Difference Between Articles of Confederation and Bill of Rights

Edited by Diffzy | Updated on: April 30, 2023


Difference Between Articles of Confederation and Bill of Rights

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A country is composed of many different states, and each State is composed of a sizable number of cities. It might be pretty challenging to maintain such a vast population. However, the nation's government establishes specific laws and guidelines for this goal, and both its citizens and state governments are required to abide by them. The United States of America's Bill of Rights and Articles of Confederation are examples of such rule-making. They were established to administer the nation effectively. The Article of Confederation and Perpetual Union was the first-ever Constitution to govern the United States of America. It was a deal reached by the 13 founding states of the United States, and it was accepted in November 1777. All American states were required to abide by its provisions since it was created to protect their autonomy and independence.

The United States of America began to face many difficulties in 1787, necessitating an effective federal government, which led to the choice to create a constitution. However, as time passed, many in the nation began to worry and distrust their rights. Ten amendments to the Bill of Rights were introduced as a consequence, giving the populace a sense of confidence regarding their liberties and rights. The primary distinction between the bill of rights and the articles of confederation is that the latter was created to offer citizens a sense of security about their liberties from the federal authority. In contrast, the former was created to protect the independence and sovereignty of a state.

Articles of Confederation Vs. Bill of Rights

The Article of Confederation was established to maintain state sovereignty and independence, whereas the Bill of Rights was created to guarantee federalism. On the other hand, the Bill of Rights was written to give the people confidence in their freedom from federal authority. However, the Articles of Confederation did not contain a bill of rights. Instead, the framers of the Articles believed that it was the responsibility of the State to protect citizens' rights. The first Congress of the United States enacted the first ten amendments to the Constitution, usually referred to as the "Bill of Rights," in 1789. They came into force on December 15, 1791, when Virginia became the eleventh State to ratify them.

Difference Between Articles of Confederation and Bill of Rights in Tabular Form

Parameters Of Comparison  Articles of Confederation Bill of Rights
Concept The accord resulted in the United States of America's first Constitution. The Bill of Rights refers to the first ten amendments to the US Constitution.
Cause Formed to protect the State's autonomy and independence Formed to offer the public a feeling of security regarding their constitutional rights against the federal government.
Resulting from America's citizens first opposed it. The Bill of Rights pleasured and pleased the American people.
Origin November 1777 Approved in 1787
Purpose Advised the government on what to do. Informed the government of the wrongdoings.
Relevance Aid in maintaining a state's sovereignty and independence. Provide individuals a sense of confidence about their freedoms from the federal government.
Effectiveness Americans first opposed the document. Americans were pleased with and appreciative of the publication.
Function List the actions that the government must take. List prohibited actions of the government.

What Are Articles of Confederation?

It is a book that contains laws for each State in the eighteenth century. The 13 states that make up the United States of America signed a document known as the permanent union and articles of confederation. It was one of the early contracts for a centralized government. It suggests that the core system was insufficient. This text has been enriched to include suggestions to strengthen the amicable ties between the states. The American people first opposed the articles of confederation but eventually adopted them. The document was accepted after debate and rearrangement. The primary goal was to distribute authority among all the states evenly. The group, made up of 13 members, worked on the document's drafting. The final draft was given by John Dickson, the committee's chairman, on July 12, 1776. After Virginia, additional states ratified the drought in 1779. The goal was to grant the federal government as few powers as possible. Later, it was ruled by an unorganized central administration.

The purpose of this was to protect the sovereignty and independence of every American State. Before making any significant decisions about conducting business, addressing a problem to the State, handling international affairs, etc., all the American states were required to read this essay. The American people did not, however, embrace this article of confederation for a very long time. Thirteen persons were chosen to serve on the committee that wrote this Constitution. John Dickson served as the committee's chairman, and he later provided all the relevant findings. After Virginia adopted the Articles of Confederation in early 1779, the country's citizens began to believe and abide by the laws.

Understanding The Articles of Confederation

The First Amendment is arguably the most well-known and inclusive of the Bill of Rights. It affirms the intrinsic rights we have to free speech, the press, our religion, our assembly, and to petition the government. Congress is not allowed to enact laws that impose a religious institution or prevent the practice of religion, limit free expression, the press, or people's freedom to peacefully assemble and petition the government for a redress of grievances. Our freedom to own firearms is protected under the Second Amendment. We are protected by the Third Amendment against having the military live in our houses. The Fourth through Eighth Amendments defends our right to an impartial judicial system, including prohibitions on unjustified searches and seizures, biased trials, and harsh or unusual punishment.

What Is The Bill of Rights?

It is the Constitution's first ten amendments. The American leaders introduced these modifications to address the problems that the fledgling nations were confronting. The primary option was to create a federal state that was more effective and strong. The executive, judicial, and legislative branches were divided by the Constitution. However, these federal government departments enjoyed public authority. Many Americans became confused and afraid of their liberties as a consequence. People felt more secure about their liberties from the federal government with the passage of the bill of rights. The freedom of expression and religion, the right against unwarranted detention, the right to a jury trial, and the guarantee of other human rights are some of the significant additions to the bill of rights.

