist and Presbyterian." Diffzy.com, 2024. Fri. 12 Apr. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-baptist-and-presbyterian-119>.

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