Understanding the Bill of Rights Concept

As a crucial component of CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, the Bill of Rights continues to have a significant influence on modern American society. The significance of its safeguards is still up for dispute. For instance, the second amendment's provision granting the right to keep and carry arms in support of a militia is currently the subject of heated political debate. More broadly, A sensitive topic of constitutional interpretation continues to be the enlargement of the Bill of Rights to protect citizens against abuse by state and local governments as well as the federal government. The Bill of Rights safeguards were initially only intended to place restrictions on the federal government, but this original perspective started to be enlarged once the fourteenth amendment guaranteed that no state may deny its citizens access to those guarantees in 1868. The Supreme Court has yet to make a final determination about whether the complete Bill of Rights should always be applied to all tiers of government.

10 Amendments In The Bill of Rights

Amendment I: Congress shall not pass any legislation restricting the free practice of religion, outlawing the establishment of religion, interfering with free speech or the press, or limiting the people's ability to congregate freely and ask the government to address their concerns.

Amendment II: The right of the people to keep and bear arms must not be violated because a well-managed militia is essential to the security of a free State.

Amendment III: No Soldier should be quartered in any house during times of peace without the owner's permission or during times of War unless in a way allowed by law.

Amendment IV: No warrants shall be issued unless there is probable cause, it is supported by an oath or affirmation, and it specifically describes the location to be searched as well as the people or things to be seized. Amendment IV guarantees that people's rights to be secure in their persons, homes, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures are not violated.

Amendment V: No one shall be responsible for a capital or other infamous crime. A person cannot be denied their life, liberty, or possessions, and they cannot be forced to testify against themselves in a criminal case, with the exception of situations originating in the land, naval, or militia forces while performing their official duties in times of War or public danger. No individual shall be repeatedly placed in danger of life or limb for the same violation.

Amendment VI: provides the right to an impartial jury from the State and district where the crime was committed to hearing all criminal cases in a timely manner.

Amendment VII: When the amount in issue surpasses $20, common law actions must maintain the right to a jury trial, and facts determined by a jury cannot be reviewed in a court of the United States in any other way than in accordance with the common law principles.

Amendment VIII:  prohibits the imposition of exorbitant fines, unreasonable bail requirements, and harsh and unusual penalties.

Amendment IX: states that the listing of some rights in the Constitution should not be interpreted as denying or demeaning other rights that the people may have.

Amendment X states that any authority not expressly granted to the United States by the Constitution or expressly prohibited by it to the States is reserved to the States or to the people, as appropriate.

Main Differences Between Articles of Confederation and Bill of Rights in Points

  • The US Constitution's first ten amendments are known as the Bill of Rights, whereas the agreement that created the country's first Constitution is known as the Article of Confederation.
  • To protect each State's autonomy and sovereignty, the Article of Confederation was created. On the other side, the Bill of Rights was written to give the people confidence in their freedom from federal authority.
  • While the Bill of Rights was established in 1787, the Article of Confederation was prepared and approved in November 1777.
  • The government was instructed in the article on what to do. The measure, in contrast, specified what it should not accomplish.
  • Although they were content and delighted with the Bill of Rights, Americans initially opposed the Article of Confederation.
  • The agreement that created the first Constitution is known as the Articles of Confederation. The first ten amendments to the Constitution are referred to as the "bill of rights."
  • The goal of the Articles of Confederation is to protect each State's sovereignty and independence. The goal of the Bill of Rights is to provide individuals with a sense of security and freedom.
  • In 1777, the Articles of Confederation were ratified. In 1787, bills of rights were approved.
  • Things the government should accomplish are outlined in the Articles of Confederation. The Bill of Rights specifies what the government is not allowed to do.
  • Articles of confederation were first opposed by Americans. The Bill of Rights pleased and gratified Americans.


The United States of America's initial Constitution was composed of the articles of confederation and a perpetual union. The aim was to maintain each State's autonomy and independence. Due to the gaps that created problems, many Americans opposed the articles of confederation. In 1779, Virginia attempted to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which was ultimately approved by the populace. The Bill of Rights is composed of the first ten amendments of the US Constitution. These changes are meant to increase people's sense of security and comfort. The concern that was evident in the articles of confederation was allayed by the inclusion of these bills of rights in the Constitution. Do not forget that it lists things that the government ought not to do.

The Bill of Rights refers to the first ten amendments to the US Constitution. The creation of this measure was motivated by the need to provide individuals confidence in and security for their rights. Following the creation of the Constitution, citizens of the nation began to worry and distrust their rights. However, the Bill of Rights provided a solution to this issue. The ban on harsh and unusual punishments, the right to bear arms, and other rights were all incorporated into these ten amendments.



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"Difference Between Articles of Confederation and Bill of Rights." Diffzy.com, 2024. Fri. 19 Jul. 2024. <https://www.diffzy.com/article/difference-between-articles-of-confederation-and-bill-1045>.

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